Exploring the world in the Beechcraft Bonanza

Leg 254, Buenos Aires, Costa Rica via Panama to Manizales, Colombia

DAY05_02.PLN (20.7 KB)

Amazing flight today with a spectacular weather finale. More of Costa Rica then on to Panama, along the Panama canal to Panama City. Island hopping follows before climbing into the mountains to follow the Caribbean coast into Colombia. There a spectacular weather finale awaits at the rock of Guatapé.

05-02 Buenos Aires De Osa MRBA 7:37 AM
05-02 Palmar Sur MRPM 7:44 AM
05-02 Drake MRDK 7:50 AM
05-02 Sirena Station MRSN * 8:05 AM
05-02 Carate MRCE 8:11 AM
05-02 Puerto Jimenez MRPJ 8:17 AM
05-02 Golfito MRGF 8:24 AM
05-02 Finca 63 MRFS 8:29 AM Trees at end of runway
05-02 Coto 47 MRCC 8:32 AM Bad stuttering, memory use increasing
05-02 Alvaro Berrroa PX02 8:41 AM
05-02 Chiriqui Grande MPCI 8:58 AM Bad stuttering, memory use increasing
05-02 San Felix MPSF 9:20 AM
05-02 Sona MPSB Under water
05-02 Coiba MPSO 9:35 AM Tall trees at end of runway
05-02 La Plantacion MPLA 9:53 AM
05-02 Arena MPLL 10:01 AM Bad stuttering, memory use increasing
05-02 Tonosi MPTN 10:11 AM
05-02 Cap. Justiniano Montanegro MPPD 10:21 AM
05-02 Los Asientos MP00 10:23 AM Trees at end of runway
05-02 Candelaria MPBE 10:28 AM
05-02 Augusto Vergara MPGU 10:33 AM
05-02 Chitre MPCE 10:40 AM
05-02 Ingenio Santa Rosa MP22 10:49 AM Tree at end of runway
05-02 Aguadulce MPAU 10:55 AM
05-02 El Coco MPAG 11:01 AM Bad stuttering, memory use increasing
05-02 Cap Scarlett R Martinez L Intl MPSM 11:07 AM
05-02 Chame MPCM 11:14 AM
05-02 Sherman MPFS 11:42 AM
05-02 Enrique Adolfo Jimenez MPEJ 11:45 AM Panama canal
05-02 Howard AFB MPPA 12:18 PM
05-02 Marcos A Gelabert Intl MPMG 12:23 PM Panama city capital landmarks 8°58’37"N 79°31’5"W
05-02 Tocumen Intl 9°04’00.1"N 79°23’14.1"W 12:44 PM Some parts of the airport are there
05-02 La Joya MPPS 12:52 PM
05-02 Coronel Raul Aria Espinoza MPRA 1:07 PM Fuel truck across end of runway
05-02 Contadora MPCS 1:12 PM Short runway
05-02 Viveros Island IVI 1:15 PM
05-02 Fernando Eleta MPFE 1:19 PM Trees at end of runway
05-02 San Jose Island SIC 1:24 PM
05-02 Punta Cocos MP26 1:29 PM Bad Stuttering over land, memory use increasing
05-02 Playon Chico MPPL 1:55 PM
05-02 Alligandi MPAI 2:01 PM
05-02 Wakitupu MPAC 2:04 PM
05-02 Mamitupo MPI 2:06 PM
05-02 Ogubsucum OGM 2:09 PM
05-02 Mulatupo MPMN 2:15 PM
05-02 Mulatupo MPMU 2:22 PM
05-02 Mulatupo MPMA 2:25 PM
05-02 Puerto Obaldia MPOA 2:34 PM
05-02 Puerto Obaldia MPOA 4:51 PM
05-02 Capurgana SKCA 4:55 PM
05-02 Acandi SKAD 4:59 PM
05-02 Unguia SKUQ 5:12 PM
05-02 Antonio Roldan Betancourt SKLC 5:21 PM
05-02 Chigorodo SKIG 5:25 PM
05-02 Chigorodo SKJV 5:28 PM No runway, landed in field, bad textures
05-02 El Plateado SKFO 5:52 PM Trees at end of runway
05-02 Rancho Ae SKAT 6:06 PM Bad Stuttering, memory use increasing
05-02 Olaya Herrara SKMD 6:21 PM Virtual vision landing
05-02 Jose Maria Cordova SKRG 6:33 PM Medellín Pablo Escobar, The rock of Guatape 6°13’13"N 75°10’46"W
05-02 Puerto Nare SKPN 6:56 PM
05-02 Puerto Perales SKPY 7:03 PM No runway, landed in field
05-02 La Nubia SKMZ 7:40 PM

Flight time 9:46 59 stops

Departure from Buenos Aires De Osa Airport

Luckily it was just a local cloud, out in the sunshine

Landing at Sirena Aerodrome in Parque Nacional Corcovado

Rolled up to the ranger station to check it out in detail

Lot of luggage, no one around, a mystery

Checking out the park

More suitcases, where is the party

The real thing, one building is for overnight stays

Time to head out, bye bye mr wind sock

Carate Airport, following the coast along the peninsula

Golfito back on the mainland on Golfito Bay

Quebrada de Vuelta, just over the border into Panama

Volcán Barú (11,398ft) active stratovolcano and highest mountain in Panama

Located in Parque Nacional Volcán Barú

Volcán Barú

Chiriqui Grande

Archipielago de Islas Secas in the North Pacific Ocean

Islas Secas

Sona Airport, not today

Coiba Airport

Located at Parque Nacional de Isla Coiba

Isla Gobernadora

Isla Cébaco

Las Narices in the middle of Isla Cébaco

Lot of rainbows today

Malena, back to mainland Panama

Rio Pavo flowing through Reserva forestal La Tronosa

Chitre on La Villa River

La Estrella in El Roble corregimiento, Aguadulce District, Coclé Province, Panama

Ingenio Santa Rosa in the other direction and name of the airport

Gatun Lake

Massive artificial lake, part of the ship route through the Panama Canal

Gatun Locks between the lake and the Caribbean Sea

Agua Clara Locks (left) part of the Panama Canal expansion project, opened 2016

Puente Atlántico between Limon Bay and the locks

Turned around to Panama city, Chagres River connecting the Panama Canal with Gatun Lake

The Panama Canal, build by the US between 1904 and 1914

The Panama Canal remained under US control until 1999, then handed over to Panama

Puente Centenario, Pedro Miguel Locks in the distance

Carrying 6 lanes of traffic across the canal

Miraflores Locks (left) and Cocolí Locks (Panama Canal expansion)

The width of the old locks (106ft) have always been a design constraint for cargo ships

In 2019 the Panama Canal registered 13,785 transits, either oceangoing or small vessels, transporting 252 million long tons of goods in total

Puente de Las Américas, looking out onto the North Pacific Ocean

Awesome bridge and safe to fly under in the middle

Flying along the road deck works…

But there are invisible walls a bit further to the middle, splat

Landing at Marcos A. Gelabert Intl aka Albrook Gelabert Airport

Panama City, capital of Panama

JW Marriott Panama

F&F Tower

Peace Garden Cemetary and Panamá Viejo (historical site) on the left on the coast

Panama Metropolitan Cathedral (completed 1796) and Casco Antiguo

A look inside the Panama Canal Museum

Museo de La Historia de Panamá

Some more island hopping in the gulf of Panama, Pacheca Island

Coronel Raul Aria Espinoza Airport

Mogo Mogo Island

Contadora Airport

Punta Cocos in Concholón, south end of Isla del Rey

Chimán District, back on the mainland, crossing the mountains to the Caribbean side

Boca de Chucantí


Ogubsucum Airport on Guna Yala Comarca island right on the Caribbean Sea coast

Mulatupo Airport in Mansukum

Mulatupo o Sasardi

Puerto Obaldia close to the border with Colombia

Continuing after a couple hours break, the weather has changed

Capurgana Airport, Colombia

Another rainbow on the way out


Passing the Rio Tolo

Crossing the Atrato River

Brazo Leon

Rio Sucio

El Plateado along the Rio San Joaquin

Natural Las Orquídeas National Park

Cauca River

Flying out of Rancho Ae Airport

Into Medellin Municipality

Vda Las Flores

Medellín, (in)famous for the Medellin cartel and Pablo Escobar (1949-1993)

Nicknamed the “City of Eternal Spring” for its temperate weather

Jose Maria Cordova International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional José María Córdova)

Embalse del Penol

Where the Rock of Guatapa (El Peñón de Guatapé) is located

Outcrop of the Antioquia Batholith, towers 656ft above its base

A 649 steps staircase leads visitors to the top

I really lucked out with the weather, amazing to fly around in here

One more circle before heading on

San Rafael, Antioquia

Sunset on approach to Puerto Nare

Puerto Nare Airport

Magdalena River

Puerto Boyacá and Puerto Perales Nuevo

Club de Recraeción Cultura y Deporte Puerto Boyacá in Puerto Boyacá

Over Marulanda

Final stop today in Manizales

A city in the mountainous coffee-growing region of western Colombia

Heading for La Nubia airport, a dark strip along the road ahead

La Nubia Airport

I’ll be visiting the capital of Cololbia tomorrow, then further into South America.

1 Like

Leg 255, Manizales, Caldas to El Banco, Magdalena, Colombia

DAY05_03.PLN (6.8 KB)

The weather stole the show this leg, amazing cloud formations while crossing the mountains in Colombia.

05-03 La Nubia SKMZ 3:48 PM
05-03 El Diamante SKFM 4:09 PM
05-03 Santiago Vila SKGI 4:18 PM
05-03 Melgar AB SKME 4:24 PM
05-03 Eldorado Intl SKBO Bogota capital 4:51 PM
05-03 Guaymaral SKGY 4:57 PM
05-03 Tunja SKTJ 5:22 PM
05-03 Juan Jose Rondon SKPA 5:31 PM
05-03 Municipio de Fortul SXPL 6:18 PM
05-03 Los Colonizadores SKSA 6:25 PM
05-03 Mayor Buenaventura Vivas Intl SVSO 6:41 PM
05-03 San Antonio del Tachir SVSA 6:54 PM
05-03 Camilo Daza Intl SKCC 7:00 PM
05-03 Santa Lucia SKEQ 7:19 PM Drone cam landing
05-03 Aguas Claras SKOC 7:27 PM Virtual vision landing
05-03 La Gloria SKYC 7:38 PM Drone cam landing, lightning for directions
05-03 Pelaya SK66 7:47 PM Runway along a road
05-03 El Banco Apt SKBC 8:01 PM Drone cam landing

Flight time 4:13 17 stops

Ready for departure from La Nubia Airport

Circling to gain altitude over Villamaría, Caldas, Colombia

Quite a climb to get by Nevado del Ruiz (17,425ft)

Also known as La Mesa de Herveo, last erupted 2016, currently hiding in the clouds

Vía al Parque Nacional Los Nevados apparently leading up the volcano

El Bosque, which just means the forest. I mistook it for a place name

Over Santa Isabel

El Diamante, Alvarado, Tolima

The Magdalena River at La Pradera

Girardot on the Magdalena river in the department of Cundinamarca

The Sumupaz River cutting through the mountain ridge where La Nariz del Diablo can be found

La Nariz del Diablo aka The Devil’s Nose

Embalse del Muña

Bogotá, the capital of Colombia, high up between the mountains

Passing the Cardiovascular Hospital del Niño de Cundinamarca (round building on the right)

Parque Metropolitano Simón Bolívar behind the sport fields

Landing at El Dorado Luis Carlos Galan Sarmiento International Airport

Santamaría Bullring on the left, colorful city

Museo Quinta de Bolívar and Salitre Mágico amusement park, I spot a plane!

Museo Nacional de Colombia

Museo Botero, dedicated to Fernando Botero Angulo born 1932 in Medellín where I saw his statues

Actually I recognize his work from earlier, at the Yerevan Cascade, Yerevan, Armenia, Leg 151 To be still alive (89) and have your art displayed all over the world with a museum dedicated just to you, amazing.

Also here the Gold Museum housing exhibits on pre-Columbian gold, ceramics & stones

Moving on, Tominé Reservoir in the distance, Sesquilé below

Embalse Del Sisga

Embalse de Copa just visable behind the hill, passing over Tuta below

Juan Jose Rondon Airport

The weather is getting close at Ceja de Cuche

Heading into the thick of it at Quebrada La Fragua near Parque Nacional Natural Pisba

A glimpse of El Algarrobo

Parque Nacional Natural El Cocuy

Quebrada Agua Fria (Cold water stream) lake below

Rio Banadia at Fortul

Flying along the Rio Banadia

Municipio de Fortul Airport

Los Colonizadores Airport

Rio Arauca in Urdaneta, just across the border into Venezuela

Mayor Buenaventura Vivas Airport, Santo Domingo del Táchira, Venezuela

No sight seeing here today

Over Táchira

Near San Cristobal

San Antonio Del Tachira Airport on the Rio Tachira, the border with Colombia

Over Villa del Rosario, North Santander, Colombia


Camilo Daza International Airport in Cúcuta

El Zulia

Approaching Santa Lucia by lightning

Santa Lucia Airport



Over El Carmen

Pelaya Airport in Costilla

Final stop today in El Banco

A lot of lightning, blinding in high exposure drone view. Let’s see what the weather brings tomorrow.

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Leg 256, El Banco, Colombia via ABC Islands to Isla La Orchila, Venezuela

DAY05_04.PLN (9.6 KB)

I switched to flying in the morning today, still heading east, getting darker earlier every day. Sunrise instead of sunset today. To the Caribbean Sea, the south part for now, ABC islands and others off the coast of Venezuela. The rest of the Caribbean is for the way back north.

05-04 El Banco Apt SKBC 7:04 AM
05-04 El Eden SKRC 7:17 AM
05-04 Plato SKPL 7:29 AM
05-04 La Vega SKPJ 7:35 AM
05-04 San Pablo - Incora SKSC 7:46 AM
05-04 Rafael Nunez SKCG 7:57 AM
05-04 El Tambo SKST 8:01 AM
05-04 Hacienda Veracruz SKLU 8:10 AM Faded runway
05-04 Ernesto Cortissoz SKBQ 8:23 AM
05-04 La Ye SKDN 8:45 AM La Ciudad Perdida 11°02’16.6"N 73°55’30.7"W
05-04 Villanueva SKUY 9:39 AM No runway, landed in field
05-04 El Molino SXFA 9:44 AM Stripe in field
05-04 Buenavista SKBN 9:51 AM
05-04 Cerrejon Central SKBW 9:59 AM
05-04 La Chinita Intl SVMC 10:26 AM
05-04 Santa Rita SVWT 10:33 AM Tree at end of runway
05-04 Santa Rita SVWS 10:42 AM
05-04 Dabajuro SVDU 10:59 AM
05-04 Jose L Chirinos Intl SVCR 11:25 AM
05-04 Josefa Camejo Intl SVJC 11:38 AM
05-04 Oranjestad/Reina Beatrix Intl TNCA 11:57 AM Aruba
05-04 Willemstand/Hato Intl TNCC 12:25 AM Curacao
05-04 Flamingo TNCB 12:49 AM Bonaire
05-04 Dos Mosquises SVDM 1:28 PM
05-04 El Gran Roque SVRS 1:42 PM
05-04 La Orchila SVLO 1:58 PM

Flight time 6:54 25 stops

Departure from El Banco just after sunrise

Cienaga Chilloa (lake)

San Zenón

Plato in Magdalena Department on the Magdalena River

The Magdalena River near San Luis

San Luis in between the Magdalena River and Ciénaga Zurra

San Juan Nepomuceno

Over Bolivar

Ciénaga de Guájaro

Barranquilla on the Magdalena River

Tasajeras on the land bridge between Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta and the Caribbean Sea

Ciénaga at the eastern end of the land bridge

Serrania La Secreta

Rio Frio, lemme guess, the cold river, this one in Magdalena

Climbing up to Pico Cristóbal Colón (18,800ft) hidden in the clouds

Realizing it’s very high, turning to the next ‘shiny’

Looking for the lost city

Found it, La Ciudad Perdida

Archaeological site at the ruins of a city believed to date back to the year 800 CE

Enjoying a bit of canyon flying along the Rio Buritaca

I wonder who lives there

After scaling the mountains through thick clouds, emerging into the open over the Rio Curiba

Bit of icing from the mountain crossing, should melt quickly

Looking back at Pico Cristóbal Colón, or where it should be in the clouds on the left

Barrancas, La Guajira

Large mining operation in Sarahita, Barrancas

Monseñor Marcos Sergio Godoy, 4027, Zulia Venezuela

Puente General Rafael Urdaneta spanning Lake Maracaibo

Puente General Rafael Urdaneta aka Puente sobre el Lago de Maracaibo

Landmark please, looks like a great bridge to fly through

Following highway Carr. Nacional Falcón - Zulia aka Troncal3

José Leonardo Chirino Airport in Coro, capital of Falcón State and the second oldest city of Venezuela

On to the ABC Islands, part of Dutch Ceribbean. Aruba first, landing at Oranjestad-Reina Beatrix Intl

Former Dutch colony which gained independence in 1986, a victory much fought for by political activist and local hero Betico Croes. Aruba obtained a separate status as an autonomous country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Arikok National Park on Aruba

Oranjestad, the capital of the Dutch island of Aruba

Museo Historico Aruba, located in a restored military fort built in 1798

Sadly Dutch Caribbean was not included in WU4, pretty bad terrain quality here, moving on

Arriving on Curaçao at Lagun

Curaçao became an autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 2010 in a change of constitutional status that dissolved the Netherlands Antilles

Willemstad, the capital city of Curaçao

Schottegat (bay)


Willemstad with the floating Queen Emma bridge and blue Queen Juliana Bridge

Kura Hulanda Museum documenting the dark past of the Dutch Antilles

Between 1662 and 1669, Domingo Grillo and Ambrosio Lomelín shipped 24,000 enslaved people, assisted by the Dutch West India Company and the Royal African Company from Jamaica

On to Bonaire, the third of the ABC islands

Bonaire was part of the Netherlands Antilles until the country’s dissolution in 2010, when the island became a special municipality within the country of the Netherlands. Together with Sint Eustatius and Saba they are now part of Caribbean Netherlands. (Sint Maarten became a constituent country in 2010, same status as Aruba and Curaçao. Suriname gained independence in 1975)

Flamingo Airport aka Bonaire International Airport in Kralendijk, capital of Bonaire

Washington-Slagbaai National Park

Bonaire Cruise Port in Kralendijk

Islas Las Aves, Federal Dependencies of Venezuela

Archipiélago Las Aves

Landing at Dos Mosquises Airport

Crasqui island on the middle right

Landing on Gran Roque Island

Archipielago de Los Roques

Last stop today at Isla La Orchilla

A couple more islands then back to the mainland next leg.

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Leg 257, Isla La Orchila, Venezuela to Puerto Carreño, Colombia

DAY05_05.PLN (12.1 KB)

Visiting the capital of Venezuela today before climbing the highest mountain. Terrain quality fluctuates a lot in Venezuela, some parts look great, some parts are a complete mess. It must be cloudy a lot (and plenty lightning during the flight) as cloud shaped patches are everywhere.

05-05 La Orchila SVLO 6:13 AM
05-05 La Tortuga Punta Delgada SVDA 6:41 AM
05-05 Del Caribe Intl Gen Santiago M SVMG 7:11 AM
05-05 Isla De Coche SVIE 7:14 AM
05-05 Gen Jose Francisco Bermudez SVCP 7:32 AM
05-05 Santa Barbara De Monagas SVOF 7:55 AM Bad terrain quality, must be coudy a lot
05-05 La Vieja SVLJ 8:06 AM
05-05 Gen. Jose Antonio Anzoategui I SVBC 8:20 AM
05-05 San Jose de Guaribe SVKM 8:44 AM
05-05 Hacienda Santa Elena de Mirand SVSL 9:00 AM unclear runway
05-05 Gen Francisco Miranda AB SVFM 9:15 AM Caracas Capital
05-05 Simon Bolivar Intl SVMI 9:34 AM
05-05 Mariscal Sucre AB SVBS 9:54 AM
05-05 Arturo Michelena Intl SVVA 10:01 AM
05-05 Tocuyito SVQO 10:07 AM Short runway
05-05 El Milagro Carabobo SVGR 10:14 AM Bad terrain quality
05-05 Sub Teniente Nestor Aria SVSP 10:23 AM
05-05 Barquisimeto SVBM 10:37 AM Very bad terrain quality
05-05 Dr. Antonio Nicolas Briceno SVVL 11:08 AM
05-05 Alberto Carnevalli SVMD 11:35 AM
05-05 Fundo Santa Maria SVSM 12:07 PM unclear ‘runway’
05-05 El Oasis SVHO 12:15 PM
05-05 Libertad SVXG 12:23 PM
05-05 Las Casitas Del Vegon de Nurtrias SVXB 12:29 PM
05-05 Santa Catalina SVXC 12:38 PM
05-05 Hato La Chaconera SVHN 12:47 PM
05-05 San Antonio SVYO 12:53 PM
05-05 San Antonio SVYM 12:59 PM
05-05 San Fernando De Apure SVSR 1:16 PM Bad terrain quality
05-05 San Fernando Apure SVZP 1:28 PM
05-05 Santa Maria La Tigra SVQC 1:49 PM Poor terrain quality
05-05 Puerto Paez SVDZ 2:01 PM
05-05 Puerto Carreno SKPC 2:04 PM

Flight time 7:51 32 stops

Early departure from Isla La Orchila

Nice sunrise today

Lightning as well, was pretty much visible all day

Isla La Tortuga

La Tortuga Punta Delgada Airport

Tortuga Island

Isla de Margarita

Capital Península De Macanao

Punta de Piedras

Aeropuerto Internacional General en Jefe Santiago Mariño on Isla de Margarita

Turning to land at Andrés Miguel Salazar Marcano Airport on Isla de Coche

Isla de Coche

Morro de Lebranche

Back on the mainland in Sucre state, Venezuela

Copacabana, not the one from the song, that refers to the Copacabana nightclub in NY named after a district in Rio de Janeiro. This is Copacabana municipality in Sucre, Venezuela

The song is stuck in my head now regardless


Rómulo Gallegos, dipping in and out of the clouds from here on out



San Cristóbal

El Clavo

Hacienda Santa Elena de Mirand Airport

Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. Landing at Gen Francisco Miranda AB first

Then following Avenue Libertador to the city center

Centro Comercial Avenida Libertador

Plaza Venezuela below and Parque Los Caobos

Plaza Bolivar Caracas and Estadio Olímpico

Parque del Este and the National Pantheon (current resting place of Simón Bolívar)

Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) Birthplace House, Plaza Bolivar and Catedral de Caracas

Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Ponte Palacios y Blanco, aka El Libertador, was a Venezuelan military and political leader who led what are currently the countries of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama to independence from the Spanish Empire. Simón Bolívar was initially laid to rest in the cathedral of Santa Marta then moved to Caracas in 1842. His wife and parents are buried in the Catedral de Caracas.

Museo Sacro de Caracas, Museo Bolivariano and Museum of Fine Arts

Maiquetía on the coast

Where Simón Bolívar International Airport is located

Into the mountains, already at 8,000 ft at Carayaca

Maracay at Lago de Valencia

Hipódromo Nacional de Valencia

Santa Ana, 3156, Trujillo


Valera in Trujillo State, situated between the rivers Momboy and Motatán

Steep climb over La Puerta

Capital Miranda, 3112, Mérida

El Arbolito

La Culata

And down again to land in Merida in the Andes mountains of northwestern Venezuela

Climbing back out of the clouds

Alto de la Cruz, hiking area

Pico Bolivar (16,332ft) the highest mountain in Venezuela, on the left

Previously called La Columna, renamed to Pico Bolivar in 1934

The Bolivar statue is a trick picture, Virgin Mary is a real statue on Pico Espejo (next to Pico Bolivar)

Pico Humboldt (16,207ft) Venezuela’s second highest peak on the left

Laguna El Suero behind Pico Humboldt

Pico Humboldt and Laguna El Suero

Long way down, passing over La Arenosa

Fundo Santa Maria Airport

La Luz, Barinas

Ciudad de Nutrias which translates to Otter City

San Antonio, Barinas

Lush green fields, very flat here

Rio Orinoco

Last stop today at Puerto Carreño Airport

Puerto Carreño, just over the border in Colombia where the Meta river joins the Rio Orinoco

Leg 258, Puerto Carreño, Colombia via Venezuela to Coari, State of Amazonas, Brazil

DAY05_06.PLN (7.5 KB)

To the Amazon, an ocean of green. However, since it’s rain forest, also an ocean of compromised textures mostly covered by clouds. It’s huge with huge rivers flowing through.

05-06 Puerto Carreno SKPC 6:06 AM
05-06 Chivapure SVUF 6:33 AM
05-06 Hato Yavi SVUT 6:48 AM
05-06 Majagua SVVJ 6:51 AM
05-06 Manapiare SVMY 6:58 AM Bad stuttering, memory use increasing, bad terrain quality
05-06 Tavi Tavi SVWL 7:13 AM
05-06 Marueta SVVU 7:24 AM River bumps
05-06 San Juan de Manapiare SVZV 7:29 AM
05-06 Santa Barbara del Amazonas SVOG 7:44 AM
05-06 Maroa SVZL 8:15 AM Trees at end of runway
05-06 San Felipe SVTH 8:39 AM
05-06 San Carlos Rio ■■■■■ SVSC 8:42 AM Bad stuttering, trees plus low clouds, patchy terrain
05-06 Cucui SWKU 9:00 AM Messy terrain quality
05-06 Maturaca SWMK 9:19 AM Poor terrain quality
05-06 Tapuruquara SWTP 9:54 AM
05-06 Barcelos SWBC 10:40 AM Bad stuttering, rain forest, bad terrain quality
05-06 Moura SWOW 11:10 AM
05-06 Eduardo Gomes Intl SBEG 12:05 PM
05-06 Ponta Pelada SBMN 12:12 PM Messy terrain along Amazon River
05-06 Coari SWKO 1:23 PM

Flight time 7:17 19 stops

Early departure from Puerto Carreño


Here comes the sun

Chivapure Airport

Medio Ventuari

Flying out of Majagua

Crossing the Rio Ventuari

Rio Ventuari in Medio Ventuari near Tavi Tavi, Amazonas, Venezuela

Marueta Airport

San Juan de Manapiare Airport

Orinoco River joining the Rio Ventuari

Santa Barbara del Amazonas Airport

Rio Atabapo forming the border between Venezuela and Colombia


Rio Atabapo again, headed back into Venezuala

Comunidad, Amazonas, lightning all day

Rio Temi

Maroa Airport on the Rio ■■■■■

San Felipe, Colombia (left) and San Carlos de Río ■■■■■, Venezuela (right)

The Rio ■■■■■ (black river), or Guainía as it is known in its upper part, is the largest left tributary of the Amazon River and largest blackwater river in the world. The dark color comes from humic acid due to an incomplete breakdown of phenol-containing vegetation from sandy clearings.

Flying out of Maturaca

Tapuruquara ahead

Tapuruquara Airport nicely hidden in the forest

Serving Santa Isabel do Rio ■■■■■


The width of the Rio ■■■■■ at Barcelos

There are those sandy shores

Rio ■■■■■ at Praia Dulumina

Landing at Moura Aiport

Still lightning and intermittent rainfall

Rio ■■■■■ and Lago do Ainum, one of the many lakes formed by the ever changing twists and turns

Manaus, capital of Amazonas where the ■■■■■ River joins the Amazon River

Phelippe Daou bridge crossing the Rio ■■■■■

There is no bridge over the Amazon river here, ferry only

Phelippe Daou bridge, AM-070

Manuas with Mindu Municipal Park in the middle

Amazônia Museum with an observation platform

Landing at Eduardo Gomes Intl Airport in Manaus

Manaus Centro

Ponta Pelada Airport, the water after the point on the right is the Amazon River

Following the Amazon river next, upstream, although not seeing much of it

Igarapé do Anoriaçu river at Anori

Lago do Mureru

A glimpse of the Amazon river in the distance at Codajás

Another glimpse nearing Coari

Last stop today at Coari

Coari Airport

Coari is roughly a little over halfway up the Amazon river

Next leg, following the Amazon river a bit further up before heading towards Ecuador, heading west.

Leg 259, Coari, State of Amazonas, Brazil via Colombia and Peru to Quito, Ecuador

DAY05_07.PLN (7.9 KB)

A lot of rain today, never stopped until getting up in the mountains in Ecuador.

05-07 Coari SWKO 6:19 AM
05-07 Tefe SBTF 6:52 AM
05-07 Japura SBFG 7:49 AM
05-07 Santo Antonio do Ica SBSK 8:21 AM
05-07 Senadora Eunice Michiles SDCG 8:44 AM
05-07 Tabatinga Intl SBTT 9:14 AM
05-07 Alfredo Vasquez Cobo SKLT 9:17 AM
05-07 Caballococha SPBC 9:31 AM No runway, landed in field
05-07 Col Francisco Secada Vignetta SPQT 10:30 AM
05-07 Teniente Bergerie SPID 10:36 AM
05-07 Santa Barbara SPEE 11:07 AM
05-07 El Encanto SPIQ 11:28 AM Bad Stuttering, poor detail, cockpit broken
05-07 Caucaya SKLG 12:12 PM
05-07 Gueppi SPGP 12:24 PM
05-07 Putumayo SEPT 12:41 PM
05-07 3 De Mayo SKAS 1:00 PM
05-07 San Luis SKIP 1:30 PM
05-07 El Rosal-Tcrnel Mantilla SETU 1:35 PM
05-07 Atahualpa SEIB 1:52 PM
05-07 Mariscal Sucre Intl SEQM * 2:07 PM Quito capital
05-07 Mariscal Sucre Intl SEQU 2:18 PM

Flight time 7:59 20 stops

Early start from Coari Airport, damp, light rain, lightning, the stage is set

The sun is up, bit watery

Heading upstream over the Amazon River

Taking a peak above the clouds over State of Amazonas

Tefé Airport

Tefé along the Amazon

Bright up here over Alvarães

Near Fonte Boa

Fonte Boa along the Amazon

Porto Da Baré

Near Japurá, the weather keeps getting worse

Japurá Airport (no wind data here)


Tonantins along the Amazon

Santo Antônio do Içá

Checking what it looks like upstairs over Betania

Landing at São Paulo de Olivença

And up again over Évare II

Approaching Tabatinga

Tabatinga along the Amazon

Turning to land at Aeroporto Internacional de Tabatinga

Ligthning flashes all around

Tabatinga (left) is located in Brazil right next to Leticia which is in Colombia (middle)

In the middle of the river (island) is Santa Rosa de Yavarí which is in Peru (right)

Caballocha Airport, or maybe not

Caballocha, Peru on the Amazon

Las Amazonas, Peru

Indiana District

Belen on the Amazon

Approaching Pampachica

Col Francisco Secada Vignetta Airport

Pampachica, Iquitos, Peru

Landing at Teniente Bergerie Airport in the middle of town (on the left)

Sending the drone up for a bird’s eye view

I’ll be heading North next, leaving the Amazon behind

It does clear up around here

San Antonio del Estrecho along the Rio Putumayo

Rio Putomayo in Amacocha

Caucaya Airport

Serving Puerto Leguízamo, just accross the border (Rio Putomayo) in Colombio

Gueppi Airport, Peru side of the border, next to Colombia and Ecuador

Putamayo Airport in Puerto El Carmen de Putumayo, Ecuador

Landing at Tres de Mayo Airport, Puerto Asís, Putumayo, Colombia

Puerto Asís

Ipiales near the border with Ecuador

San Luis Airport, Colombia

Teniente Coronel Luis A. Mantilla International Airport, Ecuador

Serving Tulcan, behind me now

Atahualpa Airport or rather Skatepark Ibarra, Ibarra, Ecuador

Closes somehwere between 2011 and 2015, last update on AviationSafetyNetwork was in 2013

Imbabura Volcano (15,190ft) inactive stratovolcano (for at least 14,000 years)

Aeropuerto Internacional de Quito serving the capital of Ecuador

Quito, Ecuador’s capital, high in the Andean foothills at an altitude of 9,350ft

Turning to my last stop today, Estadio Rodrigo Paz Delgado below

Last stop today, Bicentenario Park. The old airport I’m landing at closed Februari, 2013

Quito on a nice day

Basílica del Voto Nacional, 19th-century neo-Gothic church

Plaza Grande Changing of the Guard and Monumento a la Independencia

And a peek inside the National Museum of Ecuador

Next leg, visiting the Galapagos Islands.

Leg 260, Quito, Ecuador via Galapagos Islands to Urpay, Peru

DAY05_08.PLN (6.6 KB)

A marathon flight today, from before dawn to dusk. The two long flights from and to the Galapagos islands were done by the good old autopilot, 3.5 hours there and 4 hours back, quite a bit out in the ocean. Then on to Peru, the Andes Mountains are stunning.

05-08 Mariscal Sucre Intl SEQU 5:52 AM
05-08 Km 192 SEKK 6:14 AM
05-08 General Rivadeneira SETN 6:40 AM 644nm next 6 knot tailwind
05-08 Seymour SEGS 10:10 AM Galapagos islands
05-08 Isabela SEII 11:17 AM 603nm next 10 knot headwind
05-08 Jose Joaquin de Olmedo Intl SEGU 3:11 PM Bad stuttering over land
05-08 Taura SETA 3:18 PM
05-08 Coronel Marcelino Mariduena SECN 3:23 PM
Bad stuttering, memory use increasing, G1000 nearby airport function broken, end task, restart
05-08 Coronel Marcelino Mariduena SECN 3:30 PM Tough climb
05-08 Mariscal Lamar SECU 3:53 PM
05-08 Mario Madero Jaramillo SEGZ 4:11 PM Bad stuttering
05-08 Cumbaratza SEBZ 4:29 PM
05-08 Huancabamba SPAB 5:01 PM
05-08 Captain Fap Jose Abelardo Quin SPHI 5:39 PM
05-08 Gen Armando Revoredo Iglesias SPJR 6:12 PM
05-08 Chagual SPGL * 6:46 PM Bad stuttering
05-08 Pias SPIS 6:54 PM Terrible stuttering, memory increasing
05-08 Urpay SPAI 7:16 PM Drone cam landing

Flight time 13:17 16 stops

Ready to depart from Marisal Sucre Intl (or rather Bicentenario Park nowadays)

5 AM local time, completely dark

Climbing up to see the stars

Following the E20 at La Indepencia to my first stop

Km 192 Airport, a dark strip next to the E20

Flying over the Rio Esemeraldas

To Esmeraldas, a coastal city in northwestern Ecuador

Esmeraldas is the major seaport of northwestern Ecuador on the Pacific Ocean

General Rivadeneira Airport

Also known as Aeropuerto Coronel Carlos Concha Torres

On to the Galapagos islands, dawn approaching

The show is over, still a long way to go

The clouds got thicker, hopefully it’s not to bad at the islands

I skipped San Cristóbal Island where the capital of Galápagos Province is located (Puerto Baquerizo Moreno) since Airport Isla San Cristobal is not in the game. That’s usually an indication that terrain quality is very bad. And yep, quick check on Bing maps, it’s all mismatched tiles covered in clouds.

Thus straight to Isla Baltra to land at Seymour Airport aka Aeropuerto de Islas Galápagos

Isla Santa Cruz, the much bigger island right below Isla Baltra

Quite the contrast on the island

Probably not as pronounced in reality, (the land changes color when you zoom in on bing maps)

A shot from higher up through a break in the clouds

Parque Nacional Galápagos on Isla Santa Cruz

Next up Isla Isabela, the seahorse-shaped island, the largest of the Galapagos

Flying north to explore the island, part of the rim of Alcedo Volcano below me

Clearly I need to get much higher to appreciate these volcanos

Volcán Darwin (4,363ft) named after Charles Darwin (1809-1882) who made the Galapagos Islands famous with his 1859 book “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection”

The northern edge of Volcán Darwin, Volcán Wolf in the distance

5km wide, 200m deep caldera of Volcán Darwin

Volcán Wolf (5,600ft) also known as Mount Whiton, highest peak on the Galapagos Islands

Named after German geologist Wolf Jürgen Baron von Engelhardt (1910-2008)

Volcán Ecuador (2,590ft) at Punta Vicente Roca

Heading back south over Fernandina Island

Made by Volcan La Cumbre (4,842ft) the most active volcano of the Galapagos Islands

Latest eruption Januari 2020

Back to Isla Isabela south side where Volcán Cerro Azul (5,541ft) is located

Puerto Villamil, a small port village located on the southeastern edge of Isla Isabela

Aeropuerto de General Villamil

Sights from Puerto Villamil, Wall of Tears aka El Muro de las Lágrimas on the right

Many prisoners died while building this wall between 1945–1959 when the Galapagos islands were used as a penal colony. The wall was never completed and likely only build to punish the inmates.

Some more sights of Isabela Island

Time to head back to the mainland

Isla Tortuga, horseshoe-shaped islet on the way out

3,5 hours later, land in sight, Barrio Monserrate

Estero Balsa fed by the Rio Piedras at Monteverde

Guayaquil, known as a gateway to Pacific beaches and the Galapagos Islands

Turning over the Rio Daule

To land at Aeropuerto Internacional José Joaquín De Olmedo

Malecón 2000 with Parque Seminario in the middle

Heading into the rain over Taura

E40 below winding through Guayas

Coronel Marcelino Mariduena Airport, aka Aerofimig, airstrip along the E40

Cuenca (Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca) in southern Ecuador’s Andes mountains

Aeropuerto Mariscal La Mar

Cuenca on a more sunny day

Mario Madero Jaramillo Airport

Crossing an unknown river in Gualaquiza

Rio Yacuambi

Departing from Cumbaratza, small town along the E45

Steep climb into the mountains at Zamora

Over Numambi

Parque Nacional Podocarpus below, hidden in the clouds

Landing in Huancabamba in Northern Peru

Huancabamba Airport

Climbing up again, over Huarmaca

Maray Pampa

Near Laurel

La Succha

Descending over Carrizal



Aeropuerto Internacional Villa Base in Chiclayo

Cementerio de Saltur


Nueva Arica, heading for trouble

Bolívar District, about to lose visibility again

Over the mountains, appearing out of the clouds again over San Miguel, 06455

San Pablo District

Where Kuntur Wasi is, hillside remains dating back 3,000 years

Laguna San Nicolás in Jesús District, Cajamarca

Rio Cajarmarquino

San Marcos in Northern Peru

Rio Crisnejas in Condebamba

Rio Crisnejas at Jocos

Sitacocha, flying at 14,500ft

Shalcapata in Marcabal

Seeing all those twists and turns reminds me of this documentary, Peru’s deadliest roads


Approaching Chagual Airport

Along the Marañón River

Aerodromo Chagual

Along the canyons to Pias, taking off while it’s getting dark

Pataz Province


Last stop today at Urpay Airport, runway extending from the road on a hill

Leap of faith (or rather high exposure drone cam)

Urpay - Capital

Next leg, visiting the capital of Peru.

Leg 261, Urpay, Peru to Apolo, Bolivia

DAY05_09.PLN (5.8 KB)

High mountain flying today, the Andes mountains are quite intimidating.

05-09 Urpay SPAI 7:13 AM
05-09 Comandante German Arias Grazzi SPHZ 7:40 AM Cockpit broken, no tempurature indication, icing
05-09 Alferez David Figueroa Fernand SPNC 8:33 AM
05-09 Vicco SPVI 9:02 AM 13,460ft
05-09 Jorge Chavez Intl SPJC Lima 9:42 AM capital
05-09 las Palmas SPLP 9:48 AM
05-09 Lib Mandy Metropolitano SPLX 9:56 AM
05-09 Pisco SPSO 10:25 AM
05-09 Subtanjalla SPLH 10:39 AM Nazca Lines 14°44’20.8"S 75°07’47.9"W
05-09 Maria Reiche Neuman SPZA 11:06 AM
05-09 Andahuaylas SPHY 11:55 AM
05-09 Kiteni SPKI 12:27 PM
05-09 Kiteni SPKI 3:31 PM Macho Pichu 13°09’47.6"S 72°32’41.8"W
05-09 Tnte Fap Alejandro Velazco Ast SPZO 4:14 PM
05-09 Tnte Fap Alejandro Velazco Ast SPZO 5:40 PM
05-09 San Rafael SPRF 6:21 PM 14,430ft
05-09 Apolo SLAP 7:07 PM Virtual vision landing

Flight time 7:24 14 stops

Urpay airport in the morning, take off or merge with traffic

I decided to take off

An unknown river in Quiches District

First sign of the sun over Pomabamba

Llumpa, 02289, flying at 16,000ft

Chopicalqui (20,846ft)

Shilla District

AN-107 below and an unnamed river

Nevado Huascarán Sur (22,205ft)

Comandante FAP Germán Arias Graziani Airport aka Anta Airport next to the Rio Santa


Ocshapalca (19,318ft) right next to me and Ranrapalca (20,217ft) ahead


Laguna Perolcha below, flying at 18,000ft

Pucaranra (20,167ft)

San Marcos, 02390

The cockpit stopped working, including the temperature sensor. A couple wispy clouds were enough to end up with icing which nearly brought me down. Luckily I had enough height for a long glide while narrowly missing the mountain ridges.

Antamina mine, one of the largest copper/zinc mines in the world

Presa de Relaves Antamina, lake next to the mine

Llata District

Pachas District, road 102 below


C.p la Esperanza on the Huallaga river

Huánuco in central Peru

180 turn over Puelles park, descending to land

Alferez David Figueroa Fernand Airport

Same thing in reverse to climb back out of the valley


Pallanchacra along the Huallaga River

Lago Chinchaycocha

Alpamarca mine, chasing a deposit of lead, zinc, silver and copper veins

Santa Barbara de Carhuacayan District

Carabayllo District

Following the Rio Chillon to the capital

Lima, the capital of Peru on the country’s arid Pacific coast

Jorge Chavez International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez)

Lima with Park of the Reserve on the right

Cathedral of Lima, build from 1535 to 1649

Peru National Museum

Larco Museum featuring a collection of pre-Columbian artifacts

Flying out over Estadio Olímpico de San Marcos - UNMSM

Lima Golf Club

Subtanjalla Airport much further south near the coast

The Nazca Lines, hundreds of ancient geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert

Sadly, not visible on Bing maps, very faint on Google maps as well

Nazca Lines in Nazca Province

Maria Reiche Neuman Airport

Huasapampa District, up to 16,000ft again, back to the mountains

Chiara District

Turpo District

Andahuaylas Airport, runway at 11,600ft

Laguna de Pacucha

Kaquiabamba District

Choquesafra (16,903ft) in the Vilcabamba mountain range in the Andes

Choquesafra to my right with Quenuaorco in the distance

Quenuaorco (16,076ft)

Vilcabamba District

Down on the left is Vilcabamba archeological site known as the Lost City of the Incas

In the valley on the right is Vitcos, 16th-century residence of Incan nobles & ceremonial center

Kiteni Airport, odd way to make a runway

Tunquipata National Forest

Santa Teresa, 08710

Machu Picchu

Iconic hilltop ruins of a large 15th-century Inca city

Machupicchu District

Huayanay (17,927ft)

Ollantaytambo District

Cusco in the Peruvian Andes, once capital of the Inca Empire

Alejandro Velasco Astete Cusco International Airport

Saylla close to Cusco, later in the afternoon

Nevado Auzangate (20,945ft)

Flying by at 17,500ft


I missed the sunset while landing at San Rafael Airport (runway at 14,430ft) in the shadow of the surrounding mountains and didn’t manage to climb back out of the shadows in time, Antauta

On the horizon, Ritipata (17,552ft), Riti Urmasca (17,060ft) and Chawpi Urqu (15,148ft)

Part of the Apolobamba mountain range in Bolivia

Over Pelechuco, Bolivia

It gets dark so fast here (14 degrees south of the equator)

Last stop today at Apolo Airport

Apolo, La Paz Department, Bolivia

Bolivia is on the menu for the next leg, more high mountain flying and high altitude airports.


I have to say, the level of detail (pictures, flight plans, commentary) on this entire post is remarkable…a huge achievement and I wanted to say thank you. This is inspiring and I will definitely download many of the flight plans to go see these places! Thanks again.

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Thanks! It got a lot, a whole lot bigger than I ever planned. I set out with an 80 day around the world journey in mind, pretty much failed at that goal :smiley: It got so big partly due to the pandemic but mostly to the work Asobo did. Where Bing maps falls behind, the amazing weather system and lighting pick up the slack.

I’ve always had an interest in maps and exploration and have spend plenty time with Google Maps/Earth and street view before FS2020. Combining the two is amazing. FS2020 is like a mind palace to store the whole world in. All the documentaries I’ve watched over the past 40 years fall into place thanks to FS2020.

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Leg 262, Apolo, Bolivia via Peru to Concepcion, Bolivia

DAY05_10.PLN (5.4 KB)

Exploring Bolivia today, more high mountain flying then into the jungle.

05-10 Apolo SLAP 6:37 AM
05-10 Ulla Ulla SLUU 7:02 AM 14,300ft
05-10 Manco Capac Intl SPJL 7:30 AM 12,552ft
05-10 Copacabana SLCC 8:03 AM 12,560ft
05-10 El Alto Intl SLLP 8:28 AM 13,325ft La Paz capital
05-10 Jorge Wilsterman SLCB 9:34 AM Cochabamba
05-10 Bulo Bulo SLBB 10:14 AM
05-10 Viru Viru Intl SLVR 10:41 AM
05-10 El Trompillo SLET 10:47 AM
05-10 Pailon SLPB 11:03 AM
05-10 Canada Larga SLNL 11:07 AM
05-10 Dalmacia SLDL 11:12 AM Bad stuttering
05-10 San Rafael 16°50’31.8"S 60°47’20.1"W 11:46 AM Wrong airstrip, Terrible stuttering, memory increasing
05-10 Concepcion SLCW 11:51 AM 5fps heavy stuttering 25MB RAM in use

Flight time 5:14 13 stops

Departure from Apollo Airport early morning (boosted exposure)

Sunrise over Charazani


Steady climb, high mountains ahead

Qala Phusa (16,024ft) in Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve

Ulla Qhaya (18,428ft)

Slowly climbing out of Ulla Ulla Airport, runway at 14,300ft, I think I can, I think I can

Lake Titicaca in Vilque Chico District, Peru, flying at 16,000ft

Taraco on Lake Titicaca

Incacerca in Titicaca National Reserve

Juliaca in the San Román province of southern Peru

Manco Capac International Airport, runway at 12,552ft

Llachon in Lake Tititcaca

Taquile Island, Huillanopampa

Apparently know for these kind of arches, Arc of Taquile

Copacabana Airport, just over the border in Bolivia, runway at 12,560ft

Copacabana on Lake Titicaca, known for religious festivals and red-roofed houses


El Alto International Airport, runway at 13,170ft

Gateway to La Paz, the highest administrative capital in the world resting on the Andes’ Altiplano plateau

Estadio Libertador Simón Bolívar (Club Bolivar) ahead

Estado Mayor, military base, the red barracks down below

Estadio Olímpico Hernando Siles, the country’s largest sports complex with a capacity of 41,143 seats

Bolognia district below, I’m already climbing to get over the next set of mountains

Flying over Estadio Rafael Mendoza home to The Strongest Club (founded 1908)

Sites of La Paz

The Witches’ Market, known for vendors selling dried llama fetuses & other folk remedies & potions

Valle de La Luna, known for its moonlike landscape

Basílica de San Francisco, monumental 18th-century church

And a peek in the Ethnography Museum

Cerro Mururate (19,262ft) the reason why I had to start climbing straight away

Qutapata (17,388ft) in front / on the left, I’m at 17,500ft, made it

Turning over Estancia Cacapi

Layqa Qullu (20,230ft)

Crossing an unknown river over Apita


Inquisivi, flying at 18,000ft, it feels wrong flying this high!

Tunari Peak (16,480ft) in Tunari National Park

Cochabamba in the center of Bolivia

Accesible by Jorge Wilsterman Airport

Some strange monoliths in the city, one at Santo Domingo Savio (school)

Street view from the crossing at my 10 o’clock confirms it’s definitely not there

Colomi on Corani Lake

Looks so tranquil


Totora, you spelled Totoro wrong. Actually it’s the name of a plant indigenous to the region

The plants are used in parts of Latin America for the construction of reed mats, rafts, and boats

Parque Nacional Carrasco

I’m getting the itch to get the mountain bike out

Bulo Bulo

This I like my airstrips, easy to spot

Unnamed river at Bajío, actually it might be the Río Ancho (name placed 500m away from the river)

Pirai River in Valle Sánchez, these rivers normally have a lot less water

Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia’s commercial center and the capital city of the Santa Cruz department

El Trompillo Airport in the middle of the city

Enjoying Bolivia’s farm country, here at Pailon

Dalmalcia Airport

Cuatro Canadas

Rio San Pablo in San Miguel

Little mistake, I thought that was the airstrip I was looking for

Seems functional enough and also looks like an airstrip on Google maps

But I misjudged the distance on the map, was zoomed out. Always check the scale!

The strip I was looking for, horizontal one ahead

Final stop today in San Rafael Municipality

Called Conception Airport in the game, but that’s 160km northwest from here

Home to Misiones Jesuitas San Rafael, part of the UNESCO Jesuit Missions route

More of Bolivia tomorrow and on to Paraguay.


Leg 263, San Rafael Municipality, Bolivia to Fazenda Guaivira, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

DAY05_11.PLN (12.0 KB)

Exploring western Brazil today, there are a lot of hydro electric dams in the region.

05-11 Concepcion SLCW 6:16 AM
05-11 Santa Teresita SLSE 6:43 AM
05-11 Fazenda Morro Branco SIRV 7:00 AM
05-11 Fazenda Santa Fe SDQV 7:05 AM
05-11 Fazenda Porto do Campo SJLD 7:28 AM Trees at end of runway
05-11 Fazenda Terra do Sol SIQS 7:43 AM
05-11 Fazenda Bocaina SWFO 7:55 AM
05-11 Marechal Rondon Intl SBCY 8:12 AM
05-11 Fazenda Vertente SWVL 8:32 AM
05-11 Fazenda Nossa Senhora Aparecida SWYA 8:44 AM
05-11 Fazenda Colorado SWFC 8:50 AM
05-11 Fazenda Estrela do Sul SNNV 9:11 AM Short runway
05-11 Fazenda Adriana SWYW 9:20 AM
05-11 Alto Araguaia SBKE 9:39 AM
05-11 Fazenda Santa Rita do Araguaia SIFH 9:42 AM
05-11 Fazenda Santa Rita SWRT 9:43 AM
05-11 Fazenda Rio Verde SWVD 10:04 AM
05-11 Fazenda Poruina SJHH 10:13 AM
05-11 Serranopolis SBJT 10:21 AM
05-11 Fazenda Mangue Che II SWKR 10:34 AM
05-11 Fazenda Vitoria SIZI 10:39 AM
05-11 Itaruma SBCU 10:42 AM
05-11 Fazenda Tres Barras SJBZ 10:50 AM
05-11 Paranaiba SSPN 11:05 AM
05-11 Fazenda Sao Martinho SNSX 11:21 AM
05-11 Fazenda Sao Jose SDTX 11:30 AM
05-11 Fazenda Menina SSUY 11:35 AM
05-11 Malibu Confinamento - MC SSBC 11:40 AM
05-11 Tres Lagoas SSTL 11:46 AM
05-11 Fazenda Sao Paulo SSFP 11:58 AM
05-11 Candote SWCC 12:02 PM
05-11 Fazenda Guaivira SNVM 12:14 PM

Flight time 5:58 31 stops

Conception Airport, San Rafael Municipality, ready for departure

Just in time for sun rise

Porto Esperidião, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

Fazenda Santa Fe near Cáceres

Fazenda Porto do Campo, Lambari d’Oeste

Some ripples, in the otherwise flat terrain, near Porto Estrela

Rio Jauquara cutting through

Rosário Oeste

Fazenda Bocaina in Jangada

One of the pretty waterfalls in the area, Cachoeira Serra Azul

Cuiabá, Várzea Grande on the other side of the river

Cuiabá river separating the two

Cuiabá with Parque Mãe Bonifácia (left) and Museu de História Natural De Mato Grosso (right)

Farm land as far as the eye can see in Jaciera

Cachoeira do Prata below on the São Lourenço River

Cachoeira do Prata

Flying out of Fazenda Estrela do Sul in Pedra Preta

No name to be found for the river

Further over Pedra Prata, lot of speed bumps

Farm land on the flat tops

Mineiros, State of Goiás

Martins in Mineiros

Cachoeira do Diogo below in the Rio Verde

Cachoeira do Diogo

UHE Salto CTG Brasil in the Rio verde, one of many

Ilha Solteira Dam holding back Represa de Ilha Solteira

Located in the Paraná River

Quick stop at Fazenda Menina Airport, I don’t often see ground crew on these small strips

Engineer Souza Dias Dam

Located at Três Lagoas

A bit further down the Paraná River

The dam, and color me surprised, I always though those giant rodents were trick photography

They’re Capybaras, a giant cavy rodent native to South America, the largest living rodent in the world. Slightly larger than goats, and apparently quite friendly.

Fun fact: The meat is considered a delicacy. Salt-cured Capybara is consumed during Lent in Venezuela, where the popularity of the dish prompted the Vatican to declare that Capybara isn’t meat but fish.

Last stop today at Fazenda Guaivira Airport

Located in Brasilândia

To Paraguay next leg.


Capybaras are the cutest thing ever, I wish I had room to keep one as a pet!

Leg 264, Fazenda Guaivira, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil via Paraguay to Los Toldos, Salta Province, Argentina

DAY05_12.PLN (9.1 KB)

Paraguay today, then into northern Argentina. Detail is lacking in this area with a lot of cloud patches.

05-12 Fazenda Guaivira SNVM 6:08 AM
05-12 Fazenda Mutum Airstrip SBRS 6:20 AM
05-12 Fazenda Retiro do Cervo I SIMW 6:34 AM
05-12 Fazenda Planalto SDTS 6:44 AM
05-12 Campo Grande Intl SBCG 6:52 AM
05-12 Fazenda Paraiso SSHQ 7:00 AM
05-12 Fazenda Santa Olinda SSUQ 7:07 AM
05-12 Usina Maracaju SJWA 7:22 AM
05-12 Fazenda Volta Grande SSGK 7:25 AM
05-12 Fazenda Itaguassu SSLL 7:47 AM
05-12 Cerro Cora SGPD 7:57 AM
05-12 Tacuati SGTC 8:10 AM
05-12 Tacuati SGTA 8:22 AM
05-12 Nueva Germania SGNE 8:32 AM
05-12 Itacurubi del Rosario SGIA 8:49 AM
05-12 Silvio Pettirossi Intl SGAS 9:13 AM Asuncion capital
05-12 Colonel Alfonso SAPF 9:28 AM Trees at end of runway
05-12 Estancia San Fafael SAIM 9:37 AM
05-12 Alfarez Armando Rodriguez SATK 10:14 AM Stuttering, memory increasing
05-12 El Sauzalito SAPV 10:38 AM Bad stuttering 25GB ram in use, reducing terrain to 10
05-12 Rivadavia SASR 11:02 AM Rio Bermejo is a mess, water doesn’t follow the river
05-12 Salvita SAIP 11:34 AM
05-12 Bermejo SLBJ 11:48 AM
05-12 Santa Victoria SA95 12:11 PM

Flight time 6:03 23 stops

Ready for departure at Fazenda Guaivira Airport

Short hop to Fazenda Mutum Airstrip

And Fazenda Planalto, not really much to see here (in game)

Approaching Campo Grande

Campo Grande in west central Brazil

It’s grand indeed

Landing at Campo Grande International Airport

More Capybaras, the Museum of Cultures Don Bosco (center) and c

I’m glad giant parots are not real!

@bwc1976 I’m still coming to terms with Capybaras, those teeth! This helps

Ok, I’m sold

Moving on, Fazenda Paraiso, getting cloudy



Ponta Porã on the border with Paraguay

Col Estrella, Paraguay

Cerro Corá, Amambay

Estancias Ka’I Memby e Ypane

Itacurubi del Rosario, a town in the San Pedro department of Paraguay

The town has 2 pictures available, these two

Aproaching Asunción, the capital of Paraguay

Silvio Pettirossi International Airport

Palacio de López below along Bahía de Asunción

Palacio de López

The National Pantheon of Heroes and Oratory of the Virgin Our Lady Saint Mary of the Asuncion

A peek in Museo del Barro

And Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de Asunción

Moving on, departing over the Paraguay River

Río Pilcomayo National Park, Argentina

Patiño Department

Bermejo Department, Formosa

Rivadavia Department

Unnamed river near Ponzo Hondo, Salta Province

General José de San Martín


Rio Bermejo flowing by Juntas de San Antonio

Bermejo Airport, Terrones at the tip of a small point of Bolivia sticking into Argentina

Flying towards the mountains from Bermejo

Santa Victoria Department, Argentina

No name available for the river cutting through

Los Toldos, my last stop for the day in the valley ahead

Los Toldos, a village and rural municipality in Salta Province in northwestern Argentina

Santa Victoria Airport (in game, no name on the maps)

Nice place for a break

Heading towards the coast tomorrow with some big copper mines to explore along the way


Leg 265, Los Toldos, Salta Province, Argentina via Bolivia and Chile to Cafayate, Salta Province, Argentina

DAY05_13.PLN (4.8 KB)

I ended up in the same province I departed from yet spend most of the flight in Chile. Some amazing sights, high mountain flying, near game over yet there was plenty salt when I needed it most.

05-13 Santa Victoria SA95 6:23 AM
05-13 Tupiza SLTZ 6:58 AM 11,390ft
05-13 Cerdas SLCS 7:25 AM 12,630ft
05-13 La Joya Andina SLUY 7:40 AM 12,030ft
05-13 Calama SCCZ 8:22 AM 12,150ft Chuquicamata Copper Mine 22°18’32.9"S 68°55’08.3"W
05-13 El Loa SCCF 9:04 AM
05-13 San Pedro De Atacama SCPE 9:23 AM
05-13 Minsal SCSM 9:41 AM
05-13 La Escondida SCLE 10:09 AM Escondida Copper Mine 24°15’54.0"S 69°04’18.0"W
05-13 Taltal SCTF 10:32 AM Cockpit broke again in clouds, map stuck, following road
05-13 Emergency pitstop 25°47’3.31"S 68°50’49.80"W 11:18 AM Salt flat
Restart, plane animations broken, instruments gone, map in/op, can look out through the dashboard…
05-13 25°47’3.31"S 68°50’49.80"W 11:25 AM Put it down first after loading (otherwise starts in the air)
05-13 Cafayate SA02 12:30 PM

Flight time 6:00 11 stops

Early departure from Los Toldos

Padcaya, Bolivia, nicking a corner of Bolivia before entering Chile

Sunrise in Bolivia

Dunas de Tajzara, Nature Preserve

Yunchara, small town in southern Bolivia along an unnamed river and roads

Rio Tupiza in the Tupiza River Valley

Approaching Tupiza Airport

Tupiza Airport, sitting at 11,390ft

Near Mojoncasa

Puente Salo at Mojoncasa crossing an unnamed river, perhaps the Rio Salo?

Higway/route/road 21 using the bridge

Atocha municipality in the Sud Chichas Province in the Potosí Department in Bolivia

Continuation of route 21 below

Atocha, population 2,033 (2001)

Landing at Cerdas, runway at 12,630ft

Uyuni Municipality

Colcha “K” municipality where the Uyuni Salt Flats of Bolivia ara

Uyuni Salt Flats Bolivia

Amazingly beautiful location

Salar Uyuni, chemical plant in the salt flats

Kachi Unu (15,226ft) in the Andes of Bolivia

San Pedro De Quemes municipality

Calama Airport, sitting at 12,150ft

Volcán Ollagüe (19,252ft) stratovolcano with fumarolic activity (peak on the left of me)

The volcano is right on the border between Bolivia and Chile

Alto Loa National Reserve in Chile

Calama, Antofagasta

Volcán San Pedro (20,161ft) a Holocene composite volcano in northern Chile

One of the tallest active volcanoes in the world

Minera Radomiro Tomic, open pit mine that extracts oxide minerals at 9,800ft

Estación Cere, train station below

Chuquicamata Copper Mine, the largest open pit copper mine by excavated volume in the world

Flying on to San Pedro de Atacama

San Pedro de Atacama

San Pedro de Atacama (town) along the Rio San Pedro

San Pedro de Atacama Aerodrome

Valle de la Luna and Museo del Meteorito featuring an expansive collection of meteorites

Ground view from route 23 north to San Pedro de Atacama

SQM SALAR, mining caliche ore and brines, producing lithium and other nitrates

Onwards to La Escondida


Estación Zaldivar at Minera Zaldivar, open pit heap-leach copper mine

Escondida Copper Mine (Mina Escondida) currently the highest producing copper mine in the world

Heading to Taltal next


Taking off from Taltal airport, trouble ahead

My planned route takes me straight over those mountains to Cafayate

However, I didn’t make it over, the slightest wisp of cloud had my plane ice up in an instant

Not that there was a way throug, but I had hoped to gain more height first

Now stuck with a ceiling of 14,000ft at the most, I tried following a road through Diego de Almagro

To make matters worse, plane animations stopped working in the cloud, as well as the dashboard. The map was stuck at a zoomed out level, so I could not see where there might be a gap, to squeeze through the mountains.

Following the road was a bust, it went too high for me to follow, driven south along the mountain ridge

Not getting anywhere for over half an hour I decided to make an emergency landing to scrape the ice off

As you can see, plane animations are not working at all. However this nice salt flat was not only good for landing, salt is also good for melting ice! (probably not so good for the plane…)

After rebooting the plane (restarting the game to fix the broken cockpit), loading the coordinates where I landed and using slew mode to place the plane on the ground, ready to take off again, ice free.

Still not that easy at 10K ft and it took a couple circles to climb out of the valley

Onwards to Cafayate, made it out the valley

Antofagasta de la Sierra Department, Catamarca Province, Argentina

Flying at 19,600ft, Las Fumerolas below

Las Fumerolas, 80c water coming out of the ground

Departamento Molinos, Argentina

San Carlos, Salta Province

Cafayate in northwest Argentina in the Calchaquí Valleys

Cafayate Airport on the Rio Chuscha

Last stop today, made it thanks to a bit of improvisation

Next leg, crossing the Andes again of course, back to Chile, and then…


Leg 266, Cafayate, Salta Province, Argentina to San Félix Island, Desventuradas Islands, Chile

DAY05_14.PLN (4.9 KB)

Crossing the Andes again. The highest crossing yet, getting the Bonanza up over 20,000ft. Then out onto the South Pacific to the Desventuradas Islands.

05-14 Cafayate SA02 6:27 AM
05-14 Tafi Viejo SA00 6:45 AM
05-14 Benjamin Matienzo SANT 6:58 AM
05-14 Los Tucanes SABV 7:04 AM
05-14 Concepcion SAFH 7:15 AM
05-14 Andalgala SA35 7:32 AM
05-14 Belen SA44 7:49 AM
05-14 Fiambala SA46 8:04 AM
05-14 Diego de Almagro SCDE 8:54 AM
05-14 Chamonate SCHA 9:15 AM
05-14 Caldera SCCL 9:23 AM 501nm next
05-14 Isla San Felix SCFX 12:11 PM

Flight time 5:44 11 stops

Cafayate Airport before dawn, ready to depart

Cafayate glowing behing me

Trancas Department, climbing over the foothills

Tafi Viejo Airport, no name on the map, nothing nearby, strip in the middle of nowhere

Sunrise over Tafí Viejo Department

Tafí Viejo, located in the Province of Tucumán

San Miguel de Tucumán, the capital city of Tucumán province

Benjamin Matienzo Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional Teniente Benjamin Matienzo)

From left to right, Casa de Gobierno de Tucumán (government house) from the 1900s, Museo Casa Histórica de Tucumán, Museo Casa Padilla and Catedral de Tucumán (founded in the 16th century)

Los Tucanes Airport

Monteros Department

Chicligasta Department

Andalgalá Department

Agua de las Palomas

Villa Vil, Catamarca Province along an unnamed river and road

Andalgalá Airport


Av Virgen del Carmen, the road below

Rio Talamayo flowing through Belén Department

Belén, a small town in the province of Catamarca on the Rio Belén

Belén Airport

Virgen de Belen watching over the town on the right

Tinogasta Department, time to start climbing

Fiambalá, a town in the department of Tinogasta

Fiambalá Airport

Rio de Apocango

Further over Tinogasta Department, currently at 14,900ft and climbing

Ojos del Salado (22,615ft) is int the way, I’m at 19,350ft

The highest active volcano in the world, too high for me

Tracking around the northern side of the volcano over Copiapo, I’m at 19,700ft

19,760ft, IAS just under 90 knots, not much climb left

Made it to 20,360ft, Ojos del Salado to the left behind me

Salar de Maricunga, Copiapo, Atacama, Chile

On to Chamonate, downhill from here

Carrera Pinto

Carpa Numero Cuatro

Taking off from Chamonate Airport

One more stop before heading out over the Pacific, to Caldera

Very dry on this side of the mountains

Caldera, a port city in the Atacama region of northern Chile

Bahía Inglesa behind me as I wave the mainland goodbye

Very peaceful flight to the Desventuradas Islands (Unfortunate islands)

Isla de San Ambrosio, small island, actually the biggest of the group

Not very landable

San Félix island hosts the airstrip

Isla San Felix Airport

The islands of San Ambrosio and San Félix lie amid some of the most pristine waters in the eastern Pacific, home to Juan Fernández fur seals. Twenty-five meters below the surface, on the dark face of a volcanic rock, long-spined sea urchins cling and feed by the thousands

Next leg, the longest flight I have yet attempted. To Easter Island, 1569nm there, then 1619nm back to Robinson Crusoe Island. Back will be easier as the wind generally comes from the west here. I actually set out straight away after finishing this leg, restarted the game and go. So far so good, as of now a bit under 5 hours to go. It just got dark with a bit of rain and thunder while battling an 18 knot headwind. Time to check the fuel again, the wind keeps getting stronger.

Leg 267, San Félix Island, Desventuradas Islands via Easter Island to Robinson Crusoe Island, Chile

DAY05_15.PLN (1.9 KB)

Two very long flights, Easter island is very isolated but worth a visit. Also very useful for a Pacific Ocean crossing, making the longest single stretch needed 1,569nm. (I was actually closer to Easter Island on March 5t, at Totegie NTGJ 1,402nm from Easter Island) The Bonanza should not be able to make it, but with extreme fuel leaning, the sim version can.

05-14 Isla San Felix SCFX 12:18 PM 1569nm next > 21.2 nmpg 15% mixture 7,000 ft
7,000ft 15.7% 2520rpm 52F IAS 111 TAS 124 GS 123 1552nm 37.73
7,000ft 15.7% 2520rpm 41F IAS 110 TAS 123 GS 131 1265nm 26.17 24.83nmpg
7,000ft 16.5% 2520rpm 41F IAS 121 TAS 135 GS 143 1261nm 40.00 ETE 529 ETA 11:35 PM
7,000ft 16.5% 2520rpm 41F IAS 122 TAS 135 GS 133 881nm 23.54 ETE 398 ETA 12:10 AM 23.09nmpg
5,000ft 16.5% 2520rpm 48F IAS 117 TAS 126 GS 120 713nm 15.92 ETE 356 ETA 12:49 AM 22.05nmpg
5,000ft 17.3% 2520rpm 48F IAS 127 TAS 137 GS 130 697nm 25.26 ETE 321 ETA 12:21 AM
5,000ft 17.3% 2520rpm 49F IAS 127 TAS 137 GS 123 537nm 17.49 ETE 262 ETA 12:38 AM 20.59nmpg
5,000ft 17.0% 2520rpm 46F IAS 124 TAS 134 GS 130 359nm 9.48 ETE 165 ETA 12:17 AM 22.22nmpg
5,000ft 17.3% 2520rpm 46F IAS 128 TAS 138 GS 135 226nm 3.06 ETE 100 ETA 12:25 AM 20.72nmpg
5,000ft 17.7% 2520rpm 46F IAS 132 TAS 142 GS 140 219nm 15.63 ETE 94 ETA 12:22 AM
5,000ft 17.7% 2520rpm 44F IAS 132 TAS 142 GS 139 51nm 7.52 ETE 22 ETA 12:22 AM 20.72nmpg
05-15 Mataveri Intl SCIP 12:22 AM
Flight time 12:04 Fuel used 71.63 gallons avg speed 130.0 avg 21.90 nmpg
05-15 Mataveri Intl SCIP 10:06 AM
05-15 Mataveri Intl SCIP 10:31 AM 1619nm next > 21.9 nmpg 15% mixture 7,000 ft
8,000ft 16.0% 2513rpm 35F IAS 118 TAS 133 GS 139 1593nm 37.16 ETE 684 ETA 10:10 PM
8,000ft 16.0% 2513rpm 34F IAS 119 TAS 133 GS 143 1383nm 28.38 ETE 579 ETA 9:53 PM 23.92 nmpg
8,000ft 16.0% 2513rpm 32F IAS 119 TAS 134 GS 151 1132nm 18.37 ETE 449 ETA 9:25 PM 25.07nmpg
7,000ft 16.5% 2513rpm 36F IAS 122 TAS 135 GS 148 1100nm 40.00 ETE 447 ETA 9:36 PM
7,000ft 16.5% 2513rpm 40F IAS 123 TAS 137 GS 149 541nm 17.51 ETE 218 ETA 9:32 PM 24.86nmpg
9,000ft 17.0% 2513rpm 35F IAS 129 TAS 148 GS 158 480nm 14.68 ETE 181 ETA 9:19 PM 21.55nmpg
9,000ft 17.0% 2513rpm 34F IAS 129 TAS 148 GS 155 240nm 3.24 ETE 93 ETA 9:24 PM 20.98nmpg
8,000ft 17.0% 2513rpm 35F IAS 131 TAS 147 GS 153 201nm 15.52 ETE 80 ETA 9:26 PM
8,000ft 17.0% 2513rpm 38F IAS 130 TAS 147 GS 153 44nm 8.13 ETE 19 ETA 9:26 PM 21.24nmpg
05-15 Robinson Crusoe SCIR 9:27 PM
Flight time 11:21 Fuel used 70.57 gallons avg speed 142.6 avg 22.94 nmpg

Total flight time 24:08 2 stops

Ready to depart from Isla San Felix, 12:11 PM

It really is a very small and barren island

Waving the Desventuradas Islands Islands goodbye

12:55 PM Settled in for the long flight, 7,000ft cruising altitude, safe from icing

Slight headwind, nearly 15 hours endurance, 122 knot ground speed, nearly 13 hour flight

2:46 PM Checking in about 2 hours later, time to switch fuel tanks. The wind changed, now pushing me along, also driving up the mileage to 24.83 nmpg. I can afford to go a bit faster. After increasing the mixture, now traveling at 143 knot ground speed, 1,261nm 8h49 to go ETA 11:35 PM

5:31 PM Nice progression, although the wind turned back against me a bit

Ground speed fell to 133 knots, still 23.09 nmpg over the past stretch. Above target.
881nm to go, ETE 6h38 ETA 12:10 AM

However the weather started changing, turbulence ahead

I decided to descend to get under the clouds instead of risking icing

More squeezing in between the clouds

I’m still hitting patches of turbulence dropping my speed by 10%

Descended to 5,000ft to stay there for the rest of the flight

7:02 PM time to switch fuel tanks again, headwind picked up a little bit

Thanks to the slight headwind I slowed down to 120 knots ground speed. The mileage for the past stretch was still 22.09 nmpg. I can afford to increase the mixture a bit further to push back, increasing ground speed back up to 130 knots. 697nm to go, ETE 5h21, ETA 12:21 AM

The clouds keep getting thicker

With the occasional bit of rain

All that turbulence and increasing headwind causes more slow down

Watery sunset

It’s still bright up there

Getting dark in here

537nm to go, ETE 4h26 ETA up to 12:38 AM thanks to a 14 knot headwind component

The weather does show signs of settling down

But still the occasional patch of rain

The weather settled down later in the evening, clear skies on approach to Easter Island

The wind died down, ETA went down to 12:25 AM

There she is, Easter Island

Approaching the airport, pretty easy nearly straight in landing, well lit

12:22 AM arrived after 12h04 air time, average ground speed 130 knots, 71.63 gallons used (21.9 nmpg)

After a good rest, waiting for sun rise to explore the island

10 AM, the sun peaks above the clouds (6 AM local time) time to head out

Hanga Roa, the main town, harbour and seat of Easter Island

Rapa Nui Parque Nacional, 17,000-acre national parkland

Well known for the 887 giant stone moai statues (moai means statue in Rapa Nui)

Volcán Poike, part of the caldera forming the coast on the left, the oldest volcano on the island

Easter Island seen from the east side

Ahu Tongariki (left) featuring 15 of Easter Island’s legendary moai along the southeast coast

Orongo at Rano Kau, ruined village build in the 18th century

View from Mirador Rano Kau, dormant volcano that forms the southwestern headland of Easter Island

Orongo, dwellings build into the ground

Back to the airport to top up fuel

10:31 AM, course set, plane configured, ready to depart

Leaving Easter Island behind, heading to Robinson Crusoe Island, 1,619nm flight

10:43 AM cruising at 8,000ft with a slight tailwind

Preliminary estimate with 1,593nm to go, ETE 11h24, ETA 10:10 PM

12:13 PM 1,383 nm to go, ground speed increased to 143 knots

Thanks to the wind picking up, ETA down to 9:53 PM

It got even better, my ground speed increased to 151 knots (18 knot push) driving the mileage up to 25 nmpg and ETA down to 9:25 PM. However the temperature started going down (32F) and trouble was brewing, so decided to go down a bit, to 7,000ft

2:09 PM I increased the mixture a bit, yet lost a bit of push flying lower, ETA now 9:36 PM

I headed out for a bike ride after switching to the full tank, and apparently had some turbulence in my absence. The wind picked up as well, cancelling out the slow down from turbulence, ETA 9:32 PM

The air warmed up as well, climbing to 9,000ft, bit richer mixture as well

6:17 PM cruising at 9,000ft, ground speed 158 (10 knot push), ETA 9:19

Back home in time to enjoy the virtual sunset

8;05 PM stepped down to 8,000ft as the air was cooling down. ETA 9:26 wind dying down as well

Still above the clouds, making good time

9:08 PM right before starting my descent. 44nm to go, ETA still 9:26

It was very dark, not a single light to be seen on the island. Virtual vision landing it is

Oddly there is a slight bend in the runway

9:27 PM Arrived at Robinson Crusoe Island. Someone is coming to check out who’s making all that noise

Flight time 11:21 Fuel used 70.57 gallons, avg speed 142.6 knots, avg mileage 22.94 nmpg

TIme for a good nights rest and check out the island in the morning.

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Very challenging flying! I haven’t had the time to try anything yet that really pushed my fuel capacity.

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I learned a lot over time, to think I struggled with a 756nm leg and ended up landing short of the runway, out of fuel. I was still using auto mixture back then and flew too high getting iced up, twice.

Just over an hour to go still, no lights on the runway and not a lot of moonlight. Will be fun!

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Leg 268, Robinson Crusoe Island, Chile to Limay Mahuida, La Pampa, Argentina

DAY05_16.PLN (9.6 KB)

Back to the mainland, to cross the Andes mountains another three times. Addicted to mountain crossings!

05-16 Robinson Crusoe SCIR 7:59 AM 366nm next
05-16 San Geronimo SCSG 10:14 AM
05-16 El Tapihue SCTW 10:20 AM marker in the wrong place
05-16 Vinamar SCVA 10:22 AM
05-16 Curacavi SCCV 10:28 AM
05-16 Arturo Merino Benitez Intl SCEL 10:37 AM Santiago capital
05-16 Eulogio Sanchez SCTB 10:46 AM
05-16 Uspallata SAMU 11:23 AM
05-16 Mendoza Airpark SAMQ 11:36 AM
05-16 Aeroclub San Martin SATP 11:44 AM
05-16 Aerotec SARD 11:49 AM
05-16 Rivadavia SARK 11:51 AM
05-16 San Carlos SAMS 12:08 PM Too short
05-16 La Consulta SALC 12:14 PM
05-16 La Consulta SALC 2:22 PM
05-16 San Fernando SCSD 3:04 PM
05-16 La Puerta SCPT 3:12 PM
05-16 Palo Alto SCAO 3:19 PM
05-16 Torca SCLI 3:28 PM
05-16 San Damian SCDM 3:32 PM
05-16 Quivolgo SCCT 3:42 PM
05-16 Santa Maria de Mingre SCMG 3:53 PM
05-16 San Javier SCSJ 4:00 PM
05-16 Panimavida SCIV 4:08 PM Tree at end of runway
05-16 Malargue SAMM 4:43 PM Provincial Reserve La Payunia 36°25’01.1"S 69°12’34.7"W
05-16 Confluencia SABC 5:16 PM
05-16 Lima Mahuida SAOZ 6:07 PM

Flight time 7:58 25 stops

Robinson Crusoe Airport, early morning

Time to check out the island(s)

Although the island was (re)named after the book in 1966 (originally “Más a Tierra”) the island in the story bears little resemblance to Robinson Crusoe island. Daniel Defoe’s famous novel was inspired by the true story of an 18th Century castaway, thought to be Alexander Selkirk (1676-1721), a Scottish privateer and Royal Navy officer who lived for four years and four months on the island (1704-1709)

Time for the sun to rise, hopefully one day that horizon glitch will be fixed

San Juan Bautista, the main town in the Juan Fernández Islands of Chile

San Juan Bautista, Fuerte Santa Barbara on the left

Heading back to the mainland

Full speed ahead 366nm

Making landfall at Algarrobo

A coastal resort town in central Chile


Estero Puangue at Curacavi

Arturo Merino Benítez Airport serving Santiago, the capital of Chile

Located in a valley surrounded by the snow-capped Andes and the Chilean Coast Range

Mopocho river flowing through the center

Club Hípico de Santiago and O’Higgins Park

Estadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos, built in 1938

Next to the stadium, Pista Atletica Estadio Nacional, and below Velódromo Estadio Nacional

Landing at Aerodromo Tobalaba - Eulogio Sanchez

San Cristóbal Hill and the view from Sky Costanera

Museum of Memory and Human Rights

Commemorating the victims of human rights violations committed from 1973 to 1990 during the civic-military regime led by Augusto Pinochet

National Museum of Fine Arts

That center picture makes me think of ST TOS episode “Who Mourns for Adonais” so maybe it’s Apollo

Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino

Heading into the Andes, Cerro El Plomo (17,783ft)

Formidable obstacle

San Jose de Maipo, Santiago Metropolitan Region

Nevado del Plomo (19,910ft) on the left, I’m at 18,400ft

Luján de Cuyo Department in the northwest of Mendoza Province in Argentina

Rio Mendoza in the valley underneath me

Flying out of Uspallata, an Andean town near the Chilean border

Las Heras Department

Landing at Mendoza Airpark

Stop 'n go

Further over Mendoza, located in Argentina’s Cuyo region and the heart of Argentina’s wine country

Rivadavia Department, Mendoza Province

San Carlos ‘Airport’ proved to be a bit too short, approached too fast

Checking the coordinates on Google and Bing, no trace of any airstrip…

I got her off the ground again, not an airport

La Consulta Airport, a real airstrip

After a couple hours break, heading on over Tunuyán Department

San Carlos Department

Laguna Diamante

With Volcán Maipo (17,270ft)

Another shot of Volcán Maipo (on the left) now back in Chile

Picos de Barroso (16,995ft)

From the other side


San Fernando, the capital of the province of Colchagua, in central Chile, close to the Tinguiririca River

Santa Cruz, O’Higgins

Landing at Aeródromo Torca along Laguna de Torca

Lago Vichuquén next to the Pacific Ocean

Dunas de Putu

I’ve been called puta a lot in GT Sport, Putu is a small town close to the dunes.

Constitución in Talca Province, Maule Region where the Maule River flows into the Pacific

Piedra del Elefante at Constitución

Aerodromo San Javier along highway 5

Estero Machicura, irrigation canal fed by the Maule river and Central Hidroeléctrica Colbún

Quite an interesting bit of engineering

I took the screenshot from the white arrow. The blue line is a tunnel feeding water from the upper reservoir via one of two power stations to the lower reservoir, then through the canal feeding more farms back to the Maule river on the top left.

Third time over the mountains, Volcán Quizapú (12,428ft) and Descabezado Grande (12,969ft)

Laguna de la Invernada behind me on the left, my right

Calabozos (11,509ft) on the left

Malargue a city in Argentina’s Mendoza province, currently in the clouds

Malargue Airport

Here you can check out Volcan Malacara from the inside

Malargüe Department

Payún Matrú (12,188ft)

In the Provincial Reserve La Payunia

Confluencia Airport

One more flight, running out of light

Landing at Lima Mahuida, La Pampa, Argentina

Lima Mahuida Airport

Further south tomorrow. I’m at 37 degrees currently, days will be getting shorter the further south I go. Antarctica is on my list, but it will be a rather dark visit when I get there.

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