How to know fastest cruise altitude?

Hi fellow pilotes,

I’m quite a bit experienced with 350 flying hours right now but I still have one thing that interests me when flying planes like the TBM 930. How can I calculate or know the best (=fastest, with 100% power) cruise level for different planes? Right now I’m on 15.000 ft with 230 kts ias. Some website tells me it cruises around 290 kts (or are we talking gs here?)

Thanks in advance


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Cruise performance is usually measured in TAS.
To find out the fastest cruising altitude you need the performance section of the aircraft manual.

In case of the TBM at ISA conditions it’s between FL280-290. (330ktas at 5500lbs)

VMO on the TBM is 270kias, hence 290 can only be TAS.

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The biggest thing influencing you is the wind. Wind speeds of course vary signifcantly with altitude; so can wind direction.

Take a look on Windy … good visaulization of the wind with a slider for altitude. And of course since MSFS has live weather…

You have to consider that the wind forecast you are using during preflight planning can differ a lot from the actual wind.

As a very rough rule of thump. The higher the higher the TAS.

(Ground speed = TAS plus / minus Wind).

This moves you trough the air / over the ground the fastest. That does not mean however it is the shortest time to fly from A to B as you also have to consider the time to climb to altitude. But that is more involved.

For details on the various speeds see also here.

Wouldn’t it depend on wind speed and direction at the varying altitudes?

You are talking about ground speed (navigation), not true airspeed (performance)

Fastest wind from behind would get you fastest cruise correct?

Yes and no. That’s why TAS is so important.
If you are e.g. cruising with a 20kts tailwind component at an altitude which results in a 30kts lower TAS, it’s the wrong decision.