wow again a stunning leg, Sao paolo and Rio is my backup plan if Thailand is a nogo later this year.
Leg 285, São Félix do Xingu, State of Pará to Curuai, Santarém - State of Pará, Brazil
DAY06_02.PLN (8.3 KB)
This leg is dedicated to trees, so many of them. In fact there are an estimated 390 billion trees in the Amazon rain forest, 16,000 different species. Actually I ‘only’ cover the eastern extent of the Amazon rain forest in this leg, a loop around the State of Pará. I flew through the state of Amazonas is leg 258 and 259.
Flying low over all these trees did pose a big challenge for my laptop. I had to dial the draw distance back to minimum a couple times to let the sim catch up so memory use doesn’t grow out of control. I’m pretty close to the equator, maximum draw distance here (tied to latitude since a couple updates ago) However the balancing act with settings was fully worth the trouble, so many great places to land. I love landing in between all the trees, it gives a real sense of speed.
06-02 Sao Felix SNFX 5:40 AM
06-02 Fazenda Porto Seguro SWXO 5:59 AM Building at end of runway
06-02 Aldeia Kubenkroke SDWJ 6:35 AM Bad stuttering, too many trees
06-02 Altamira SBDW 7:09 AM Poor river data (very low res straight lines misaligned)
06-02 Kururuzinho SSMN 7:54 AM
06-02 Tales Pires Lodge SBBN 7:58 AM
06-02 Mayrowy SDUS 8:22 AM Trees at end of runway
06-02 Cururu SNQW 8:31 AM Trees at end of runway
06-02 Fazenda Samauma SIKQ 8:50 AM Bad stuttering
06-02 Pista Castanheirinho SNDI 8:59 AM
06-02 Pau D’Arco SJPU 9:03 AM
06-02 Muricoca SITO 9:12 AM
06-02 Eldorado SJEL 9:22 AM
06-02 Comandante Carmelo SSOW 9:28 AM
06-02 Noca Descoberta SJND 9:37 AM
06-02 Jacareacanga SBEK 10:03 AM
06-02 Fazenda Penedo SJFG 10:27 AM Sloped runway, approach from river
06-02 Sao Leopoldo SJIY 10:43 AM Bad stuttering, button presses not registering
06-02 Caima SIRJ 11:06 AM
06-02 Itaituba SBIH 11:14 AM
06-02 Fordlandia SBII 11:31 AM
06-02 Curuai SBAK 12:05 PM
Flight time 6:25 21 stops
Next leg, following the Amazon river to the coast and then to French Guiana.
Leg 286, Curuai, Santarém - State of Pará, Brazil via Suriname to Maripasoula, French Guiana
DAY06_03.PLN (8.3 KB)
Last day in Brazil, following the mighty Amazon River to the coast. Terrain quality is severely lacking in the Amazon Delta, it must be cloudy a lot. It was today.
06-03 Curuai SBAK 5:35 AM
06-03 Obidos SNTI 5:47 AM
06-03 Santarem SBSN 6:13 AM
06-03 Sao Jose SNSH 6:22 AM
06-03 Piquiatuba SNCJ 6:24 AM
06-03 Monte Alegre SNMA 6:46 AM
06-03 Almeirim SNYA 7:22 AM Mesh height bugs, spikes, messy terrain
06-03 Gurupa SNGU 7:44 AM Bad terrain data, low detail water polygons
06-03 Macapa Intl SBMQ 8:21 AM
06-03 Hangar Comandante Salomao Alcolumbre SJKI 8:32 AM
06-03 Afua Municipal SBAC 8:51 AM
06-03 Fazenda Parabufalos SJOR 9:19 AM Bad terrain data, big mess
06-03 Fazenda Santa Isabel SWVP 9:24 AM
06-03 Amapa SBAM 9:50 AM
06-03 Ouanary SOSA 10:36 AM
06-03 St Georges De L’oyapock SOOG 10:47 AM
06-03 Oiapoque SBOI 10:50 AM
06-03 Vila Brasil SOCM 11:09 AM Messy terrain, low detail, generic textures
06-03 Lawa Anapaike Airstrip SMLA 11:47 AM Bad stuttering
06-03 Lawa Antino Airstrip SMAN 11:54 AM
06-03 Tabiki Airstrip SMTA 11:59 AM
06-03 Maripasoula SOOA 12:03 PM
Flight time 6:28 21 stops
US Zeppelins patrolling the Amazon in WW2, you learn something new every day
Next leg, visiting the capital of French Guiana, then further west to see more of Suriname.
Leg 287, Maripasoula, French Guiana to Jarikaba, Suriname
DAY06_04.PLN (8.6 KB)
Exploring French Guiana and Suriname today. A mighty struggle for my laptop, poor terrain quality, all with trees, at the equator, is a major stress test for the sim. Especially while flying low, half in low hanging clouds and rain. Most of the terrain is proceduraly generated in small tiles, then populated with an abundance of trees. I kept flying ‘ahead’ of the terrain generation process, stuttering ensued making it necessary to reduce draw distance frequently.
For this leg, a 2.2 ghz cpu isn’t cutting it. But with a bit of careful management of draw distance and boosting the cpu up to 4 ghz for screenshot and landing time, still plenty great sights to see. (Just can’t leave it at 4 ghz or thermal throttling ensues)
06-04 Maripasoula SOOA 5:11 AM
06-04 Grand-Santi SOGN 5:24 AM
06-04 Rochambeau SOCA 6:00 AM Cayenne capital
Caserne Loubere 4°56’18"N 52°20’15"W
Dreyfus Tower 5°9’31"N 52°37’35"W
06-04 Mana SOMA 6:55 AM
06-04 St-Laurent-Du-Maroni SOOM 7:08 AM
06-04 Langatabbetje Airstrip SMLT 7:25 AM Trees at end of short runway
06-04 Grand-Santi SMKM 7:38 AM
06-04 Stoelmanseiland SMST 7:47 AM
06-04 Poeketi Airstrip SMPE 7:56 AM
06-04 Drietabbetje SMDA 8:02 AM
06-04 Godo Holo Airstrip SMGH 8:07 AM
06-04 Apetina Airstrip SMPT 8:24 AM
06-04 Vincent Faiks SMPA 8:34 AM
06-04 Alalapadu Airstrip SMDU 9:02 AM
06-04 Kwamalasoemoetoe SMSM 9:15 AM Poor terrain quality, bad stuttering
06-04 Coeroenie SMCI 9:41 AM Terrible stuttering, 90% auto gen terrain
06-04 Ralleigh Airstrip SMRA 10:24 AM
06-04 Cabana Airstrip SMCB 10:40 AM
06-04 Nieuw Jacobkondre Airstrip SMBN 10:45 AM Memory increasing, autogen terrain many trees
Terrible stuttering, button presses not registering, down to 2fps, restart
06-04 Nieuw Jacobkondre Airstrip SMBN 10:53 AM
06-04 Brownsweg Airstrip SMBS 11:04 AM
06-04 JA Pengel Intl SMJP 11:28 AM Paramaribo capital
06-04 Zorg en Hoop SMZO 11:41 AM
06-04 Jarikaba Airstrip SMJA 11:57 AM
Flight time 6:38 22 stops
Home to Camp de la Transportation
Was used between 1852 and 1946, built even before the city of Saint Laurent was started. Prisoners arrived here from France to be dispatched into Guiana to do development work.
Godo Holo Airstrip in Godo Olo, got one right!
Godo Holo is a group of villages in the Tapanahony resort of the Sipaliwini District of Suriname. The villages are inhabited by Maroons of the Ndyuka people. Godo Olo is the name for a group of three neighbouring villages: Saniki, Fisiti and Pikienkondre de Miranda.
Alalapadu is a Tiriyó village in the Sipaliwini District. The village was founded by Baptist missionaries next to the Alalapadu Airstrip in order to concentrate the Tiriyó of the area in one central village.
Nieuw Jacobkondre Airstrip on the Saramacca River
Nieuw Jacobkondre is a village inhabited by Matawai people, descendants of Africans who escaped slavery in the 17th and 18th centuries by fleeing into the jungles and fighting for their freedom.
Landing at Brownsweg Airstrip in Brownsweg (town)
Brownsweg was built in 1958 for the inhabitants of the area that was flooded after the construction of the Afobaka Dam. Mainly populated by Maroons, more descendants of Africans who formed settlements away from slavery.
Fort Zeelandia, originally a wooden fort built by the French in 1640, which during the British colonial days was reinforced and became Fort Willoughby
It was taken by the Dutch in 1667 and renamed Fort Zeelandia. Suriname was seized by a Dutch fleet in 1667, and that year it was ceded to the Netherlands in exchange for New Amsterdam (now New York City). (Except for the years 1799–1802 and 1804–15, when it was under British rule, Suriname remained under Dutch rule until its independence in 1975.
Surinaams Museum in Fort Zeelandia
Also here a memorial to the 15 fifteen prominent young Surinamese men, who had criticized the military dictatorship and for that were shot here on December 8, 1982, known as the December murders.
Suriname was frequently in the news when I was growing up in the Netherlands, Dési Bouterse, the then dictator (1980-1987) was mentioned often. Quite the figure, responsible for several human rights violations, received a controversial amnesty for those violations, was suspected and convicted for drug trafficking yet became president of Suriname again from 2010 to 2020. The amnesty has been overruled and he was eventually convicted for the December murders (next to still having an arrest warrant for drug trafficking)
No more news about him since the pandemic started, still at large I assume.
That was a very interesting trip for me, being Dutch by birth. It still amazes me how little the (former) colonies were mentioned in school, not in history class, geography nor social studies / current affairs. I didn’t even know where Suriname was on the map before I started this trip.
Next leg, to Guyana then on to the Caribbean.
Leg 288, Jarikaba, Suriname via Guyana and Brazil to Tocomita, Sección Capital Angostura, Venezuela
DAY06_05.PLN (9.2 KB)
Exploring Guyana today and a bit of Brazil and Venezuela. The border between Guyana and Venezuela is still contested, dotted line on the map.
06-05 Jarikaba Airstrip SMJA 5:38 AM
06-05 Totness SMCO 5:57 AM
06-05 Wageningen Airstrip SMWA 6:05 AM
06-05 Alupi Airstrip SMWG 6:11 AM
06-05 New Amsterdam SYNA 6:30 AM
06-05 Rosignol SYRO 6:34 AM
06-05 Cheddi Jagan Intl SYCJ 6:51 AM Georgetown capital (on the coast)
06-05 Bartica A SYBT 7:21 AM
06-05 Konawaruk SYKZ 7:50 AM
06-05 Kaieteur International PKSA 8:08 AM Kaieteur Falls 5°10’33.3"N 59°28’49.9"W
Weird bug, plane gone missing after flying the drone up high 8:44 AM
06-05 4°2’59.36" N59°8’55.06"W 8:51 AM
06-05 Annai SYAN 8:54 AM
06-05 Karanambo SYKR 9:01 AM
06-05 Lethem SYLH 9:11 AM
06-05 Lethem SYLT 9:20 AM
06-05 Pouso da Aguia SWPD 9:42 AM
06-05 Boa Vista Intl SBBV 9:47 AM
06-05 Ouro FIno SWOF 9:51 AM
06-05 Leao de Ouro SJLM 10:25 AM
06-05 El Pauji SVPI 10:36 AM
06-05 Uon-Quen SVUQ 10:50 AM
06-05 Kavac SVUX 11:19 AM
06-05 Uruyen SVUY 11:22 AM Bad terrain quality
06-05 Canaima SVCN 11:40 AM
06-05 Antabare SVTE 11:49 AM Mostly autogen terrain, low detail river/lake polygons
06-05 Tocomita SV76 12:24 PM
Flight time 6:39 24 stops
Apparently the Dutch were first to settle Guyana back in 1616 after they gained independence from Spain. However it was claimed by the Spanish until the Dutch officially gained sovereignty of Guyana in 1648 by the Treaty of Munster.
The Dutch goal to trade with the natives was soon abandoned in favor of plantation style farming. However the native population was not up to the diseases introduced from Europe. Thus the Dutch West India Company started bringing slaves over from Africa.
Soon the slave population outnumbered the colonists and in 1763 the Berbice slave uprising threatened European control of the region. The rebels were defeated with the assistance of troops from neighboring European colonies, the British, French, Sint Eustatius and overseas from the Dutch Republic.
Before that, the Dutch had already opened the doors to British immigrants since 1746 to attract more settlers. Some parts were already British in majority by 1760. In 1781 war broke out between The Netherlands and Britain, France got involved, land changed hands back and forth and the Dutch were in power again in 1784.
What eventually turned Guyana into British Guyana was the French occupation of the Netherlands in 1795, part of the Napoleonic wars after the French revolution. The British declared war on France and subsequently took control of the Dutch colonies. By means of the treaty of Amiens, the Dutch gained control again in 1802.
The Netherlands was still occupied by France (until 1813). Britain declared war on France again in 1803 and took control of the colonies yet again. At he London convention of 1814, the colonies were officially ceded to Britain. In 1831 British Guyana was formed (colonies combined) which remained under British control until 1966 when Guyana become independent.
We had all the wars with Spain, France and Britain in high school, yet all the ripple effects on the colonies were left out. As well as the minor detail of slavery…
Houston district in Georgetown, the capital of Guyana
Originally named Longchamps, established by the French in 1782. The Dutch renamed it Stabroek in 1784 and moved the colonial capital here. The British changed the name to Georgetown in 1812.
Demarara Harbour Bridge (floating bridge) and St Georges Cathedral
In the middle, the 1763 monument, dedicated to Cuffy, leader of the 1763 Berbice slave uprising
Zooming around high with the drone triggered a bizarre bug, no more plane, just a single white dot left
Also no more instruments, no HUD, no cockpit, nothing. I had to restart the game to get the plane back
I’ll be heading for the Caribbean tomorrow, starting with Trinidad and Tobago.
Leg 289, Tocomita, Sección Capital Angostura, Venezuela via Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, St Vincent and the Grenadines and Barbados to Castries, St Lucia
DAY06_06.PLN (8.2 KB)
On to the Caribbean. There is a lot to see, lots of island nations close together. I count 22 in total, 5 of them in this leg. Island hopping is always fun, even better with good water masks and there are some beautiful areas around here.
06-06 Tocomita SV76 5:58 AM
06-06 Ciudad Bolivar SVCB 6:12 AM
06-06 Manuel Carlos Piar SVPR 6:32 AM
06-06 Macagua SVDN 6:36 AM
06-06 Uracoa SV13 6:54 AM
06-06 Pedernales SVPE 7:21 AM Plane animation broken, autogen terrain
06-06 Almirante Cristobal Colon SVGI 7:35 AM
Macuro 10°39’24.7"N 61°56’35.0"W
Port of Spain 10°39’55.7"N 61°30’50.1"W capital
06-06 Camden Airfield TTCO 8:10 AM Poor terrain data
06-06 Piarco Intl TTPP 8:16 AM
06-06 Crown Point TTCP 8:35 AM
06-06 Point Salines Intl TGPY 9:17 AM
06-06 Grenville TPGP 9:25 AM
06-06 Lauriston TGPZ 9:38 AM
06-06 Union I Intl TVSU 9:44 AM
06-06 Canouan TVSC 9:53 AM
06-06 Mustique Is TVSM 10:02 AM
06-06 JF Mitchell TVSB 10:11 AM
06-06 ET Joshua TVSV 10:19 AM
06-06 Argyle Intl TVSA 10:23 AM
06-06 Grantley Adams Intl TBPB 11:09 AM Bad terrain quality
06-06 Hewanorra Intl TLPL 11:46 AM
06-06 George F Charles TLPC 12:03 PM
Flight time 6:05 21 stops
Port of Spain, the capital of Trinidad and Tobago. Fort George sitting on the top of the hill
Trinidad and Tobago gained independence from Great Britain in 1962. Since the arrival of Columbus in 1492, the two islands have been in the hands of the Spanish, British, Dutch, French and Courlander colonists (Dutchy of Courland, now Latvia) Originally inhabited by native Amerindian peoples.
Fort George (popular name) this one build by the French in the 18th century and ■■■■■■ of the Deep
Grenada was originally inhabited by the indigenous Arawaks and later by the Island Caribs, then became a French colony from 1649 to 1763 when Grenada fell into British hands. Grenada finally got its independence back in 1974. However in 1983 they were occupied again, this time by the USA out of fear that a 3,000 meter airstrip that was being build, could be used as a military refueling stop for Soviet and Cuban planes. US troops withdrew at the end of the year after receiving heavy criticism by the United Nations General Assembly.
Kingstown is the capital of St Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent has a British colonial history and gained independence in 1979. Originally the islands were inhabited by the indigenous Garifuna people, who became known as the “Black Caribs”, successfully resisting colonisation by the Europeans. However in 1719 the French succeeded to collonise Saint Vincent. Then the British captured the island in 1763. Several wars with the Carib people followed, in between the Carib wars France captured the island again in 1779, Britain got it back in 1783.
La Soufriere erupted less than 2 months ago
Bridgetown is the capital of Barbedos, a port city on the island’s southwest coast
Barbados may have been inhabited as early as 1600 BC. From the 4th to 7th century the island was inhabited by the Saladoid-Barrancoid, followed by the Arawaks from South America between 800-1200 AD, then by the more war like Kalinago (Island Caribs) from the 12th century onwards. The British colonised the island in 1627 and started bringing over indentured servants and involuntarily transported people from Ireland to work on plantations. During the sugar revolution, the Dutch transported enslaved Africans to the island to work on sugar plantations. Several slave rebellions followed, same as in Guyana, the largest one led by Bussa in 1816.
Castries is located on the northwest side of the island
St Lucia was previously called Lyonola, named by the native Arawaks and later Hewanorra, the name given by the native Caribs. France first settled the island in 1660, then fought over the island with the British in 14 successive wars, the island changing hands 14 times until the British took definitive control in 1814. Because the island switched hands so often it was also known as the “Helen of the West Indies”. St Lucia became independent in 1979.
More of the Caribbean tomorrow, Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe. A bit slower pace perhaps, there is a lot of information to digest in a small geographical area. Very interesting and very beautiful area.
Leg 290, Castries, St Lucia via Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua and Barbuda, St Kitts & Nevis, St Eustatius and Saba to Gustavia, St Barthélemy
DAY06_07.PLN (7.8 KB)
I did go slower today (avg speed of 76 knots) but the islands are all close together, thus still a whole bunch of island nations one after the other. Great sightseeing.
06-07 George F Charles TLPC 5:36 AM
06-07 Le Lamentin TFFF 5:55 AM La Caravelle Lighthouse 14°46’20"N 60°52’54"W
06-07 Canefield Intl TDCF 6:44 AM
06-07 Melville Hall TDPD 6:54 AM
06-07 Marie Galante TFFM 7:05 AM
06-07 Le Saints TFFS 7:16 AM Fort Napoleon des Saintes 15°52’31"N 61°34’56"W
06-07 Terre-de-Bas TFTE 7:26 AM
06-07 Baillif TFFB 7:39 AM
06-07 Le Raizet TFFR 7:51 AM
06-07 Saint Francois TFFC 8:03 AM
06-07 Desirade TFFA 8:12 AM
06-07 Osborne Intl TRPG 8:55 AM
06-07 VC Bird Intl TAPA 9:15 AM
06-07 Cocoa Point COCO 9:28 AM
06-07 Codrington TAPH 9:40 AM Not here
06-07 Codrington 17°38’09.7"N 61°49’40.4"W 9:46 AM
06-07 Vance Winkworth Amory TKPN 10:08 AM
06-07 Bradshaw Intl TKPK 10:21 AM
06-07 FD Roosevelt TNCE 10:39 AM
06-07 Juancho E Yrausquin TNCS * 11:00 AM 3 attempts, very short, 977ft
06-07 St Barthelemy I TFFJ * 11:34 AM 2107ft
Flight time 5:58 20 stops
Fort-De-France, the capital of Martinique
Martinique is an overseas region of France, part of the Lesser Antilles, one of the windward islands, an Outermost Region (OMR) of the European Union and a special territory of the European Union.
Turning over Parc La Savane on the way to the airport
Martinique was first populated by the Arawaks (1st century) and later taken over by the Caribs (11th century). The French landed in 1635 after being driven of St Kitts by the British. Skirmishes with the Caribs followed but the French repelled them. In 1654, Dutch Jews expelled from Portuguese Brazil introduced sugar plantations worked by large numbers of enslaved Africans.
RSMA Fort De France (military base) below me
From 1688 Martinique served as a home port for French pirates, then was occupied by the British in 1693, 1759, 1762 and 1779. In 1815 it was traded back to France at the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars.
Druing WW2, the pro-Nazi Vichy government, controlling Martinique at the time, let German U-boats use Martinique for refuelling and re-supply during the Battle of the Caribbean. Free French forces took over the island on Bastille day, July 14 1943
In 1946 the colony was transformed into an Overseas Department of France, and became a French region / overseas “department” of France in 1982
Also the name of the capital of Guadeloupe, Basse-Terre
Guadeloupe is a French overseas region, an archipelago of more than 12 islands, As a constituent territory of the European Union and the Eurozone, the euro is its official currency and any European Union citizen is free to settle and work there indefinitely
Heading for Aérodrome de Basse-Terre - Baillif
The islands were first populated, possibly as far back as 3000BC. First identifiable group were the Arawaks, which were displaced by the Kalina-Carib people, circa 1400 AD
Tour du Père-Labat, ruins of an old tower along the coast next to the airport
Attempts at colonization by the Spanish were unsuccessful in the 16th century. In 1626 the French started taking an interest in the island. The French brought in farmers who spread European diseases that led to the death of many indigenous people. From 1650 African slaves were brought in to work on the plantations. Guadeloupe was annexed to France in 1674. (from the French West India Company)
Fort Delgrès, started as a strong house in 1650
The British captured the island during the seven years war (1756-1763) after which France got it back by the Treaty of Paris. France forfeited its Canadian colonies in exchange for the return of Guadeloupe.
Marina de Rivière-Sens-Gourbeyre
Britain invaded Guadeloupe again in 1794 after the Frence Revolution brought chaos to Guadeloupe. The French recaptured the island, slavery was abolished then reinstated in 1802. A slave rebellion followed, led by Louis Delgrès, which ended in mass suicide after they realized the stood no chance against Franch soldiers in the Battle of Matouba.
Champ d’Arbaud (park) on the left and Market Basse-Terre on the right
Britain captured the island another time in 1810 which was then handed over to Sweden in the 1813 Treaty of Stockholm. Then handed back to France in 1815 by the Treaty of Vienna. Guadeloupe eventually became a French region in 1974.
Montserrat’s Soufriere Hills volcano erupted in 1995 making half the island uninhabitable
Landing at John A. Osborne / Gerald’s Airport (MNI) in Brades, the current capital of Montserrat
The first known settlers were Irishmen from St Kitts in 1632, followed by more settlers from Virginia. The Irish being historical allies of the French, especially in their dislike of the English, invited the French to claim the island in 1666. It was captured shortly afterwards by the English and English control of the island was confirmed under the Treaty of Breda the following year.
Osborne International Airport
France attacked the island in 1712 but failed. A slave rebellion in 1768 failed as well, but eventually (in 1985) led to making St Patrick’s Day a ten-day public holiday to commemorate the uprising.
Little Bay (site for constructing a new port) and Carr’s Bay
France captured the island in 1782 in their support of the Americans in the American Revolutionary War. The agreed to return the island to Great Britain in the Treaty of Paris in 1783. Currently Montserrat is an internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
Getting ready to land at V.C. Bird International Airport
Independence was granted from the United Kingdom on 1 November 1981. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Commonwealth and Elizabeth II is the country’s queen and head of state. Same as Canada, I had to pledge allegiance to Queen Elizabeth II when I became a Canadian citizen.
I know that game, a version of Mancala
Basseterre, the capital of St Kitts & Nevis, on the opposite side of the island from Half Moon Bay below
Saint Kitts and Nevis were among the first islands in the Caribbean to be colonized by Europeans, by the English in 1623. Before that the islands were inhabited as far back as 3000 BC by pre-Arawaken peoples, followed by the Arawak about 1000 BC and the Island Carib invaded around 800 AD.
The French also settled on the island in 1625 in peaceful co-existence with the English. After they met resistance from the natives, the Anglo-French settlers joined forces in 1626 the to massacre the Kalinago at a place that became known as Bloody Point.
Saint Kitts Scenic Railway
A Spanish expedition in 1629 expelled the settlers, but they were allowed back as part of the war settlement in 1630. Saint Kitts became the premier base for English and French expansion into the wider Caribbean. From St. Kitts the British settled the islands of Antigua, Montserrat, Anguilla and Tortola, and the French settled Martinique, the Guadeloupe archipelago and Saint Barthélemy.
During the late-17th century France and England fought for control over St Kitts and Nevis. The French renounced their claim to the islands with the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. By the close of the 1700s St. Kitts had become the richest British Crown Colony per capita in the Caribbean as result of its slave-based sugar industry.
As Britain became embroiled in war with its American colonies, the French decided to use the opportunity to re-capture St Kitts in 1782; however St Kitts was given back and recognised as British territory in the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
Oranjestad on Sint Eustatius
It is unclear if the island was inhabited by native peoples prior to European colonisation. From the first European settlement, in the 17th century until the early 19th century, St. Eustatius changed hands twenty-one times between the Netherlands, Britain and France.
A lot of similarities with Oranjestad on Aruba
St Eustatius became known as The Golden Rock due to it’s status as a free port since 1756. The island sold arms and ammunition to anyone willing to pay, and it was therefore one of the few places from which the young United States could obtain military stores. The good relationship between St. Eustatius and the United States resulted in the noted “First Salute” in 1776, the first international acknowledgment of American independence.
The trade between St. Eustatius and the United States was the main reason for the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War of 1780–1784. The British captured the island in 1781 and especially the Jewish population faced the brunt of British resentment for the island that helped the Americans to defeat them. The Dutch regained control of the looted and plundered island in 1784.
A series of disastrous French and British occupations of Sint Eustatius from 1795 to 1815 diverted trade to the occupiers’ islands. St. Eustatius’ economy collapsed, and the merchants, including the Jews left. St. Eustatius reverted permanently to Dutch control from 1816.
St Eustatius Museum and Fort Oranje, unfortunately no inside views
After 1848, slavery only existed on the Dutch and Danish Caribbean islands, which caused unrest on the islands colonized by the Netherlands. Clashes followed and eventually in 1863 slavery was officially abolished in the Netherlands. The Dutch were among the last to abolish slavery.
Sint Eustatius became a member of the Netherlands Antilles when that grouping was created in 1954. As recent as 2010, the island became a special municipality of the Netherlands, together with Saba and Bonaire, but uses the US dollar as its currency.
The Bottom and forests of Mount Scenery
Saba is though to have been inhabited by the Ciboney people as early as the 1100s BC, replaced by the Arawak circa 800 AD. After a bit of back and forth between French, Englis and Dutch settlers, The Netherlands gained complete control of the island in 1816.
Well’s Bay and Windward side
A 86% vote in favor of closer ties to the Netherlands in a 2004 referendum resulted in Saba becoming a special municipality in 2010 when the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved.
Flying over Baie de St Jean while turning towards the airport
Before European contact the island was possibly frequented by Eastern Caribbean Taíno and Arawak people, who called the island ‘Ouanalao’. By 1648 the island was settled by the French.
Gustaf III Airport Approach
King Louis XVI traded the island to Sweden in 1784 in return for trading privileges in Gothenburg. This change of control saw progress and prosperity as the Swedes declared Gustavia a free port.
Nice long runway, 2,107ft, the approach from the opposite direction looks interesting though, nice hill
After the island hit several hardships, Sweden decided to give the island back to France in 1878, after which it was administered as part of Guadeloupe. The people of the island became French citizens with full rights in 1946.
I decided to park the plane for a change, nice airport
Before Brexit, St Barthexit happened. Saint-Barthélemy left the EU in 2012, ceased being an outermost region and became an Overseas Country or Territory (OCT)
Sint Maarten/Saint Martin is next, then Anguilla and further west.
Leg 291, Gustavia, St Barthélemy via Sint Maarten/Saint Martin, Anguilla, British Virgin Islandss, US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
DAY06_08.PLN (12.9 KB)
06-08 St Barthelemy I TFFJ 5:48 AM
06-08 Princess Juliana Intl TNCM 6:05 AM
06-08 Grand Case TFFG 6:12 AM
06-08 Wallblake TQPF 6:24 AM
06-08 Auguste George TUPA 6:56 AM
06-08 Virgin Corda TUPW 7:09 AM
06-08 Terrance B Lettsome TUPJ 7:13 AM
06-08 Henry E Rohlsen TISX 7:39 AM
06-08 Cyril E King TIST 8:03 AM
06-08 Benjamin Rivera Norlega TJCP 8:38 AM
06-08 Camp Garcia Vieques PR18 8:49 AM
06-08 Antonio Rivera Rodriguez TJVQ 8:53 AM
06-08 Roosevelt Roads NS (Ofstie Field) TJRV 8:59 AM
06-08 Humacao X63 9:08 AM
06-08 Luis Munoz Marin Intl TJSJ 9:22 AM San Juan capital
06-08 Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci TJIG 9:33 AM
06-08 Cuylers 02PR 9:42 AM Unclear runway
06-08 Santa Isabel PR27 9:55 AM
06-08 Fort Allen TJPO 9:58 AM
06-08 Mercedita TJPS 10:01 AM
06-08 Adjuntas PR20 10:12 AM
06-08 Lajas Airpark PR25 10:24 AM Short runway
06-08 Boqueron PR10 10:28 AM Tree at end of runway
06-08 Eugenio Maria De Hostos TJMZ 10:35 AM
06-08 Labadie PR05 10:41 AM Sunken runway, trees at end of runway
06-08 Rafael Hernandez TJBQ 10:44 AM
06-08 Mona MDPU 11:08 AM
06-08 Punta Cana Intl MDPC 11:24 AM
06-08 Baigua MDBG 11:31 AM
06-08 Casa de Campo Intl MDLR 11:40 AM
06-08 Batey Cacata MDBC 11:42 AM
06-08 La Romana Batey Lechuga MDBE 11:48 AM
06-08 Ramon Santana MDSP 11:54 AM
06-08 Los Llanos de Sabanatosa MDLL 12:04 PM
06-08 Jose F Pena Gomez Intl MDSD 12:10 PM Santo Domingo capital
05-08 El Higuero Intl MDJB 12:27 PM
Flight time 6:39 35 stops
Just a short hop to Sint Maarten on the southern half (40%) of Saint Martin island
Sint Maarten is an overseas (constituent) country and territory (OCT) within the Kingdom of the Netherlands (same as Aruba, Curaçao), not part of the European Union.
Philipsburg, the capital of Sint Maarten. Pond island below me inside Great Salt Pond
Saint Martin island was originally inhabited by the Amerindians as far back as 2000 BC. The first indentified group were the Arawak between 800 and 300 BC. As on many other islands, they were displaced by the Carib from around the 14th century.
Flying out over Simpson Bay to approach the airport from the Caribbean Sea
The Dutch were first to built a fort on the island in 1631 (Fort Amsterdam). Spain had interest in the island as well and captured the island in 1633. Spain and Holland were already at war (Eighty Years’ War 1568-1648)
Princess Juliana International airport, approach over Maho Beach
The Dutch failed to recapture the island in 1644, yet after the Eighty Year’s War ended, Spain simply abandoned the island in 1648. Both the Dutch and the French went back to re-establish their settlements. They signed the Treaty of Concordia the same year and divided the island in two.
Maho Beach, not recommended if you like peace and quiet
There were still many disputes over the border which changed 16 times. During the occupation of The Netherlands by France, the entire island effectively came under French control from 1795 to 1815. In the end the French came out with a bigger share of the island.
Views of Philipsburg, Rainforest Adventures St Maarten (zipline) on the right
When the French abolished slavery in 1848, the local Dutch authorities also had to free the slaves on their side. It wasn’t until Holland abolished slavery in 1863 that the slaves became legally free.
The remains of Fort Amsterdam
Sint Maarten became an “island territory” of the Netherlands Antilles in 1983, and became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 2010 when the Netherlands Antilles were disolved.
Hopping over to the other side of the island, Marigot, the capital of Saint-Martin
Saint-Martin comprises the Collectivity of Saint Martin and is an overseas collectivity of the French Republic and therefore part of the European Union. Basically the European border divides the island.
Landing at Anguilla-Clayton J Lloyd Airport serving The Valley, the capital of Anguilla
The earliest Native American artifacts found on Anguilla have been dated to around 1300 BC from the Arawak, who named the island Malliouhana.
Wallblake House, heritage plantation house and Heritage Collection Museum
The island of Anguilla became part of the associated state of Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla with full internal autonomy in 1967. Not happy with the dominance of Saint Kitts in the union, Anguillans forcibly ejected the St Kitts police force from the island and declared their separation from St Kitts the same year.
Little Bay and Crocus Bay
In 1969 British authority was restored, and confirmed by the Anguilla Act of July 1971. In 1980, Anguilla was finally allowed to formally secede from Saint Kitts and Nevis and become a separate British Crown colony (now a British overseas territory)
Road Town with Sir Olva Georges Plaza
Same familiar story, Arawaks came first (around 100BC), displaced by the Carib in the 15th century. The Spanish empire claimed the islands in the 16th century but never settled them. Subsequently English, Dutch, French, Spanish, and Danish all jostled for control of the region, which became a notorious haunt for pirates.
View from Tortola cruise ship pier
In 1672, the English captured Tortola from the Dutch, as well as Anegada and Virgin Gorda in 1680. Meanwhile (1672-1733), the Danish gained control of the nearby islands that are now part of the US Virgin Islands.
Callwood Rum Distillery, centuries-old sugar plantation & rum distillery
The United States purchased the Danish Virgin Islands for US$25 million in 1917. The BVI gained separate colony status in 1960 and became autonomous in 1967.
Getting ready to land at Cyril E. King Airport in Charlotte Amalie, the capital of the US virgin Islands
The US Virgin Islands, officially the Virgin Islands of the United States are an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States.
Charlotte Amalie, Long Bay and Baie de Grigri
The Danish West India Company settled on St. Thomas in 1672 and St. John in 1694, later purchasing St. Croix from France in 1733. The islands became royal Danish colonies in 1754, named the Danish West Indian Islands (De dansk-vestindiske øer).
Fort Chistian, built 1672-1680, a US National Historic Landmark since 1977 (museum)
In 1733, St. John was the site of one of the first significant slave rebellions in the New World when Akan–Akwamu slaves from the Gold Coast (modern Ghana) took over the island for six months. The Danish were able to defeat the enslaved Africans with help from the French in Martinique. Slavery was abolished on July 3 1848, now celebrated as Emancipation Day.
Blackbeard Castle, Historic District and the Three Queens Fountain with Queen Mary, Queen Agnes and Queen Josiah who led a successful 1878 insurrection against the Danish Government demanding improved working and living conditions
The US developed an interest in the islands since 1867. After several rejected attempts to purchase the islands, WWI became the catalyst to finalize the deal and the US took over the islands from Denmark for $25 million dollars (nearly $600 million in today’s currency)
Hipódromo V Centenario in Santo Domingo, the capital of the Dominican Republic
The Dominican Republic is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, occupying the eastern 5/8ths of the island, shared with Haiti.
Faro a Colon, concrete memorial honoring Christopher Columbus
The native Taíno people had inhabited Hispaniola before the arrival of Europeans, dividing it into five chiefdoms. The Taíno had constructed an advanced farming and hunting society, and were in the process of becoming an organized civilization.
Christopher Columbus explored and claimed the island for Spain, landing there on his first voyage in 1492
The colony of Santo Domingo became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, and the first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World. Meanwhile, France occupied the western third of Hispaniola, naming their colony Saint-Domingue, which became the independent state of Hait in 1804 after the Haitian Revolution.
Parque Independencia, in the middle where all the roads lead to
During the nineteenth century, Dominicans were often at war, fighting the French, Haitians, Spanish, or amongst themselves, resulting in a society heavily influenced by military strongmen. After more than three hundred years of Spanish rule, the Dominican people declared independence in November 1821.
Views of Santo Domingo with Malecón de Santo Domingo on the right
Internal conflicts followed, several failed invasions by Haiti, a brief return to Spanish colonial status (1861-1865), occupation by the US (1916-1924), civil war in 1965 ended by US military occupation, then became a representative democracy in 1972.
Next leg, more of the Dominican Republic and on to Haiti, then to Jamaica.
Leg 292, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic to Cap Dame Marie, Haiti
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Exploring Hispaniola today, the island shared between the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
05-09 El Higuero Intl MDJB 6:25 AM
06-09 Arroyo Barril Intl MDAB 6:46 AM
06-09 El Portillo MDPO 6:52 AM
06-09 El Catey Intl MDCY 7:01 AM
06-09 Angelina MDAN 7:12 AM
06-09 El Ranchito MDER 7:18 AM
06-09 Cibao Intl MDST 7:28 AM
06-09 Gregorio Luperon Intl MDPP 7:37 AM
06-09 Penuela / Esperanza Field MDES 7:50 AM
06-09 Piloto MDPM 7:56 AM
06-09 Villa Elisa MDVI 7:58 AM
06-09 Monte Cristi MDMC 8:07 AM Low res terrain
06-09 Walterio MDWO 8:11 AM
06-09 Dajabon MDDJ 8:16 AM
06-09 Ouanaminthe MTOU 8:20 AM
06-09 Pignon MTPI 8:32 AM
06-09 Cap Haitien Intl MTCH 8:43 AM
06-09 Port de Paix MTPX 9:04 AM
06-09 Anse Rouge MTAS 9:14 AM
06-09 Anse-a-Galets MTAN 9:35 AM
06-09 Toussaint Louverture MTPP 9:56 AM Port-au-Prince capital
06-09 Comendador MDCO 10:12 AM
06-09 Maria Montez Intl MDBH 10:34 AM
06-09 Cabo Rojo MDCR 10:49 AM
06-09 Jacmel MTJA 11:09 AM
06-09 Fond des Blancs MTFO 11:21 AM
06-09 Cayes MTCA 11:41 AM
06-09 Jeremie MTJE 11:55 AM
06-09 Dame-Marie MTDA 12:06 PM
Flight time 5:41 28 stops
Solidarite Market, the red roofed building below
The island was originally inhabited by the indigenous Ciboney and Taíno people (since around 5000 BC). The first Europeans arrived on 5 December 1492 during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus. Columbus founded the first European settlement in the Americas, La Navidad (present day Caracol) when his ship, the Santa Maria, ran aground. 39 settlers were left on the island. They were all killed after relations with Taíno broke down.
However, the sailers brought endemic diseases with them to which the natives had no immunity. The first recorded smallpox epidemic in the Americas erupted on Hispaniola in 1507.
Circuit 9 Haiti race track nearby Port-au-Prince-Toussaint Louverture International Airport
While the Spanish focussed their colonization efforts on the eastern two-thirds, the western part was gradually settled by French Buccaneers. In 1697 France and Spain settled their hostilities on the island by way of the Treaty of Ryswick of 1697, which divided Hispaniola between them.
Iron Market and Champ de Mars, the biggest public park in downtown Port-au-Prince
In the midst of the French Revolution (1789-1799), slaves and free people of color launched the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804). After 12 years of conflict Haiti became independent.
Troubles were far from over, many internal conflicts and conflicts with the Spanish side of the island followed as well as the French trying to reclaim Haiti. The USA occupied Haiti in WW1 (1915) and stayed there until 1935. The situation did not improve, more unrest, political killings, revolts, tropical hurricanes, earthquakes, it’s an ongoing struggle.
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption, destroyed in the 2010 earthquake which killed 200,000 people
Le Marron Inconnu (The Unknown Maroon) depicting a runaway slave, made by by Haitian architect Albert Mangonès in 1967, regarded as a symbol of black liberation.
Jamaica tomorrow then on to the Cayman Islands.
Leg 293, Cap Dame Marie, Haiti via Jamaica and Cayman Islands to Sandino, Cuba
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I didn’t get to see the solar eclipse at home, too early, plus the sun comes up over a ridge where I live. By the time it came out over the tree line, the partial eclipse was pretty much done as well. Next one here in 3 years (and during the day this time). They once told me it’s a once in a lifetime experience…
However I did get to see the (partial) eclipse in the Caribbean while flying from Haiti to Jamaica. That’s the second solar eclipse I’ve seen on this tour, first one in Egypt Leg 114 at sunset.
06-10 Dame-Marie MTDA 6:20 AM
06-10 Manchioneal Airstrip MKMA 6:59 AM
06-10 Bath Airfield MKGO 7:03 AM
06-10 Norman Manley Intl MKJP 7:16 AM Kingston capital
06-10 Tinson Pen MKTP 7:22 AM
06-10 Tulloch Airstrip MKBO 7:39 AM
06-10 Ewarton Airstrip MKEW 7:45 AM
06-10 Worthy Park Airstrip MKLL 7:51 AM
06-10 Race Course MKRA 7:59 AM
06-10 Nain Airstrip MKNA 8:08 AM Trees at end of runway
06-10 Kirkvine Airstrip MKWI 8:14 AM
06-10 Silent Hill Airstrip MKCO 8:19 AM Buildings right next to narrow runway
06-10 Puerto Seco Airstrip MKDI 8:29 AM
06-10 Sangster Intl MKJS 8:45 AM
06-10 Mafoota Airstrip MKAN 8:53 AM
06-10 Negril Aerodrome MKNG 9:04 AM
06-10 Gerrard-Smith Intl MWCB 9:52 AM
06-10 Bodden Field MWCL 10:04 AM
06-10 Roberts Intl MWCR George Town capital 10:33 AM
06-10 Vilo Acuna Intl MUCL 11:25 AM
06-10 Rafael Cabrera MUNG 11:53 AM
06-10 Siguanea MUSN 11:59 AM
06-10 San Julian MUSJ 12:27 PM
Flight time 6:07 22 stops
Kingston, the capital of Jamaica
Originally inhabited by the indigenous Taíno peoples (4000-1000BC), Christopher Columbus claimed the island for Spain in 1494. The Spanish established their first settlement on the island in 1509. As on many other islands, the indigenous population started dying from imported diseases and enslavement.
Tinson Pen Aerodrome in Kingston
The Spanish started to bring African slaves to the island for labour. Some of them escaped to the interior, mixed with the left over Taíno and became known as Maroons.
King’s House Jamaica in the middle of the park and Bob Marley’s former home / museum just past the park on the left side of the road below
In 1655 the English invade Jamaica after a failed attempt to conquer Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic). Then English captured the island in 1660 with help of the Maroons. During the centuries of slavery, Jamaican maroons established free communities in the mountainous interior of Jamaica.
The Spanish made several attempts to recapture Jamaica. The British responded by supporting pirates attacking Spanish ships, as a result piracy became rampant on Jamaica.
Spain recognised English possession of the island with the Treaty of Madrid in 1670, thusthe English authorities tried to clean up the rampant piracy on the island.
Emancipation park, a commemoration of the end of slavery
The British outlawed salvery in 1834 with full emancipation in 1838, after many slave rebellions, the last one in 1831 known as the Baptist war. It was not the last rebellion though, in 1865 the Morant Bay Rebellion took place because of continued racial discrimination and marginalisation of the black majority.
The national gallery of Jamaica, some art pieces depicting the brutality used in squashing rebellions
Jamaice became a crown colony in 1866, In 1958 it became a province in the Federation of the West Indies, a federation of several of Britain’s Caribbean colonies, and became fully independent in 1962 (although still a part of the commonwealth)
Who doesn’t know Bob Marley
A major cruise ship port
Sam Sharpe square on the right with a monument to the abolitionist Baptist preacher Samuel Sharpe who led the Baptist War in 1831. The slave rebellion which led to the end of slavery 3 years later.
George Town/Owen Roberts Airport
No archaeological evidence for an indigenous presence has been found on the Cayman Islands. The first recorded permanent inhabitant (Isaac Bodden) was born on Grand Cayman around 1661. England took formal control of the Cayman Islands, along with Jamaica, as a result of the Treaty of Madrid of 1670.
Cayman Spirits and Camana Bay
The Cayman Islands became officially administered as a dependency of the Crown Colony of Jamaica in 1863. They became a separate Crown colony in 1962, when Jamaica became an independent Commonwealth realm.
Flip Flop Tree, Smiths’s Barcadere and Governers Beach
We have one of those shoe trees here, started by a grandmother in 2004 by nailing her grand kids’ shoes to the tree. It got so popular it needed some cleaning up a few years ago.
The Cayman islands is known for its great diving and snorkeling opportunities. The USS Kittiwake is a popular ‘wreck’. Purposely sunk to create an artificial reef
8 years later
Exploring Cuba next. it’s a big island, will probably take more than one leg to traverse, but at least I should reach Havanna tomorrow.
Leg 294, Sandino to Cayo Las Brujas, Cuba
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There are a lot of airstrips in Cuba, fun to land at most of them. Terrain quality is hit and miss yet the water masks at the end of today’s leg are amazing.
06-11 San Julian MUSJ 7:04 AM
06-11 Las Clavellinas MUCV 7:09 AM
06-11 Mantua Airport MUMN 7:12 AM
06-11 Pinar Del Rio MUPR 7:28 AM
06-11 Las Cruces MUDA 7:35 AM
06-11 El Caribe MUBE 7:39 AM
06-11 Los Zagales MULJ 7:45 AM
06-11 La Cubana MULL 7:48 AM
06-11 La Francia Airfield MULS 7:51 AM
06-11 La Asuncion MULO 7:53 AM
06-11 Branas MUSB 7:57 AM
06-11 El Frances MUCE 8:01 AM
06-11 Artemisa MUAR 8:07 AM
06-11 Playa Baracoa MUPB 8:15 AM
06-11 Santa Fe MUBB 8:19 AM
06-11 Ciudad Libertad MULB 8:24 AM Havanna capital
06-11 Jose Marti Intl MUHA 8:48 AM
06-11 Managua MUMG 8:55 AM
06-11 Juan de la Cruz MUGU 9:05 AM Parque Nacional Ciénaga de Zapata
06-11 Giron MUAG 9:50 AM
06-11 Aguada de Pasajeros MUAU 9:57 AM
06-11 Jaguey Grande North MUJG 10:04 AM Bad stuttering, RAM usage increasing
06-11 Juan G Gomez Intl MUVR 10:17 AM
06-11 Kawama MUKW 10:21 AM
06-11 Mieles MUCW 10:31 AM
06-11 Marti East MUMI 10:37 AM
06-11 Las Nuevas MUCQ 10:43 AM
06-11 Sagua La Grande MUSG 11:04 AM Bad stuttering, patchy terrain
06-11 Purio MUCZ 11:10 AM
06-11 Jutiera MUCK 11:15 AM
06-11 Caibarien MUCB 11:26 AM
06-11 Las Brujas MUBR 11:52 AM
Flight time 4:48 31 stops
Havana, the capital of Cuba on the straits of Florida
The earliest relics on the island date back to 5,000 BC, belonging to the ancestors of the Taíno who arrived from South America. By the time Columbus arrived, Cuba was inhabited by two distinct tribes of indigenous peoples of the Americas, the Taíno (including the Ciboney), and the Guanahatabey. The later Taíno arrived from Hispaniola sometime in the 3rd century A.D, it is unknown where the Guanahatabey came from, possibly a relict population of pre-Taíno settlers from the Greater Antilles.
Plaza de la Juventad along Malecón (stone-built embankment or esplanade along a waterfront)
Columbus claimed the island for Spain in 1492 and in 1511 the first Spanish settlement was founded at Baracoa. San Cristobal de la Habana (present day Havana) was founded in 1515. Within a century the indigenous people were virtually wiped out by Eurasian infectious diseases and repressive colonial subjugation.
The British captured Havanna in 1762 during the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) and took control of the western part of the island. The Spanish got Cuba back in 1763 as part of the Treaty of Paris, in which Britain exchanged Cuba for Florida.
Castillo De Los Tres Reyes Del Morro (16th century fort) where my nose is pointing
Estimates suggest that between 1790 and 1820 some 325,000 Africans were imported to Cuba as slaves, which was four times the amount that had arrived between 1760 and 1790. In 1812, the Aponte Slave Rebellion took place, which was supressed. However by the 19th century, the practice of coartacion had developed (or “buying oneself out of slavery”, a “uniquely Cuban development”) in part due to Cuban slaves working primarily in urbanized settings. By 1860, 39% of its non-white population were free people of color.
Castillo de la Real Fuerza (mid 1500s star fort) and Parque Martires del 71 on the right
Cuba remained loyal to Spain when the rest of Spain’s empire in Latin America rebelled and formed independent states in the 1820s. The struggle for independence started with the 10 Years’ War in 1868. The battle was fought by volunteers from Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Mexico and the USA as well as numerous indentured Chinese servants. In 1878, the Pact of Zanjón ended the conflict, with Spain promising greater autonomy to Cuba.
Malecón de Habana, view from Castillo De Los Tres Reyes Del Morro on the right
Another revolutionary war started in 1895 led by José Martí. The rebel army relied mostly on guerilla and sabotage tactics, prompting the Spaniards to begin a campaign of suppression. The military herded the rural population into reconcentrados aka “fortified towns”, often considered the prototype for 20th-century concentration camps. Between 200,000 and 400,000 Cuban civilians died from starvation and disease in the Spanish concentration camps.
Castillo De Los Tres Reyes Del Morro
The USA declared war on Spain in 1898, after the USS Maine, sent to protect American interests in Cuba, exploded in Havana harbor. (Over the previous decades the USA had tried to buy Cuba from Spain) The Spanish-American War ended with the Treaty of Paris (1898), by which Spain ceded Puerto Rico, the Philippine, and Guam to the USA for the sum of US$20 million and Cuba became a protectorate of the United States.
Monumento a José Miguel Gómez and Plaza de la Revolución
Cuba gained formal independence from the US in 1902, as the Republic of Cuba. However the US retained the right to intervene in Cuban affairs and to supervise its finances and foreign relations, as well as lease the Guantánamo Bay Naval Base.
Museum of the Revolution
The Cuban revolution began in 1953, an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro against the military dictatorship of Cuban President Batista. Batista was ousted on 31 December 1958. 26 July 1953 is celebrated in Cuba as the Day of the Revolution (Dia de la Revolución) Fidel Castro (1926-2016) served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and President from 1976 to 2008.
The Bay of pigs
In March 1960, US President Eisenhower gave his approval to a CIA plan to arm and train a group of Cuban refugees to overthrow the Castro government. The invasion (known as the Bay of Pigs Invasion took place on 14 April 1961.
The attempt failed and in 1962 Cuba was suspended from the Organization of American States, and later the same year the OAS started to impose sanctions against Cuba of similar nature to the U.S. sanctions. The Cuban Missile Crisis (October 1962) almost sparked World War III.
That reminds me of Doe Maar, Before the bomb, music I grew up with
From the 1960s NATO has stored nuclear armaments in the Netherlands, basically the same thing as Russia putting it in US’ backyard. We grew up with monthly air raid alarm tests, although I never heard of anything what to do when the alarm would sound for real. Kiss your ■■■ goodbye I guess.
More of Cuba tomorrow.
Wow, Cuba is bigger than I thought! And I always love your history lessons.
Leg 295, Las Brujas, Cuba to Matthew Town, Great Inagua Island, The Bahamas
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Today, the eastern half of Cuba with a visit to the infamous Gitmo now called camp Justice.
06-12 Las Brujas MUBR 6:40 AM
06-12 Jardines Del Rey Intl MUCC 7:11 AM
06-12 Esmeralda MUES 7:32 AM
06-12 Ignacio Agramonte Intl MUCM 7:43 AM
06-12 Vartientes MUVS 7:55 AM
06-12 Las Cruces MUVI 8:01 AM
06-12 Fundo de Buena Ventura MUSR 8:08 AM
06-12 Guaicanamar MUST 8:16 AM
06-12 Francisco MUAM 8:23 AM
06-12 San Jose Northwest MUCI 8:29 AM
06-12 Jobabo Northwest MUJO 8:34 AM
06-12 El Dormitorio MULA 8:41 AM Bad stuttering, ram use increasing
06-12 Puente Guillen MURU 8:44 AM
06-12 Guamo MURA 8:46 AM
06-12 La Escondida MURO 8:57 AM
06-12 Sierra Maestra MUMZ 9:02 AM
06-12 Campechuela MUCP 9:08 AM
06-12 Pilon MUPL 9:17 AM
06-12 Corral de Rio MUBT 9:39 AM
06-12 Carlos M De Cespedes MUBY 9:58 AM
06-12 Delicias South MUCG 10:06 AM
06-12 Frank Pais MUHG 10:09 AM
06-12 Guardalavaca MUGV 10:23 AM
06-12 Preston MUBN 10:32 AM
06-12 Nicaro MUNC 10:38 AM
06-12 Antonio Maceo Intl MUCU 11:13 AM
06-12 Guantanamo Bay NAS MUGM 11:32 AM Gitmo 19°54’08.4"N 75°05’45.1"W
06-12 Mariana Grajales MUGT 11:48 AM
06-12 Imias MUBC 12:00 PM
06-12 Gustavo Rizo MUBA 12:11 PM
06-12 Inagua MYIG 12:35 PM
Flight time 5:55 30 stops
Martha Jimenez Perez Workshop Gallery at the Plaza del Carmen
Jiménez was one of the first graduates of the Cuban Art Instructors’ School in 1971 and won the UNESCO Distinction for the National Culture in 1997 as well as other awards
Compay Segundo (1907-2003) was a Cuban trova guitarist, singer and composer. He was part of the Buena Vista Social Club. Below a great documentary about the Buena Vista Social Club. I bought it on DVD in '99 and it turned out to be a great surprise, well worth the time to watch.
Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp aka Gitmo, officially named Camp Justice
Justice is far to be found though, the camp is widely criticized for inhumane treatment and torture of its prisoners. As of Januari 2021, 731 of the 780 people detained were transferred, 40 remain and 9 died while in custody. Only 8 have been ‘convicted’, mostly by plea bargain to return home.
The government of Cuba regards the U.S. presence in Guantánamo Bay as an illegal occupation on the basis that the Cuban–American Treaty “was obtained by threat of force and is in violation of international law.”
I’ll be exploring The Bahamas tomorrow, but first a quick visit to Turks and Caicos.
Leg 296, Matthew Town, Great Inagua Island, The Bahamas via Turks and Caicos Islands to Norman’s Cay, The Bahamas
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There are a lot of Bahamas with many airports, a long leg today with more Bahamas to come tomorrow. Turks and Caicos as well this leg and a few places with good water masks.
06-13 Inagua MYIG 6:01 AM
06-13 Ambergris Cay Intl MBAC 6:41 AM
06-13 Salt Cay MBSY 6:53 AM
06-13 Jags Mccartney Intl MBGT 7:02 AM Cockburn Town capital, ship stranded next to airport
06-13 South Caicos MBSC 7:13 AM
06-13 Conch Bar MBMC 7:28 AM
06-13 North Caicos MBNC 7:33 AM
06-13 Pine Cay MBPI 7:40 AM
06-13 Providenciales Intl MBPV 7:49 AM
06-13 West Caicos (emergency) MB01 7:58 AM
06-13 Mayaguana MYMM 8:18 AM
06-13 Spring Point MYAP 8:39 AM Trees at end of runway
06-13 Colonel Hill MYCI 8:53 AM
06-13 Pittstown Point MYX1 8:57 AM
06-13 Duncan Town MYRD 9:29 AM
06-13 Exuma Intl MYEF 10:05 AM
06-13 Hog Cay Exuma MYZ1 10:18 AM
06-13 Deadmans Cay MYLD 10:28 AM
06-13 Stella Maris MYLS 10:39 AM
06-13 Hog Cay MYXC 10:42 AM Low quality terrain
06-13 Cape Santa Maria MYLM 10:45 AM
06-13 New Port Nelson MYRP 10:56 AM
06-13 San Salvador Intl MYSM 11:05 AM
06-13 Cutlass Bay MYCX 11:25 AM
06-13 Hawks Nest MYE4 11:29 AM
06-13 New Bight MYCB 11:33 AM
06-13 Arthur’s Town MYCA 11:44 AM
06-13 Lee Stocking Island MYXE 12:05 PM
06-13 Little Darby Island MYXF 12:13 PM
06-13 Darby Island MYX8 12:15 PM
06-13 Rudder Cut Cay MYX7 12:19 PM Hilly runway
06-13 Farmer’s Cay MYE3 12:23 PM
06-13 Black Point MYEB 12:28 PM
06-13 Leaf Cay MYXD 12:33 PM Short ‘runway’
06-13 Staniel Cay MYES 12:37 PM
06-13 Sampson Cay MYXH 12:39 PM
06-13 Fowl Cay MYXA 12:43 PM Short runway
06-13 Norman’s Cay MYEN 12:57 PM
Flight time 6:56 37 stops
Cockburn Town, the capital of the Turks and Caicos Islands
The first inhabitants of the islands were the Arawakan-speaking Taíno people, who most likely crossed over from Hispaniola (Dominican Republic / Haiti) some time from 500 to 800 AD.
In 1512 the Spanish started capturing the Taíno and Lucayans (from the southern Bahamas) as workers in the encomienda system (Spanish labor system) to replace the largely depleted native population of Hispaniola. Together with the introduction of diseases, the islands were completely depopulated by about 1513, and remained so until the 17th century.
From the mid 17th century salt collectors from Bermuda started settling on the island together with their African slaves. During the Anglo-French War (1778–1783) the French captured the archipelago, however it was later confirmed as British colony with the Treaty of Paris (1783). In 1799, both the Turks and the Caicos island groups were annexed by Britain as part of the Bahamas.
Columbus Landfall National Park
In 1848 Britain designated the Turks and Caicos as a separate colony under a council president. Then made part of the Jamaica colony in 1873-4. In 1917, Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden suggested that [the Turks and Caicos join Canada), but this suggestion was rejected. In 1959 the islands were again designated as a separate colony, then became a Crown Colony in 1962 when Jamaica was granted independence from Britain.
Blue water divers, as pretty below as it is above the water
When the Bahamas gained independence in 1973, the Turks and Caicos received their own governor in 1974. In 2002 the islands were re-designated a British Overseas Territory, with islanders gaining full British citizenship. (Although from 2009 to 2012 Britain took over when Premier Michael Misick resigned in the face of corruption charges)
Turks and Caicos National Museum and Mega One Triton shipwreck on Governer’s beach
Some experts estimate the beautiful yet treacherous reefs around Grand Turk may have claimed nearly 1,000 ships although few remain today. The Mega One Triton washed ashore during Hurricane Sandy in 2012.
That was a lot of Cay hopping fun. More tomorrow while visiting the capital of The Bahamas.
Leg 297, Norman’s Cay to West End, West Grand Bahama, The Bahamas
DAY06_14.PLN (9.8 KB)
I ran into the honey hole of water masked areas, the area around Nassau. The largest continuous area with water masks applied I have seen in the game. This is going to be a long post with lots of lovely shallow water shots.
06-14 Norman’s Cay MYEN 6:15 AM
06-14 Cape Eleuthera MYZ2 6:29 AM
06-14 Rock Sound Intl MYER 6:37 AM
06-14 Governors Harbour MYEM 6:57 AM
06-14 North Eleuthera MYEH 7:23 AM
06-14 Lynden Pindling Intl MYNN 8:14 AM Nassau capital 25°2’40"N 77°21’2"W
06-14 Congo Town MYAK 8:41 AM
06-14 Bain MYAB 8:48 AM Low quality terrain
06-14 Andros Town Intl MYAF 9:03 AM
06-14 San Andros MYAN 9:21 AM
06-14 Chub Cay Intl MYBC 9:40 AM
06-14 Big Whale Cay MYX4 9:44 AM
06-14 Little Whale Cay MYZ3 9:47 AM
06-14 Great Harbour Cay MYBG 10:03 AM
06-14 Cistern Cay MYX5 10:06 AM
06-14 Mores Island MYAO 10:23 AM
06-14 Castaway Cay MYXB 10:31 AM
06-14 Sandy Point Apt MYAS 10:36 AM
06-14 Marsh Harbour MYAM 10:48 AM
06-14 Scotland Cay MYXI 10:53 AM
06-14 Treasure Cay MYAT 11:01 AM
06-14 Spanish Cay MYAX 11:08 AM
06-14 Walkers Cay MYAW 11:26 AM
06-14 Deep Water Cay MYXZ 11:45 AM
06-14 Grand Bahama Aux AF MYGM 11:58 AM
06-14 Grand Bahama Intl MYGF 12:08 PM
06-14 West End MYGW 12:16 PM
Flight time 6:04 26 stops
Nassau, the capital of The Bahamas, located on New Providence
The first inhabitants of The Bahamas were the Taino people, who arrived from Hispaniola and Cuba between 800 - 1100 AD. They came to be known as the Lucayan people. An estimated 30,000 Lucayans inhabited The Behamas before the arrival of Columbus.
Columbus made first contact with the Lucayans in 1492 and exchanged goods with them, claiming the islands for the Crown of Castile. The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas divided the new territories between the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Portugal, placing The Bahamas in the Spanish sphere.
Paradise Island on the left, Potters Cay in the middle
While the Spanish did not settle on The Behamas, they did enslave the Lucayans to use for labour on Hispaniola. Together with the spread of imported infectious diseases, the population of The Bahamas was severely diminished.
Thomas Robinson Stadium
The first English settlers arrived on the islands in 1648, and established the first permanent European settlement on an island they called Eleuthera (Greek for freedom). In 1670, King Charles II granted the islands to the Lords Proprietors of the Carolinas in North America, which were now governed from their base on New Providence.
Present day Nassau, a popular cruise-ship stop
Piracy and attacks from hostile foreign powers were a constant threat. In 1684, Charles Town (now Nassau) was raided by the Spanish and in 1703, a joint Franco-Spanish expedition briefly occupied Nassau during the War of the Spanish Succession.
Fort Fincastle, 1793 limestone fort built in shape of paddle-wheeler
During proprietary rule, The Bahamas became a haven for pirates, including Blackbeard (circa 1680–1718) To suppress priracy, Great Britain made The Bahamas a crown colony in 1718, which they dubbed “The Bahama islands”.
Fort Charlotte (1788 limestone fort), Queens Staircase to Fort Fincastle (carved by slaves from limestone in 1793) and Fort Montagu (1741 limestone fort). There are a lot of forts around Nassau
The islands became a target for US naval forces during the American War of Independence. The US Navy briefly occupied Nassau in 1776, In 1782 the city surrendered to a Spanish fleet without a fight. In the Treaty of Paris (1783) the islands were returned to Britain in exchange for East Florida. After US independence, the British resettled some 7,300 Loyalists with their African slaves in The Bahamas.
Heritage Museum of The Bahamas
During the 19th century, The Bahamas became a safe haven for freed and escaped African slaves. Britain abolished slave trading in 1807 (Slave Trade Act) which led to the The Royal Navy resettling thousands of Africans liberated from slave ships. More slaves escaped from Florida to Andros island.
A peek inside the National Art Gallery of the Bahamas
The Bahamas gained internal autonomy in 1964, then became a fully independent nation on July 10th 1973. The Behamas joined the Commonwealth of Nations on the same day and are known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas. The Bahamas is currently one of the richest countries in the Americas (following the United States and Canada), with an economy based on tourism and offshore finance.
That sums up the Caribbean, although I’ll be back for the Bimini Islands after visiting Miami, before heading to the Florida Keys.
Leg 298, West End, West Grand Bahama, The Bahamas to Marco Island, Florida, USA
DAY06_15.PLN (8.5 KB)
The Florida Keys are very pretty. The weather helped providing some nice backgrounds with looming thunderstorms in the distance.
06-15 West End MYGW 6:26 AM
06-15 Palm Beach Intl KPBI 7:14 AM PG Area
06-15 Palm Beach County Park KLNA 7:19 AM
06-15 Antiquers Aerodrome FD08 7:25 AM
06-15 Boca Raton KBCT 7:31 AM
06-15 Pompano Beach Airpark KPMP 7:36 AM
06-15 Fort Lauderdale Executive KFXE 7:41 AM Fort Lauderdale PG Area
06-15 Ft Lauderdale-Hollywood Intl KFLL 7:52 AM
06-15 North Perry KHWO 7:59 AM
06-15 Miami-Opa Locka Executive KOPF 8:04 AM
06-15 Miami Intl KMIA 8:44 AM American Airlines Arena 25°46’53"N 80°11’17"W Miami PG Area
06-15 South Bimini MYBS 9:07 AM
06-15 Cat Cay MYCC 9:14 AM Short Runway
06-15 Ocean Cay MYBO 9:28 AM Weird mismatch between Google and Bing
06-15 Ocean Reef Club 07FA 9:57 AM
06-15 Tavernaero Park FA81 10:10 AM
06-15 The Florida Keys Marathon Intl KMTH 10:36 AM
06-15 Summerland Key Cove FD51 10:58 AM
06-15 Sugar Loaf Shores 7FA1 11:04 AM
06-15 Key West NAS / Boca Chica Field KNQX 11:10 AM
06-15 Key West Intl KEYW 11:16 AM Key West PG Area
06-15 Fort Jefferson 24°37’40.91"N 82°52’10.61"W 11:46 AM
06-15 Marco Island KMKY 12:28 PM Marco PG Area
Flight time 6:02 22 stops
Antiquers Aerodrome Arprt-FD08, Lake Ida Rd below
Those white storage units on the left is now “10X Living at Delray” luxury apartment buildings, both on Google and Bing. The sim is behind here, not sure how far behind. Street View from Google dated Nov 2018 shows the current apartment complex, Street Side from Bing dated Nov 2014 shows a storage complex.
First of all, it’s a heliport, no airport here, I landed on Sunset Beach
Although on Bing it definitely looks like 2 airstrips. “Ocean Cay is an artificial island which was built in the late 1960s to early 1970s, and was used as an industrial sand extraction site.” Bing maps is old, but not that old.
It was converted to what it is currently in 2018-2019
Towboat Cruise Lines
I paused for a bit to see what was going on. The cargo ship is on the same ‘track’ yet slightly faster than the cruise ship. It moves (yeah going backwards), stops for a bit when it gets too close, then resumes again. On rails boating, but a step up from traffic that frequently drives through one another.
Now part of Dry Tortugas National Park
Construction began in 1846 and since then the fort has served as prison, quarantine station and as coaling station. Fort Jefferson became a national monument in 1935 and became part of the new national park in 1992.
More Florida tomorrow, there are tons of PG areas in Florida, same as in California.
Leg 299, Marco Island to River Acres, Okeechobee County, Florida, USA
DAY06_16.PLN (9.1 KB)
A lot of detail to chew through, literally. My data consumption already jumped up to 24GB from 2 days in Florida, probably going to be a lot higher by the time I leave the state. I didn’t go the the Everglades since they are well known, and was surprised by the amazing lake districts north of the Everglades. I’ve never heard of that area, its beautiful.
06-16 Marco Island KMKY 6:54 AM
06-16 Immokalee Rgnl KIMM 7:07 AM Immokalee PG Area
06-16 Charlton Strip 05FL 7:10 AM
06-16 Duda Airstrip 08FA 7:13 AM
06-16 Buckingham Field FL59 7:22 AM
06-16 Page Field KFMY 7:36 AM Fort Meyers PG Area
06-16 Pine Shadows Airpark 94FL 7:44 AM
06-16 Punta Gorda KPGD 7:50 AM Port Challote PG Area 26°59’29"N 82°5’53"W
06-16 Venice Muni KVNC 8:02 AM Sarsota PG Area 27°20’47"N 82°30’56"W
06-16 Sarsota/Bradenton Intl KSRQ 8:19 AM Palmetto Bay PG Area 27°30’60"N 82°33’43"W
06-16 Sunshine Skyway Bridge 27°37’8.39"N 82°39’16.43"W 8:39 AM
06-16 Albert Whitted KSPG 8:48 AM St Petersburg PG Area
06-16 Macdill Afb KMCF 9:00 AM
06-16 Peter O Knight KTPF 9:04 AM Tampa PG Area
Brandon PG Area 27°55’28"N 82°18’42"W
06-16 Tampa Executive KVDF 9:28 AM
06-16 Tampa Intl KTPA 9:37 AM Tarpon Springs PG Area 28°8;45"N 82°44’26"W
06-16 Hidden Lake FA40 9:51 AM Spring Hill PG Area 28°27’26"N 82°37’14"W
06-16 Brooksville-Tampa Bay Rgnl KBKV 10:03 AM
06-16 Zephyrhills Muni KZPH 10:13 AM Zephyrhills PG Area
Lakeland PG Area 28°0’33"N 81°57’26"W
06-16 Winter Haven’s Gilbert KGIF 10:32 AM Winter Haven PG Area
Poinciana PG Area 28°8’30"N 81°28’9"W
06-16 Poinciana KPON 10:58 AM
06-16 David Wine’s Airstrip 62FL 11:06 AM
06-16 Avon Park Executive KAVO 11:19 AM Sebring PG Area 27°28’35"N 81°26’53"W
06-16 Sebring Regl KSEF 11:38 AM
06-16 River Acres FD70 11:49 AM Seems abandoned
Flight time 4:55 24 stops
Sunshine Skyway Bridge crossing Lower Tampa Bay, total length 6,663 meters, opened 1987
The original 2 lane bridge was built in 1954 and an extra south bound bridge opened in 1971. That one collaped only 9 years later when a freighter (MV Summit Venture) collided with a pier (killing 35)
More Florida tomorrow, Orlando, Kennedy Space center and the big amusement parks.
Leg 300, River Acres, Okeechobee County to Palatka, Putnam County, Florida, USA
DAY06_17.PLN (11.0 KB)
Crawling over Florida, so much content here. I only covered 335nm in this leg, avg speed down to 60 knots, lots to see.
06-17 River Acres FD70 6:39 AM
06-17 Okeechobee County KOBE 6:43 AM Okeechobee PG Area
06-17 Baggett Airpark FD39 6:55 AM
06-17 Brady Ranch 80FD 6:58 AM
06-17 Horseshoe Acres Airpark FA24 7:01 AM
06-17 Naked Lady Ranch 64FA 7:08 AM Port St Lucie PG Area 27°14’1"N 80°21’21"W
06-17 Treasure Coast Intl KFPR 7:25 AM
06-17 Vero Beach Rgnl KVRB 7:32 AM
06-17 Sebastian Mun X26 7:39 AM
06-17 Valkaria X59 7:45 AM Palm Bay PG Area 27°57’13"N 80°39’54"W
06-17 Melbourne Intl KMLB 7:55 AM Power failure, wait for internet to come back
06-17 Patrick Afb KCOF 8:03 AM
06-17 Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip KXMR 8:17 AM Kennedy Space Center 28°31’26"N 80°40’56"W
06-17 Nasa Shuttle Landing Facility KTTS 8:34 AM Titusville PG Area 28°36’51"N 80°48’36"W
06-17 Arthur Dunn Air Park X21 8:51 AM
06-17 Executive KORL 9:05 AM Winter Park PG Area 28°35’44"N 81°21’3"
Orlando PG Area 28°32’22" 81°22’43"W
06-17 Orlando Intl KMCO * 9:25 AM Universal Studios PG Area 28°28’20"N 81°28’14"W
Walt Disney World Resort 28°22’31"N 81°32’59"W
Clermont PG Area 28°32’53"N 81°44’35"W
06-17 Florida Flying Gators 3FD4 10:24 AM
06-17 Flying Baron Estates 10FA 10:34 AM Leesburg PG Area
06-17 Leesburg Intl KLEE 10:42 AM
06-17 Mid Florida Air Svc X55 10:46 AM
06-17 Britt Brown & Porter Ranch 6FD6 10:51 AM Deltona PG Area 28°54’32"N 81°14’35"W
06-17 Leffler FA63 11:01 AM
06-17 Massey Ranch Airpark X50 11:09 AM New Smyrna Beach PG Area 29°2’22"N 80°54’26"W
06-17 New Smyrna Beach Municipal KEVB 11:17 AM
06-17 Spruce Creek 7FL6 11:22 AM
06-17 Daytona Beach Intl KDAB 11:24 AM Daytona Beach PG Area Daytona International Speedway next to airport
06-17 Ormond Beach Muni KOMN 11:44 AM Fagler Beach PG Area 29°25’55"N 81°6’23"W
06-17 Flagler Executive KFIN 12:00 PM
06-17 Palatka Muni - Lt Kay Larkin F 28J 12:15 PM Palatka PG Area
Flight time 5:36 29 stops
Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
Cape Canaveral was known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973, and as Cape Canaveral Air Force Station from 1949 to 1963 and from 1973 to 2020. It was renamed to Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in December 2020. (Still called air force in game)
That bottom left bit has been finished and more construction is going on below. (Err above, I have it upside down, South is up in that shot) Bing maps is actually ahead of Google with the construction, the game is stuck with an older version, behind Google maps.
So much detail. I wonder how it all runs tomorrow after the Nordics update. Installation and landing challenge went fine, ready for the next leg.
Leg 301, Palatka, Putnam County, Florida to Lesesne, Berkeley County, South Carolina, USA
DAY06_18.PLN (15.3 KB)
Early start, long flight, many stops, lots to see. I never really looked at the east coast of the USA and always assumed it was like the west coast, but it’s nothing like that. Very fragmented with islands acting as buffers in the tidal zone, pretty much all up South Carolina.
06-18 Palatka Muni - Lt Kay Larkin F 28J 6:18 AM
06-18 Lib Field 2FD8 6:21 AM
06-18 Pomona Landing 78FL 6:24 AM
06-18 Thunderbird Air Park 2FA5 6:27 AM
06-18 Jim Finlay Farm 28FL 6:30 AM
06-18 Eagles Nest Aerodrome FD44 6:32 AM
06-18 Mount Royal 3FL0 6:35 AM
06-18 GreyStone 17FL 6:49 AM Ocala PG Area 29°11’15"N 82°8’15"W
06-18 Ocala Intl-Jim Taylor Field KOCF 7:05 AM
06-18 Dunnellon-Marion Co & Park Of X35 7:11 AM
06-18 Lewis KCDK 7:29 AM
06-18 Manatee Springs 5FD0 7:37 AM
06-18 White Farms FA36 7:40 AM
06-18 Flying Ten 0J8 7:49 AM Gainesville PG Area 29°39’6"N 82°20’55"W
06-18 Gainesville Rgnl KGNV 8:04 AM
06-18 Flying Tiger Field FL54 8:12 AM
06-18 Lake City Airpark FL27 8:18 AM
06-18 Cannon Creek Airpark 15FL 8:23 AM Lake City PG Area
06-18 Lake City Gateway KLCQ 8:39 AM
06-18 Cecil KVQQ 8:55 AM Orange Park PG Area 30°10’39"N 81°42’19"W
06-18 Jacksonville Nas (Towers Fld) KNIP 9:03 AM Jacksonville PG Area 30°19’39"N 81°39’40"W
06-18 Jacksonville Intl KJAX 9:34 AM
06-18 Fernandina Beach Minicipal KFHB 9:43 AM
06-18 St Marys 4j6 9:48 AM St Marys PG Area
06-18 Union Carbide Plant Strip GA48 9:58 AM
06-18 Jekyll Island 09J 10:08 AM
06-18 Mckinnon St Simons Island KSSI 10:14 AM Sea Island PG Area
06-18 Sapelo Island 08GA 10:26 AM
06-18 Barbour Island 72GA 10:31 AM
06-18 Midway KMIY 10:35 AM Short runway, trees at end of runway
06-18 Hunter Aaf KSVN 10:45 AM Savannah PG Area
06-18 Savannah-Hilton Head Intl KSAV 11:14 AM
06-18 Briggs Field GA43 11:23 AM
06-18 Statesboro-Bulloch Co KTBR 11:30 AM Strateaboro PG Area
06-18 Plantation KJYL 11:41 AM
06-18 Davis SC12 11:50 AM
06-18 Beaufort MCAS-Merrit Field KNBC 12:04 PM
06-18 Marsh Point SC74 12:11 PM
06-18 Charleston Executive KJZI 12:34 PM
06-18 Charleston Afb/Intl KCHS 1:12 PM Charleston, Goose Creek, Summerville PG Areas
06-18 Mount Holly SC98 1:20 PM
06-18 Berkeley County KMKS 1:28 PM Bad stuttering, very low fps
06-18 Lesesne 6SC1 1:41 PM
Flight time 7:23 42 stops
Next leg, more of South Carolina and Georgia before heading to the southern coast
Very cool spotting the circus tent! I thought the photogrammetry was supposed to be based on Bing though. Did you check streetside view?