Those Dash 7’s are beasts! You don’t see many four-engine prop planes any more besides the C-130 Hercules. Also had no idea there were so many churches somewhere that has so few people, that’s awesome.
Leg 274, Base Belgrano II to Neumayer III skiway, Antarctica
DAY05_22.PLN (2.6 KB)
Another dark leg, exploring Antarctica in winter time. It’s a fascinating continent, very big as well
FS2020 only has Belgrano II (Coats Land) and McMurdo (Ross Ice Shelf) included. There is no terrain at all from about 85 degrees and as far as 72 degrees elevation data goes missing. The rest still has the correct base height but is as flat as a pool table. It gets up to 12,500ft at Dome Fuji! I didn’t go to Dome Fuji, visited a couple research stations closer to mapped areas.
05-22 Base Belgrano II SAYB 7:49 AM 175nm next
05-22 Halley Skiway 75°34’54.0"S 26°32’28.2"W 8:50 AM 403nm next
Propeller level stuck on minimum, no clue why, no power to take off, restart
05-22 Halley Skiway 75°34’54.0"S 26°32’28.2"W 8:57 AM 403nm next
05-22 Kohnen Skiway 75°0′6.88″S, 0°3′59.83″E 11:20 AM 9,550ft 187nm next
05-22 Troll Airfield 71°57′19.4″S, 2°28′2.63″E 12:27 PM 4,010ft 100nm next
05-22 SANAE IV Skiway 71°40′20.58″S, 2°49′29.48″W 1:04 PM 2,670ft 122nm next
05-22 Neumayer III skiway 70°38′6.74″S, 8°15′48.74″W 1:47 PM CTD on end flight
Flight time 5:51 5 stops
Full year base for continuous, long-term monitoring series in meteorology, radiation, atmosphere, upper atmosphere, environmental toxins and seismology
It looks like different teams visit each other often
They’re monitoring neutrinos there
Neumayer III station, a German Antarctic research station of the Alfred-Wegener-Institut
The station is moving with the shelf ice at about 200 meters per year towards the open sea. Hydraulic lifting feet prevent new snow from causing the platform to sink
That was my final stop for today, next flight requires a bit of timing (departure 1AM) to fly to the Falkland islands via South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. It’s going to be a long one.
No sunlight today, although I could have caught the sun at Neumayer III. In the air only though, it says down all day since May 21st. At 8:30 AM my time the sun should have been visible above the horizon higher up in the air. The sun returns here on July 23rd.
Antarctica is very interesting to explore. I would love to go back after an Antarctic world update.
275, Neumayer III skiway, Antarctica via South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands to Stanley, Falkland Islands
DAY05_23.PLN (1.8 KB)
Two long flights with an improvised refueling stop at Grytviken, South Georgia Island. (There are no airports on the entire island chain) The bay was already frozen, fine to land on and I had pre-ordered 80 gallons of fuel off Amazon to be delivered in port ahead of time
05-23 Neumayer III skiway 70°38′6.74″S, 8°15′48.74″W 1:54 AM 1279nm next
7,000ft 16.0% 2515rpm -1F IAS 111 TAS 121 GS 147 ETA (Montegu) 7:46 AM
FLC mode 111, climb to infinite, hopefully speed stays up if icing happens in the night
17,980ft 16.0% 2516rpm -20F IAS 111 TAS 147 GS 164 ETA (Montegu) 7:04 AM (ETE 22)
Reduce mixtue to descend to see Montegu island
Montagu Island 58°26’04.5"S 26°20’05.6"W 860nm + 419nm
7,000ft 20.0% 2516rpm 22F IAS 146 TAS 162 GS 160 ETA (Grytviken) 9:51 AM
05-23 Grytviken 54°16’52.7"S 36°30’28.5"W 9:56 AM 780nm next
Flight time 8h31 Fuel used 67.78 avg 150.2 knots avg 18.87 nmpg
12,000ft 30.0% 2440rpm 7F IAS 143 TAS 169 GS 196 ETA 2:02 PM
05-23 Stanley SFAL capital 2:12 PM
Flight time 12:18 2 stops
I set the fuel mixture to 16%, 2515 rpm (prop 93%) which gave me an IAS of 111. GS 147 thanks to a strong half tailwind. Icing is a big risk of course so I set altitude far out of range (30K ft) and activated FLC mode to ‘climb’ at 111 knots, thus staying at the same level.
The idea is that if the plane ices up, FLC mode will lose altitude to maintain speed. Actually it tries to maintain the same altitude until the speed drops too low, then AP pushes the nose down to prevent a stall. It will do this in altitude hold mode as well, the difference is, in altitude hold mode it keeps trying to steeply climb back to the assigned altitude, causing worse and worse near stalls until you’re in the ocean. FLC mode stops climbing when speed drops below the assigned value. More stable, much higher chance at surviving the night while sleeping.
The other extreme happened, when I checked in early morning (6:45 AM) I found my plane at nearly 18,000ft. I guess as the plane got lighter (less fuel) it started gaining altitude. And by gaining altitude, the fuel mixture started getting closer to ‘power’ level. (Heavily leaned for 7,000ft). Thus the engine kept gaining power by climbing due to the plane getting lighter.
Gytviken is home to Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton’s grave (1874-1922) An Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration
Stanley, the capital of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
The Falkland Islands are a self-governing British Overseas Territory, disputed by Argentina
Tomorrow, back to Argentina after exploring the Falkland Islands. The long trip home has begun. 10,760 km to go, but I’ll make a lot of zigs and zags as usual on the way back up.
Leg 276, Stanley, Falkland Islands to Puerto Deseado, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina
DAY05_24.PLN (9.6 KB)
The Falkland islands are hit and miss in game, very pretty in real life. Same for the east coast in southern Argentina. The marine life is amazing in this part of the world.
05-24 Stanley SFAL 7:49 AM
05-24 Mount Pleasant EGYP 7:57 AM
05-24 Lively Island SFSS 8:02 AM
05-24 Stanley SFTI 8:07 AM
05-24 Bleaker Island SFSX 8:12 AM
05-24 Sea Lion Lodge Airstrip SFSN 8:18 AM
05-24 Sea Lion Island Airstrip SFTD 8:21 AM
05-24 George Island SFSU 8:29 AM
05-24 Speedwell Island SFSW 8:34 AM
05-24 Fox Bay East Airstrip SFTE 8:42 AM
05-24 Fox Bay Clay Airstrip SFST 8:44 AM
05-24 Chartres SFSO 8:49 AM
05-24 Hill Cove SFSM 8:56 AM
05-24 Saunders Island Landing Strip SFSF 9:01 AM
05-24 Carcass Island Landing Strip SFSG 9:09 AM Unclear runway
05-24 West Point Island Landing Strip SFSL 9:13 AM Unclear runway
05-24 New Island SFSP 9:25 AM
05-24 Santa Cruz SAWU 11:16 AM 35 knot wind
05-24 Comandante Luis Piedrabuena SA33 11:22 AM 29 knot headwind
05-24 Gobernador Gregores SAWR 11:56 AM
05-24 San Julian SAQN 12:26 PM
05-24 Tres Cerros SAYG 12:35 PM
05-24 Bahia Laura SAPK 12:53 PM
05-24 Puerto Deseado SA63 1:09 PM
05-24 Puerto Deseado SAWD 1:11 PM
05-24 Puerto Deseado West SA19 1:13 PM
Flight time 5:24 25 stops
I’m not sure if I’m on the right airstrip, it’s probably one of the other straight sections
Yep, checking on Google I landed on a patch of dirt, the white paint markers are on the other two with the marker somewhere between the three.
Further up along the coast tomorrow, towards Buenos Aires. Still a long way from here.
Leg 277, Puerto Deseado, Santa Cruz Province to Las Grutas, Rio ■■■■■, Argentina
DAY05_25.PLN (9.0 KB)
Back up along the same departments as I went down, except on the east coast. Totally different landscape. It actually feels a bit like flying over Fallout 3, lot of browns.
05-25 Puerto Deseado West SA19 7:56 AM
05-25 Puerto Deseado SA62 8:02 AM
05-25 Puerto Deseado SA61 8:16 AM
05-25 Caleta Olivia SA31 8:19 AM
05-25 Fitz Roy SAKJ 8:26 AM
05-25 Canadon Seco CDS 8:40 AM
05-25 Caleta Olivia SAQW 8:47 AM
05-25 13 De Diciembre SARA 9:02 AM
05-25 Gen Enrique Mosconi Intl SAVC 9:08 AM
05-25 Sarmiento SAQQ 9:22 AM
05-25 Colonia Sarmiento SAUT 9:35 AM
05-25 Lago Musters SAVM 9:37 AM
05-25 Las Plumas Filed SAOO 10:31 AM
05-25 Dique Florentino Ameghino SAPQ 10:45 AM
05-25 Dolavon SA45 11:01 AM
05-25 Trelew Aeroclub SA34 11:10 AM
05-25 Almirante Zar SAVT 11:12 AM
05-25 Rawson SARW 11:17 AM
05-25 Punta Delgada Field SAPO 11:41 AM
05-25 Caleta Valdes Field SAPM 11:49 AM
05-25 Puerto Piramides SAPT 12:00 PM
05-25 Bahia Dorada SATT 12:21 PM
05-25 Sierra Grande SA91 12:27 PM
05-25 Antoine De Saint Exupery SAVN 12:49 PM
Flight time 4:53 23 stops
Good place to end today’s leg. Time flies. Heading up further towards Buenos Aires tomorrow, more of Argentina to discover.
Leg 278, Las Grutas, Rio ■■■■■ to Frias, Santiago del Estero Province, Argentina
DAY05_26.PLN (7.3 KB)
Lovely day today in Argentina, if live weather was accurate. Heading up straight north, farm country mostly with some nice surprises.
05-26 Puerto San Antonio Este Airstrip SAYN 7:52 AM
05-26 Reserve Caleta de los Loros Airstrip SA92 8:04 AM
05-26 Gobernador Castello SAVV 8:22 AM
05-26 Stroeder SAFD 8:37 AM
05-26 Punta Alta SA64 8:51 AM
05-26 Bahia Blanca Aeroclub SABA 9:14 AM
05-26 Darregueira SAGT 9:38 AM
05-26 Macachin SA49 9:52 AM
05-26 Santa Rosa SAZR 10:07 AM
05-26 Eduardo Castex SAEU 10:24 AM
05-26 Huinca Renanco SAHU 10:44 AM
05-26 Martin Fierro SAVK 11:02 AM
05-26 Rio Cuarto Aeroclub SA17 11:21 AM
05-26 Area De Material SAOC 11:25 AM
05-26 Villa Rumipal SAXA 11:49 AM
05-26 Villa General Belgrano SAWW 11:56 AM
05-26 Mina Clavero SAMX 12:12 PM
05-26 Villa De Soto SACS Salinas Grandes 12:32 PM Trees at end of runway
05-26 Frias FRS Lago Salinas de Ambargasta 1:25 PM
Flight time 5:33 18 stops
This was the last detour before Buenos Aires, tomorrow I’ll get there for sure! (probably)
Leg 279, Frias, Santiago del Estero Province, Argentina to La Calera, Lavalleja Department, Uruguay
DAY05_27.PLN (13.4 KB)
Saying goodbye to Argentina via the capital, Buenos Aires, then into Uraguay.
05-27 Frias FRS 6:58 AM Lago Salinas de Ambargasta
05-27 Sebastian Elcano SA96 7:50 AM
05-27 Campo San Jose SAOW 8:11 AM
05-27 Sunchales Aeroclub SATW 8:22 AM
05-27 Anibal Brizi SAES 8:37 AM
05-27 Esperanza SAEP 8:39 AM
05-27 Sauce Viejo SAAV 8:45 AM
05-27 Diamante SAEG 8:55 AM
05-27 Terminal 6 SASW 9:09 AM
05-27 Pettilep II SAHM 9:13 AM
05-27 Don Jose SAFA 9:15 AM
05-27 Rosario/Islas Malvinas SAAR 9:17 AM
05-27 Alvear Aeroparque SAGO 9:23 AM
05-27 Pueblo Esther SAHB 9:25 AM
05-27 Acindar SAVU 9:32 AM
05-27 San Nicolas De Los Arroyos SNY 9:36 AM
05-27 El Girasol SAUE 9:46 AM
05-27 San Pedro SAVO 9:49 AM
05-27 Baradero SABD 9:56 AM
05-27 Buenos Aires SABO 9:58 AM
05-27 Zarate SAZC 10:07 AM
05-27 Belen De Escobar SABS 10:17 AM
05-27 San Fernando Intl SADF 10:23 AM Buneos Aires capital
Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti 34°32’43"S 58°26’59"W
05-27 Jorge Newbery Aeroparque SABE 10:41 AM
05-27 Matanza SADZ 10:49 AM
05-27 Ezeiza Intl Ministro Pistarini SAEZ 10:52 AM
05-27 La Caida SAFN 10:58 AM
05-27 Tolosa SALY 11:08 AM Trees at end of runway
05-27 Laguna De Los Patos Intl SUCA 11:20 AM
05-27 Juan Lacaze SUJL 11:26 AM
05-27 Ricardo Raver SUEC 11:34 AM
05-27 San Jose SUSJ 11:40 AM
05-27 Angel S Adami Intl SUAA 11:52 AM Montevideo capital
05-27 Capitan Juan Manuel Boiso Lanza Air Base SUBL 11:55 AM
05-27 Carrasco Intl/Gen C L Berisso SUMU 12:08 PM
05-27 Military Aeronautical School SUGA 12:11 PM
05-27 La Calera SUCL 12:25 PM
Flight time 5:27 36 stops
Estadio Centenario, built between 1929 and 1930 to host the inaugural 1930 FIFA World Cup, as well as to commemorate the centennial of Uruguay’s first constitution
Amsterdam Tribune on the right, named so because it was where the Celeste were crowned Olympic champions for the second time in 1928 (first time 1924 in Colombes, France)
Tomorrow on to Brazil, visiting the big cities along the coast.
Leg 280, La Calera, Lavalleja Department, Uruguay to Curitiba, State of Paraná, Brazil
DAY05_28.PLN (11.4 KB)
Uruguay and southern Brazil. I’ll be in Brazil for the next few days, massive country. It’s a bit smaller than Canada (85%) but has well over 5 times the population, over 212 million people.
05-28 La Calera SUCL 7:03 AM Dam 32°49’51.8"S 56°25’15.5"W
05-28 Garcia Brum Airstrip SUPA 7:56 AM
05-28 San Gregorio SUSG 8:10 AM
05-28 SAMAN Vergara SUVE 8:42 AM
05-28 Pista PLA e Silva SJEN 8:58 AM Unclear runway (textures missing)
05-28 Rio Grande SJRG 9:25 AM
05-28 Sao Lourenco Do Sul SSRU 9:43 AM
05-28 Da Praia Velha SJGX 9:54 AM Narrow runway
05-28 Mostardas SSMT 10:07 AM
05-28 Solidao SNPV 10:19 AM
05-28 Aerolis SIQI 10:24 AM
05-28 Palmares do Sul SBRW 10:32 AM
05-28 Capivari SSCV 10:35 AM 27 knot headwind
05-28 Salgado Filho Intl SBPA 10:50 AM 32 knot wind
05-28 Montenegro SSNG 11:04 AM
05-28 Garibaldi SSGA 11:17 AM
05-28 Aeroclube de Bento Goncalves SSBG 11:24 AM
05-28 Veranopolis SSVN 11:31 AM
05-28 Nova Prata SSNP 11:35 AM
05-28 Vacaria Novo SNEE 11:51 AM
05-28 Bom ■■■■■ SSBJ 12:06 PM
05-28 Forquilhinha SBCM 12:27 PM
05-28 Regional Sul SBJA 12:35 PM
05-28 Tubarao SIEZ 12:41 PM
05-28 Hercilio Luz Intl SBFL 1:08 PM
05-28 Sonhar SJSH 1:20 PM
05-28 Costa Esmeralda SDEN 1:26 PM
05-28 Ministro Victor Konder International SBNF 1:38 PM
05-28 Clube de Aviacao Ceu Azul SWON 1:53 PM
05-28 Lauro Carneiro De Loyola SBJV 2:01 PM
05-28 Afonso Pena Intl SBCT 2:23 PM
Flight time 7:20 30 stops
Next leg, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
Amazing Journey, Very nice to mix some screens with real photo’s. I have wrote down a bunch of places which are a must to visit for me as well thanks to you Will keep following you for sure. Fly on!
Leg 281, Curitiba, State of Paraná to Fazenda Ribeiro Manso, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
DAY05_29.PLN (15.9 KB)
A great leg today, the coast of southern Brazil is amazing. São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are well deserved to be the best known cities in Brazil. A lot to see this leg, a lot of stops as well, long post.
05-29 Afonso Pena Intl SBCT 5:53 AM
05-29 Banaer de Jacupiranga SIVW 6:19 AM Trees at end of runway
05-29 Registro SBWS 6:27 AM 40 knot tailwind, lot of turbulence
05-29 Ica SSMW 6:44 AM
05-29 Fazenda Caicara SDCR 6:54 AM
05-29 Interlagos 23°42’05.6"S 46°41’52.6"W 7:10 AM Sao Paolo
05-29 Congonhas Intl SBSP 7:14 AM
05-29 Marte SBMT 7:21 AM
05-29 Guarulhos Intl SBGR 7:28 AM
05-29 Sao Jose Dos Campos SBSJ 7:43 AM
05-29 Base De Aviacao De Taubate SBTA 7:51 AM
05-29 Pindamonhangaba SDPD 7:55 AM
05-29 Guaratingueta SBGW 8:02 AM
05-29 Ilha Dos Porcos Grandes SILI 8:21 AM Trees at end of runway
05-29 Angra Dos Reis SDAG 8:26 AM
05-29 Fazenda Bom Jardim SDCZ 8:31 AM
05-29 Fazenda Portobello SDPA 8:33 AM
05-29 Santa Cruz AB SBSC 8:44 AM
05-29 Clube CEU SBIX 8:47 AM
05-29 Jacarepagua SBJR 8:55 AM ■■■■■■ the Redeemer
Metropolitan Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro 22°54’37"S 43°10’51"W
05-29 Santos Dumont SBRJ 9:16 AM
05-29 Galeao-Antonio C Jobim Intl SBGL 9:27 AM
05-29 Itaborai SBNY 9:41 AM
05-29 Marica SDMC 9:50 AM
05-29 Saquarema SDSK 9:59 AM
05-29 Cabo Frio SBCB 10:10 AM
05-29 Ponta Da Costa SDPC 10:13 AM
05-29 Sao Pedro De Aldeia SBES 10:16 AM
05-29 Umberto Modiano SBBZ 10:20 AM
05-29 Rio das Ostras SSTY 10:26 AM
05-29 Trimonte SNAO 10:29 AM
05-29 Macae SBME 10:36 AM
05-29 Vila de Tocos SIBC 10:51 AM
05-29 Bartolomeu Lisandro SBCP 10:58 AM
05-29 Itaperuna SDUN 11:14 AM
05-29 Ponte Nova SNCZ 11:46 AM
05-29 Alvinopolis SBNQ 11:55 AM
05-29 Lagoa Santa SBLS 12:18 PM
05-29 Tancredo Neves Intl SBCF 12:22 PM
05-29 Fazenda do Brejo SWZT 12:38 PM
05-29 Tranquilo Testolin SNTT 12:56 PM
05-29 Silvio Goncalves de Mello SWWT 1:02 PM
05-29 Morada Nova De Mina SNMM 1:06 PM
05-29 Tres Maria SNAS 1:20 PM
05-29 Fazenda Marreco SIPJ 1:26 PM
Flight time 7:33 44 stops
Highlights from the 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix
An excellent track guide by TheKie25
Escadaria Selarón, public stairway adorned by artist Jorge Selarón (1947-2013)
The stairs feature tile from at least 60 different countries, as people began sending or bringing him tile from all over the world when his work on the stairs became known
In a great tragedy, millions of objects, including most of the building were lost in September 2018
The salvage operation is ongoing
Rio de Janeiro is also home to the biggest carnival in the world, the 2020 Samba Schools competition
For the first time since the 1918 Spanish flu, this year carnival was cancelled
Next year will be one to look out for
More Brazil tomorrow, heading to the capital Brasilia.
Leg 282, Fazenda Ribeiro Manso, State of Minas Gerais to Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil
DAY05_30.PLN (12.4 KB)
A trip to, mostly farm country. Visiting the capital, Brasilia, Sobradinho Reservoir and then back to the coast to Salvador.
05-30 Fazenda Marreco SIPJ 7:05 AM
05-30 Fazenda Buritiz SDYI 7:12 AM
05-30 Fazenda Vargem Bonita de Cima SBJZ 7:29 AM
05-30 Fazenda Cana Brava SNNB 7:39 AM
05-30 Fazenda HJ SNYI 8:03 AM
05-30 Fazenda Pamplona SWFA 8:14 AM
05-30 Pres Juscelino Kubitschek Intl SBBR 8:28 AM Brasilia capital
05-30 Brasilia 15°45’58.16"S 47°54’18.35"W 8:36 AM Not sure if it still exists
05-30 Fazenda Santa Izabel SSLJ 9:20 AM
05-30 Fazenda Parana SJUU 9:27 AM
05-30 Fazenda Barriguda SJGY 9:35 AM
05-30 Divinopolis de Goias SBSS 9:48 AM
05-30 Fazenda Sao Sebastiao SWXH 9:56 AM
05-30 Fazenda Horita SJEW 9:58 AM Building on end of runway
05-30 Sete Povos SDCM 10:06 AM
05-30 Fazenda Santo Angelo SJFX 10:10 AM
05-30 Fazenda Querubim SJAZ 10:13 AM
05-30 Warpol SJWP 10:17 AM
05-30 Fazenda Nossa Senhora do Carmo Airstrip SDEX 10:21 AM
05-30 Fazenda Buriti SSNW 10:31 AM
05-30 Aba SNDH 10:42 AM
05-30 Barreiras SNBR 10:45 AM
05-30 Cotegipe Airstrip SBRC 11:02 AM
05-30 Fazenda Santo Antonio da Serra do Boqueirao Airstrip SBIG 11:15 AM
05-30 Barra SNBX 11:36 AM
05-30 Xique-Xique SNXQ 11:48 AM
05-30 Remanso SB2J 12:21 PM Short runway with traffic
05-30 Sobradinho SNBD 12:54 PM
05-30 JMF SB26 1:19 PM
05-30 Jacobina SNJB 1:36 PM
05-30 Itaberaba SNIB 2:07 PM Bad texture area
05-30 Castro Alves SSRF 2:26 PM
05-30 Bahia Aeroclube SNVR 2:50 PM
05-30 Dep L E Magalheas Intl SBSV 3:06 PM
Flight time 8:01 33 stops
Brasilia is a planned city that became Brazil’s capital in 1960 (Salvador and Rio de Janeiro pre 1960) Chiefly designed by Oscar Niemeyer and laid out in the shape of an airplane
Monumento Dois Candangos (1959) paying tribute to the workers who helped build the country on the left
Rito dos Ritmos in the gardens of the Alvorada Palace on the right
Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge aka Ponte JK spanning across Lake Paranoá
Designed by Alexandre Chan, named after Juscelino Kubitschek (1902-1976) Brazil’s president from 1956 to 1961, considered the main figure supporting the construction of the planned city
Itameraty Palace (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) the National Congress and Alvorada Palace (presidential residence) all designed by Oscar Niemeyer. What a legacy to design a whole city (and live to be a 104)
Brasilia was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987
Tomorrow exploring more of Brazil along the coast to the mouth of the Amazon river
Leg 283, Salvador, State of Bahia to Cruz, State of Ceará, Brazil
DAY05_31.PLN (11.7 KB)
Following the coast today. Terrain quality is pretty poor in some areas, it must be cloudy a lot. There are lots of generic patches to cover up the clouds on the aerial data. However still plenty great sights along the way and a bit of a mix up with a very small airport.
05-31 Dep L E Magalheas Intl SBSV 5:14 AM
05-31 Jaua SBZZ 5:19 AM
05-31 Costa dos Coqueiros SNME 5:28 AM
05-31 Parque Manoelito Argolo SIZA 5:40 AM
05-31 Santa Maria SBAR 6:11 AM
05-31 Penedo SNPE 6:34 AM Bad terrain, hills in the river
05-31 Campo da Praia SNCY 6:41 AM
05-31 Usina Coruripe SNUZ 6:46 AM Patchy terrain
05-31 Zumi Dos Palmares Intl SBMO 7:04 AM
05-31 Caxias SNXS 7:14 AM Lot of generic terrain, poor data
05-31 Jose Mucio Monteiro SIRF 7:32 AM
05-31 Guararapes - Gilbeto Freyre SBRF 7:48 AM
05-31 Igarassu SIFC 7:57 AM
05-31 Itapessoca SIPE 8:05 AM Patchy terrain
05-31 Presidente Castro Pinto Intl SBJP 8:18 AM
05-31 Aeroclub Joao Pessoa SNJO 8:26 AM
05-31 Rio Tinto SNRN 8:37 AM
05-31 Severino Lopes SJBX 8:52 AM half a runway, texture issues
05-31 Augusto Severo Intl SBNT 8:58 AM
05-31 Gov Aluizio Alves Intl SBSG 9:04 AM Bad terrain quality
05-31 Ceara Mirim SNOG 9:07 AM
05-31 Maxaranguape SNXX 9:16 AM
05-31 Fazenda Bebida Velha SNZO 9:19 AM
05-31 Dix Sept Rosado SBMS 10:04 AM
05-31 Maisa SNOO 10:10 AM Bad stuttering, memory use increasing
05-31 Aracati SNAT 10:25 AM Beacon in the way
05-31 Sitio Vodo SNYX 10:41 AM Building at end of runway
05-31 Aquiraz SBON 10:47 AM
05-31 Eusebio SBOO 11:07 AM Very short, 4 attempts, model airport… 732ft
05-31 Pinto Martins Intl SBFZ 11:12 AM
05-31 Amontada SBOK 11:44 AM
05-31 Polo Turistico De Jericoacoara SBJE 12:03 PM
Flight time 6:49 31 stops
This is where I landed
Piper in action
Jet plane, how do you not lose the thing in the sky!
Now I still need to get out of here. First attempt, I went for a swim The latest sim update changed the stall dynamics, you can’t push the Bonanza as much anymore at low speeds, it rightfully flipped over and put me in the water. I was tying to take off down wind since that’s where I wanted to go (terrible pilot I know) which didn’t help at all.
I loaded up the airport again before posting for some more fun practice runs. The wind had strengthened to 13 kots, easy to land and take off (against the wind). Without wind, still possible to take off without issues, landing is very tight. Touch down right at the start and brake hard. 11 knot wind has a much bigger impact than I previously thought. Respect the wind direction!
Next leg, continuing on to the Amazon delta.
Leg 284, Cruz, State of Ceará to São Félix do Xingu, State of Pará, Brazil
DAY06_01.PLN (9.4 KB)
Further along the coast to the bay of Marajó, then inland along the Tocantins river, trees, lots of em.
06-01 Polo Turistico De Jericoacoara SBJE 5:09 AM
06-01 Camocim SNWC 5:19 AM
06-01 Parnaiba - Prefeito Dr Joao Si SBPB 5:39 AM
06-01 Barreirinhas SBRR 6:00 AM
06-01 Coronel Alexandre Raposo SNOZ 6:31 AM
06-01 Marechal Cunha Machado Intl SBSL 6:35 AM
06-01 Centro De Lancamento De Alcantara SNCW 6:46 AM Bad textures along the shore
06-01 Salinopolis SNSM 7:57 AM Bad Aireal data, lots of holes
06-01 Norte Jet SJNR 8:20 AM
06-01 Chacara Paraiso SNYP 8:23 AM
06-01 Portal do Ceu SIPC 8:27 AM Short runway
06-01 Val De Caes SBBE 8:32 AM
06-01 Ponta de Pedras Airstrip SBDX 8:43 AM Bad Terrain data
06-01 Muana Airstrip SBMU Landing strip turned into a long building
06-01 Curralinho Airstrip SBOE 9:07 AM Trees at end of runway
06-01 New Cameta CMT 9:18 AM
06-01 Nova Conceicao Agroindustrial SINC 9:35 AM Trees at end of runway
06-01 Tucurui SBTU 9:55 AM Bad elevation data, river hills
06-01 Tucurui SBWL 9:59 AM
06-01 Maraba SBMA 10:37 AM
06-01 Benedito Mutran SIBD 10:48 AM
06-01 Fazenda Serra Grande SNQE 11:07 AM
06-01 Carajas SBCJ 11:13 AM
06-01 Igarape Bahia SDLJ 11:30 AM
06-01 Sao Felix SNFX 12:02 PM
Flight time 6:53 24 stops (actually 23, one runway build over)
While I could land at the last one, Muana Airstrip…
I’ve seen this happen before, I think it was in or near the Pyrenees. Actually it was Mboliasa FZBT, Basango Mboliasa Airport in the town of Kiri in the DRC, close lol.
I’ll be making my way to the Amazon river tomorrow. Then along the Amazon back to the coast before heading to French Guiana.
wow again a stunning leg, Sao paolo and Rio is my backup plan if Thailand is a nogo later this year.
Leg 285, São Félix do Xingu, State of Pará to Curuai, Santarém - State of Pará, Brazil
DAY06_02.PLN (8.3 KB)
This leg is dedicated to trees, so many of them. In fact there are an estimated 390 billion trees in the Amazon rain forest, 16,000 different species. Actually I ‘only’ cover the eastern extent of the Amazon rain forest in this leg, a loop around the State of Pará. I flew through the state of Amazonas is leg 258 and 259.
Flying low over all these trees did pose a big challenge for my laptop. I had to dial the draw distance back to minimum a couple times to let the sim catch up so memory use doesn’t grow out of control. I’m pretty close to the equator, maximum draw distance here (tied to latitude since a couple updates ago) However the balancing act with settings was fully worth the trouble, so many great places to land. I love landing in between all the trees, it gives a real sense of speed.
06-02 Sao Felix SNFX 5:40 AM
06-02 Fazenda Porto Seguro SWXO 5:59 AM Building at end of runway
06-02 Aldeia Kubenkroke SDWJ 6:35 AM Bad stuttering, too many trees
06-02 Altamira SBDW 7:09 AM Poor river data (very low res straight lines misaligned)
06-02 Kururuzinho SSMN 7:54 AM
06-02 Tales Pires Lodge SBBN 7:58 AM
06-02 Mayrowy SDUS 8:22 AM Trees at end of runway
06-02 Cururu SNQW 8:31 AM Trees at end of runway
06-02 Fazenda Samauma SIKQ 8:50 AM Bad stuttering
06-02 Pista Castanheirinho SNDI 8:59 AM
06-02 Pau D’Arco SJPU 9:03 AM
06-02 Muricoca SITO 9:12 AM
06-02 Eldorado SJEL 9:22 AM
06-02 Comandante Carmelo SSOW 9:28 AM
06-02 Noca Descoberta SJND 9:37 AM
06-02 Jacareacanga SBEK 10:03 AM
06-02 Fazenda Penedo SJFG 10:27 AM Sloped runway, approach from river
06-02 Sao Leopoldo SJIY 10:43 AM Bad stuttering, button presses not registering
06-02 Caima SIRJ 11:06 AM
06-02 Itaituba SBIH 11:14 AM
06-02 Fordlandia SBII 11:31 AM
06-02 Curuai SBAK 12:05 PM
Flight time 6:25 21 stops
Next leg, following the Amazon river to the coast and then to French Guiana.
Leg 286, Curuai, Santarém - State of Pará, Brazil via Suriname to Maripasoula, French Guiana
DAY06_03.PLN (8.3 KB)
Last day in Brazil, following the mighty Amazon River to the coast. Terrain quality is severely lacking in the Amazon Delta, it must be cloudy a lot. It was today.
06-03 Curuai SBAK 5:35 AM
06-03 Obidos SNTI 5:47 AM
06-03 Santarem SBSN 6:13 AM
06-03 Sao Jose SNSH 6:22 AM
06-03 Piquiatuba SNCJ 6:24 AM
06-03 Monte Alegre SNMA 6:46 AM
06-03 Almeirim SNYA 7:22 AM Mesh height bugs, spikes, messy terrain
06-03 Gurupa SNGU 7:44 AM Bad terrain data, low detail water polygons
06-03 Macapa Intl SBMQ 8:21 AM
06-03 Hangar Comandante Salomao Alcolumbre SJKI 8:32 AM
06-03 Afua Municipal SBAC 8:51 AM
06-03 Fazenda Parabufalos SJOR 9:19 AM Bad terrain data, big mess
06-03 Fazenda Santa Isabel SWVP 9:24 AM
06-03 Amapa SBAM 9:50 AM
06-03 Ouanary SOSA 10:36 AM
06-03 St Georges De L’oyapock SOOG 10:47 AM
06-03 Oiapoque SBOI 10:50 AM
06-03 Vila Brasil SOCM 11:09 AM Messy terrain, low detail, generic textures
06-03 Lawa Anapaike Airstrip SMLA 11:47 AM Bad stuttering
06-03 Lawa Antino Airstrip SMAN 11:54 AM
06-03 Tabiki Airstrip SMTA 11:59 AM
06-03 Maripasoula SOOA 12:03 PM
Flight time 6:28 21 stops
US Zeppelins patrolling the Amazon in WW2, you learn something new every day
Next leg, visiting the capital of French Guiana, then further west to see more of Suriname.
Leg 287, Maripasoula, French Guiana to Jarikaba, Suriname
DAY06_04.PLN (8.6 KB)
Exploring French Guiana and Suriname today. A mighty struggle for my laptop, poor terrain quality, all with trees, at the equator, is a major stress test for the sim. Especially while flying low, half in low hanging clouds and rain. Most of the terrain is proceduraly generated in small tiles, then populated with an abundance of trees. I kept flying ‘ahead’ of the terrain generation process, stuttering ensued making it necessary to reduce draw distance frequently.
For this leg, a 2.2 ghz cpu isn’t cutting it. But with a bit of careful management of draw distance and boosting the cpu up to 4 ghz for screenshot and landing time, still plenty great sights to see. (Just can’t leave it at 4 ghz or thermal throttling ensues)
06-04 Maripasoula SOOA 5:11 AM
06-04 Grand-Santi SOGN 5:24 AM
06-04 Rochambeau SOCA 6:00 AM Cayenne capital
Caserne Loubere 4°56’18"N 52°20’15"W
Dreyfus Tower 5°9’31"N 52°37’35"W
06-04 Mana SOMA 6:55 AM
06-04 St-Laurent-Du-Maroni SOOM 7:08 AM
06-04 Langatabbetje Airstrip SMLT 7:25 AM Trees at end of short runway
06-04 Grand-Santi SMKM 7:38 AM
06-04 Stoelmanseiland SMST 7:47 AM
06-04 Poeketi Airstrip SMPE 7:56 AM
06-04 Drietabbetje SMDA 8:02 AM
06-04 Godo Holo Airstrip SMGH 8:07 AM
06-04 Apetina Airstrip SMPT 8:24 AM
06-04 Vincent Faiks SMPA 8:34 AM
06-04 Alalapadu Airstrip SMDU 9:02 AM
06-04 Kwamalasoemoetoe SMSM 9:15 AM Poor terrain quality, bad stuttering
06-04 Coeroenie SMCI 9:41 AM Terrible stuttering, 90% auto gen terrain
06-04 Ralleigh Airstrip SMRA 10:24 AM
06-04 Cabana Airstrip SMCB 10:40 AM
06-04 Nieuw Jacobkondre Airstrip SMBN 10:45 AM Memory increasing, autogen terrain many trees
Terrible stuttering, button presses not registering, down to 2fps, restart
06-04 Nieuw Jacobkondre Airstrip SMBN 10:53 AM
06-04 Brownsweg Airstrip SMBS 11:04 AM
06-04 JA Pengel Intl SMJP 11:28 AM Paramaribo capital
06-04 Zorg en Hoop SMZO 11:41 AM
06-04 Jarikaba Airstrip SMJA 11:57 AM
Flight time 6:38 22 stops
Home to Camp de la Transportation
Was used between 1852 and 1946, built even before the city of Saint Laurent was started. Prisoners arrived here from France to be dispatched into Guiana to do development work.
Godo Holo Airstrip in Godo Olo, got one right!
Godo Holo is a group of villages in the Tapanahony resort of the Sipaliwini District of Suriname. The villages are inhabited by Maroons of the Ndyuka people. Godo Olo is the name for a group of three neighbouring villages: Saniki, Fisiti and Pikienkondre de Miranda.
Alalapadu is a Tiriyó village in the Sipaliwini District. The village was founded by Baptist missionaries next to the Alalapadu Airstrip in order to concentrate the Tiriyó of the area in one central village.
Nieuw Jacobkondre Airstrip on the Saramacca River
Nieuw Jacobkondre is a village inhabited by Matawai people, descendants of Africans who escaped slavery in the 17th and 18th centuries by fleeing into the jungles and fighting for their freedom.
Landing at Brownsweg Airstrip in Brownsweg (town)
Brownsweg was built in 1958 for the inhabitants of the area that was flooded after the construction of the Afobaka Dam. Mainly populated by Maroons, more descendants of Africans who formed settlements away from slavery.
Fort Zeelandia, originally a wooden fort built by the French in 1640, which during the British colonial days was reinforced and became Fort Willoughby
It was taken by the Dutch in 1667 and renamed Fort Zeelandia. Suriname was seized by a Dutch fleet in 1667, and that year it was ceded to the Netherlands in exchange for New Amsterdam (now New York City). (Except for the years 1799–1802 and 1804–15, when it was under British rule, Suriname remained under Dutch rule until its independence in 1975.
Surinaams Museum in Fort Zeelandia
Also here a memorial to the 15 fifteen prominent young Surinamese men, who had criticized the military dictatorship and for that were shot here on December 8, 1982, known as the December murders.
Suriname was frequently in the news when I was growing up in the Netherlands, Dési Bouterse, the then dictator (1980-1987) was mentioned often. Quite the figure, responsible for several human rights violations, received a controversial amnesty for those violations, was suspected and convicted for drug trafficking yet became president of Suriname again from 2010 to 2020. The amnesty has been overruled and he was eventually convicted for the December murders (next to still having an arrest warrant for drug trafficking)
No more news about him since the pandemic started, still at large I assume.
That was a very interesting trip for me, being Dutch by birth. It still amazes me how little the (former) colonies were mentioned in school, not in history class, geography nor social studies / current affairs. I didn’t even know where Suriname was on the map before I started this trip.
Next leg, to Guyana then on to the Caribbean.
Leg 288, Jarikaba, Suriname via Guyana and Brazil to Tocomita, Sección Capital Angostura, Venezuela
DAY06_05.PLN (9.2 KB)
Exploring Guyana today and a bit of Brazil and Venezuela. The border between Guyana and Venezuela is still contested, dotted line on the map.
06-05 Jarikaba Airstrip SMJA 5:38 AM
06-05 Totness SMCO 5:57 AM
06-05 Wageningen Airstrip SMWA 6:05 AM
06-05 Alupi Airstrip SMWG 6:11 AM
06-05 New Amsterdam SYNA 6:30 AM
06-05 Rosignol SYRO 6:34 AM
06-05 Cheddi Jagan Intl SYCJ 6:51 AM Georgetown capital (on the coast)
06-05 Bartica A SYBT 7:21 AM
06-05 Konawaruk SYKZ 7:50 AM
06-05 Kaieteur International PKSA 8:08 AM Kaieteur Falls 5°10’33.3"N 59°28’49.9"W
Weird bug, plane gone missing after flying the drone up high 8:44 AM
06-05 4°2’59.36" N59°8’55.06"W 8:51 AM
06-05 Annai SYAN 8:54 AM
06-05 Karanambo SYKR 9:01 AM
06-05 Lethem SYLH 9:11 AM
06-05 Lethem SYLT 9:20 AM
06-05 Pouso da Aguia SWPD 9:42 AM
06-05 Boa Vista Intl SBBV 9:47 AM
06-05 Ouro FIno SWOF 9:51 AM
06-05 Leao de Ouro SJLM 10:25 AM
06-05 El Pauji SVPI 10:36 AM
06-05 Uon-Quen SVUQ 10:50 AM
06-05 Kavac SVUX 11:19 AM
06-05 Uruyen SVUY 11:22 AM Bad terrain quality
06-05 Canaima SVCN 11:40 AM
06-05 Antabare SVTE 11:49 AM Mostly autogen terrain, low detail river/lake polygons
06-05 Tocomita SV76 12:24 PM
Flight time 6:39 24 stops
Apparently the Dutch were first to settle Guyana back in 1616 after they gained independence from Spain. However it was claimed by the Spanish until the Dutch officially gained sovereignty of Guyana in 1648 by the Treaty of Munster.
The Dutch goal to trade with the natives was soon abandoned in favor of plantation style farming. However the native population was not up to the diseases introduced from Europe. Thus the Dutch West India Company started bringing slaves over from Africa.
Soon the slave population outnumbered the colonists and in 1763 the Berbice slave uprising threatened European control of the region. The rebels were defeated with the assistance of troops from neighboring European colonies, the British, French, Sint Eustatius and overseas from the Dutch Republic.
Before that, the Dutch had already opened the doors to British immigrants since 1746 to attract more settlers. Some parts were already British in majority by 1760. In 1781 war broke out between The Netherlands and Britain, France got involved, land changed hands back and forth and the Dutch were in power again in 1784.
What eventually turned Guyana into British Guyana was the French occupation of the Netherlands in 1795, part of the Napoleonic wars after the French revolution. The British declared war on France and subsequently took control of the Dutch colonies. By means of the treaty of Amiens, the Dutch gained control again in 1802.
The Netherlands was still occupied by France (until 1813). Britain declared war on France again in 1803 and took control of the colonies yet again. At he London convention of 1814, the colonies were officially ceded to Britain. In 1831 British Guyana was formed (colonies combined) which remained under British control until 1966 when Guyana become independent.
We had all the wars with Spain, France and Britain in high school, yet all the ripple effects on the colonies were left out. As well as the minor detail of slavery…
Houston district in Georgetown, the capital of Guyana
Originally named Longchamps, established by the French in 1782. The Dutch renamed it Stabroek in 1784 and moved the colonial capital here. The British changed the name to Georgetown in 1812.
Demarara Harbour Bridge (floating bridge) and St Georges Cathedral
In the middle, the 1763 monument, dedicated to Cuffy, leader of the 1763 Berbice slave uprising
Zooming around high with the drone triggered a bizarre bug, no more plane, just a single white dot left
Also no more instruments, no HUD, no cockpit, nothing. I had to restart the game to get the plane back
I’ll be heading for the Caribbean tomorrow, starting with Trinidad and Tobago.
Leg 289, Tocomita, Sección Capital Angostura, Venezuela via Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, St Vincent and the Grenadines and Barbados to Castries, St Lucia
DAY06_06.PLN (8.2 KB)
On to the Caribbean. There is a lot to see, lots of island nations close together. I count 22 in total, 5 of them in this leg. Island hopping is always fun, even better with good water masks and there are some beautiful areas around here.
06-06 Tocomita SV76 5:58 AM
06-06 Ciudad Bolivar SVCB 6:12 AM
06-06 Manuel Carlos Piar SVPR 6:32 AM
06-06 Macagua SVDN 6:36 AM
06-06 Uracoa SV13 6:54 AM
06-06 Pedernales SVPE 7:21 AM Plane animation broken, autogen terrain
06-06 Almirante Cristobal Colon SVGI 7:35 AM
Macuro 10°39’24.7"N 61°56’35.0"W
Port of Spain 10°39’55.7"N 61°30’50.1"W capital
06-06 Camden Airfield TTCO 8:10 AM Poor terrain data
06-06 Piarco Intl TTPP 8:16 AM
06-06 Crown Point TTCP 8:35 AM
06-06 Point Salines Intl TGPY 9:17 AM
06-06 Grenville TPGP 9:25 AM
06-06 Lauriston TGPZ 9:38 AM
06-06 Union I Intl TVSU 9:44 AM
06-06 Canouan TVSC 9:53 AM
06-06 Mustique Is TVSM 10:02 AM
06-06 JF Mitchell TVSB 10:11 AM
06-06 ET Joshua TVSV 10:19 AM
06-06 Argyle Intl TVSA 10:23 AM
06-06 Grantley Adams Intl TBPB 11:09 AM Bad terrain quality
06-06 Hewanorra Intl TLPL 11:46 AM
06-06 George F Charles TLPC 12:03 PM
Flight time 6:05 21 stops
Port of Spain, the capital of Trinidad and Tobago. Fort George sitting on the top of the hill
Trinidad and Tobago gained independence from Great Britain in 1962. Since the arrival of Columbus in 1492, the two islands have been in the hands of the Spanish, British, Dutch, French and Courlander colonists (Dutchy of Courland, now Latvia) Originally inhabited by native Amerindian peoples.
Fort George (popular name) this one build by the French in the 18th century and ■■■■■■ of the Deep
Grenada was originally inhabited by the indigenous Arawaks and later by the Island Caribs, then became a French colony from 1649 to 1763 when Grenada fell into British hands. Grenada finally got its independence back in 1974. However in 1983 they were occupied again, this time by the USA out of fear that a 3,000 meter airstrip that was being build, could be used as a military refueling stop for Soviet and Cuban planes. US troops withdrew at the end of the year after receiving heavy criticism by the United Nations General Assembly.
Kingstown is the capital of St Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent has a British colonial history and gained independence in 1979. Originally the islands were inhabited by the indigenous Garifuna people, who became known as the “Black Caribs”, successfully resisting colonisation by the Europeans. However in 1719 the French succeeded to collonise Saint Vincent. Then the British captured the island in 1763. Several wars with the Carib people followed, in between the Carib wars France captured the island again in 1779, Britain got it back in 1783.
La Soufriere erupted less than 2 months ago
Bridgetown is the capital of Barbedos, a port city on the island’s southwest coast
Barbados may have been inhabited as early as 1600 BC. From the 4th to 7th century the island was inhabited by the Saladoid-Barrancoid, followed by the Arawaks from South America between 800-1200 AD, then by the more war like Kalinago (Island Caribs) from the 12th century onwards. The British colonised the island in 1627 and started bringing over indentured servants and involuntarily transported people from Ireland to work on plantations. During the sugar revolution, the Dutch transported enslaved Africans to the island to work on sugar plantations. Several slave rebellions followed, same as in Guyana, the largest one led by Bussa in 1816.
Castries is located on the northwest side of the island
St Lucia was previously called Lyonola, named by the native Arawaks and later Hewanorra, the name given by the native Caribs. France first settled the island in 1660, then fought over the island with the British in 14 successive wars, the island changing hands 14 times until the British took definitive control in 1814. Because the island switched hands so often it was also known as the “Helen of the West Indies”. St Lucia became independent in 1979.
More of the Caribbean tomorrow, Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe. A bit slower pace perhaps, there is a lot of information to digest in a small geographical area. Very interesting and very beautiful area.
Leg 290, Castries, St Lucia via Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua and Barbuda, St Kitts & Nevis, St Eustatius and Saba to Gustavia, St Barthélemy
DAY06_07.PLN (7.8 KB)
I did go slower today (avg speed of 76 knots) but the islands are all close together, thus still a whole bunch of island nations one after the other. Great sightseeing.
06-07 George F Charles TLPC 5:36 AM
06-07 Le Lamentin TFFF 5:55 AM La Caravelle Lighthouse 14°46’20"N 60°52’54"W
06-07 Canefield Intl TDCF 6:44 AM
06-07 Melville Hall TDPD 6:54 AM
06-07 Marie Galante TFFM 7:05 AM
06-07 Le Saints TFFS 7:16 AM Fort Napoleon des Saintes 15°52’31"N 61°34’56"W
06-07 Terre-de-Bas TFTE 7:26 AM
06-07 Baillif TFFB 7:39 AM
06-07 Le Raizet TFFR 7:51 AM
06-07 Saint Francois TFFC 8:03 AM
06-07 Desirade TFFA 8:12 AM
06-07 Osborne Intl TRPG 8:55 AM
06-07 VC Bird Intl TAPA 9:15 AM
06-07 Cocoa Point COCO 9:28 AM
06-07 Codrington TAPH 9:40 AM Not here
06-07 Codrington 17°38’09.7"N 61°49’40.4"W 9:46 AM
06-07 Vance Winkworth Amory TKPN 10:08 AM
06-07 Bradshaw Intl TKPK 10:21 AM
06-07 FD Roosevelt TNCE 10:39 AM
06-07 Juancho E Yrausquin TNCS * 11:00 AM 3 attempts, very short, 977ft
06-07 St Barthelemy I TFFJ * 11:34 AM 2107ft
Flight time 5:58 20 stops
Fort-De-France, the capital of Martinique
Martinique is an overseas region of France, part of the Lesser Antilles, one of the windward islands, an Outermost Region (OMR) of the European Union and a special territory of the European Union.
Turning over Parc La Savane on the way to the airport
Martinique was first populated by the Arawaks (1st century) and later taken over by the Caribs (11th century). The French landed in 1635 after being driven of St Kitts by the British. Skirmishes with the Caribs followed but the French repelled them. In 1654, Dutch Jews expelled from Portuguese Brazil introduced sugar plantations worked by large numbers of enslaved Africans.
RSMA Fort De France (military base) below me
From 1688 Martinique served as a home port for French pirates, then was occupied by the British in 1693, 1759, 1762 and 1779. In 1815 it was traded back to France at the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars.
Druing WW2, the pro-Nazi Vichy government, controlling Martinique at the time, let German U-boats use Martinique for refuelling and re-supply during the Battle of the Caribbean. Free French forces took over the island on Bastille day, July 14 1943
In 1946 the colony was transformed into an Overseas Department of France, and became a French region / overseas “department” of France in 1982
Also the name of the capital of Guadeloupe, Basse-Terre
Guadeloupe is a French overseas region, an archipelago of more than 12 islands, As a constituent territory of the European Union and the Eurozone, the euro is its official currency and any European Union citizen is free to settle and work there indefinitely
Heading for Aérodrome de Basse-Terre - Baillif
The islands were first populated, possibly as far back as 3000BC. First identifiable group were the Arawaks, which were displaced by the Kalina-Carib people, circa 1400 AD
Tour du Père-Labat, ruins of an old tower along the coast next to the airport
Attempts at colonization by the Spanish were unsuccessful in the 16th century. In 1626 the French started taking an interest in the island. The French brought in farmers who spread European diseases that led to the death of many indigenous people. From 1650 African slaves were brought in to work on the plantations. Guadeloupe was annexed to France in 1674. (from the French West India Company)
Fort Delgrès, started as a strong house in 1650
The British captured the island during the seven years war (1756-1763) after which France got it back by the Treaty of Paris. France forfeited its Canadian colonies in exchange for the return of Guadeloupe.
Marina de Rivière-Sens-Gourbeyre
Britain invaded Guadeloupe again in 1794 after the Frence Revolution brought chaos to Guadeloupe. The French recaptured the island, slavery was abolished then reinstated in 1802. A slave rebellion followed, led by Louis Delgrès, which ended in mass suicide after they realized the stood no chance against Franch soldiers in the Battle of Matouba.
Champ d’Arbaud (park) on the left and Market Basse-Terre on the right
Britain captured the island another time in 1810 which was then handed over to Sweden in the 1813 Treaty of Stockholm. Then handed back to France in 1815 by the Treaty of Vienna. Guadeloupe eventually became a French region in 1974.
Montserrat’s Soufriere Hills volcano erupted in 1995 making half the island uninhabitable
Landing at John A. Osborne / Gerald’s Airport (MNI) in Brades, the current capital of Montserrat
The first known settlers were Irishmen from St Kitts in 1632, followed by more settlers from Virginia. The Irish being historical allies of the French, especially in their dislike of the English, invited the French to claim the island in 1666. It was captured shortly afterwards by the English and English control of the island was confirmed under the Treaty of Breda the following year.
Osborne International Airport
France attacked the island in 1712 but failed. A slave rebellion in 1768 failed as well, but eventually (in 1985) led to making St Patrick’s Day a ten-day public holiday to commemorate the uprising.
Little Bay (site for constructing a new port) and Carr’s Bay
France captured the island in 1782 in their support of the Americans in the American Revolutionary War. The agreed to return the island to Great Britain in the Treaty of Paris in 1783. Currently Montserrat is an internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
Getting ready to land at V.C. Bird International Airport
Independence was granted from the United Kingdom on 1 November 1981. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Commonwealth and Elizabeth II is the country’s queen and head of state. Same as Canada, I had to pledge allegiance to Queen Elizabeth II when I became a Canadian citizen.
I know that game, a version of Mancala
Basseterre, the capital of St Kitts & Nevis, on the opposite side of the island from Half Moon Bay below
Saint Kitts and Nevis were among the first islands in the Caribbean to be colonized by Europeans, by the English in 1623. Before that the islands were inhabited as far back as 3000 BC by pre-Arawaken peoples, followed by the Arawak about 1000 BC and the Island Carib invaded around 800 AD.
The French also settled on the island in 1625 in peaceful co-existence with the English. After they met resistance from the natives, the Anglo-French settlers joined forces in 1626 the to massacre the Kalinago at a place that became known as Bloody Point.
Saint Kitts Scenic Railway
A Spanish expedition in 1629 expelled the settlers, but they were allowed back as part of the war settlement in 1630. Saint Kitts became the premier base for English and French expansion into the wider Caribbean. From St. Kitts the British settled the islands of Antigua, Montserrat, Anguilla and Tortola, and the French settled Martinique, the Guadeloupe archipelago and Saint Barthélemy.
During the late-17th century France and England fought for control over St Kitts and Nevis. The French renounced their claim to the islands with the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. By the close of the 1700s St. Kitts had become the richest British Crown Colony per capita in the Caribbean as result of its slave-based sugar industry.
As Britain became embroiled in war with its American colonies, the French decided to use the opportunity to re-capture St Kitts in 1782; however St Kitts was given back and recognised as British territory in the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
Oranjestad on Sint Eustatius
It is unclear if the island was inhabited by native peoples prior to European colonisation. From the first European settlement, in the 17th century until the early 19th century, St. Eustatius changed hands twenty-one times between the Netherlands, Britain and France.
A lot of similarities with Oranjestad on Aruba
St Eustatius became known as The Golden Rock due to it’s status as a free port since 1756. The island sold arms and ammunition to anyone willing to pay, and it was therefore one of the few places from which the young United States could obtain military stores. The good relationship between St. Eustatius and the United States resulted in the noted “First Salute” in 1776, the first international acknowledgment of American independence.
The trade between St. Eustatius and the United States was the main reason for the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War of 1780–1784. The British captured the island in 1781 and especially the Jewish population faced the brunt of British resentment for the island that helped the Americans to defeat them. The Dutch regained control of the looted and plundered island in 1784.
A series of disastrous French and British occupations of Sint Eustatius from 1795 to 1815 diverted trade to the occupiers’ islands. St. Eustatius’ economy collapsed, and the merchants, including the Jews left. St. Eustatius reverted permanently to Dutch control from 1816.
St Eustatius Museum and Fort Oranje, unfortunately no inside views
After 1848, slavery only existed on the Dutch and Danish Caribbean islands, which caused unrest on the islands colonized by the Netherlands. Clashes followed and eventually in 1863 slavery was officially abolished in the Netherlands. The Dutch were among the last to abolish slavery.
Sint Eustatius became a member of the Netherlands Antilles when that grouping was created in 1954. As recent as 2010, the island became a special municipality of the Netherlands, together with Saba and Bonaire, but uses the US dollar as its currency.
The Bottom and forests of Mount Scenery
Saba is though to have been inhabited by the Ciboney people as early as the 1100s BC, replaced by the Arawak circa 800 AD. After a bit of back and forth between French, Englis and Dutch settlers, The Netherlands gained complete control of the island in 1816.
Well’s Bay and Windward side
A 86% vote in favor of closer ties to the Netherlands in a 2004 referendum resulted in Saba becoming a special municipality in 2010 when the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved.
Flying over Baie de St Jean while turning towards the airport
Before European contact the island was possibly frequented by Eastern Caribbean Taíno and Arawak people, who called the island ‘Ouanalao’. By 1648 the island was settled by the French.
Gustaf III Airport Approach
King Louis XVI traded the island to Sweden in 1784 in return for trading privileges in Gothenburg. This change of control saw progress and prosperity as the Swedes declared Gustavia a free port.
Nice long runway, 2,107ft, the approach from the opposite direction looks interesting though, nice hill
After the island hit several hardships, Sweden decided to give the island back to France in 1878, after which it was administered as part of Guadeloupe. The people of the island became French citizens with full rights in 1946.
I decided to park the plane for a change, nice airport
Before Brexit, St Barthexit happened. Saint-Barthélemy left the EU in 2012, ceased being an outermost region and became an Overseas Country or Territory (OCT)
Sint Maarten/Saint Martin is next, then Anguilla and further west.