Exploring the world in the Beechcraft Bonanza

I use the world map and Google/Bing maps together to lay out my route. Little navmap doesn’t have all the airports the game has and doesn’t show most of them until you zoom right in. The world map in game shows all the dots, making it easier for me to draw a path connecting the dots.

Google and Bing maps come in to figure out what looks promising and what not to miss. You can easily paste coordinates from Google maps into the world map to figure out exactly where you want to go to visit certain landmarks. Then it’s simply a question of finding two dots (airports) that pass over that area.

The reverse is a bit more tricky (figuring out which airstrip is where in the real world) since a lot of names of smaller airports are generic area names or even wrong. Zooming out on the world map to get a general idea where helps.

I don’t use the in game flight plan instead I write down all the airports in notepad (the list I post every leg) After landing I look up the next airport code in the nearby airport list and take off again. I don’t know how the nav plan works and this ‘system’ makes it easy to deviate and insert or skip airports, simply update the list in Notepad.

After the flight is complete I recreate the path in the world map to add to my full route. That mostly goes via text edit (.PLN file) since the game makes a mess out of multiple way points and there is no way to re-arrange them.

While flying I keep track of where I am on Google maps by looking at landmarks, usually rivers, lakes and mountains. If I get lost or lazy I make a save game and copy the coordinates out of the .FLT file, to paste into Google maps.

Leg 97, Morombe, Madagascar to Saint Pierre, Réunion island

DAY11_27.PLN (9.4 KB)

More exploring by moon light. I’m making full use of the (near) full moon.

11-27 Morombe FMSR 4:02 AM
11-27 Andavadoaka DVD 4:12 AM
11-27 Ankazoabo FMAK 4:28 AM
11-27 Ankazoabo FMSZ 4:39 AM
11-27 Ronohira FMRA 5:14 AM
11-27 Ambalasoa FMAL 5:30 AM
11-27 Betroka FMSE 5:48 AM
11-27 Amboasary FMAY 6:13 AM
11-27 Amboasary FMAS 6:29 AM
11-27 Bekily FMSL 6:41 AM
11-27 Fotadrevo FMBE 6:52 AM
11-27 Betioky FMSV 7:12 AM
11-27 Toliary FMST 7:37 AM
11-27 Itampolo FMAP 8:13 AM
11-27 Tsihombe FMTI 8:51 AM
11-27 Ambovombe FMAO 9:05 AM
11-27 Amboasary FMAR 9:13 AM
11-27 Amboasary Sud FMAM 9:17 AM
11-27 Tolagnaro FMSD 9:32 AM
11-27 Vangaindrano FMSU 10:24 AM
11-27 Ambalavao FMSA 11:08 AM Andringitra National Park left
11-27 Ikalamavony FMIK 11:32 AM Drone cam landing (raining)
11-27 Mahanoro FMMH 12:39 PM
11-27 Atsinanana FMMQ 12:47 PM
11-27 Vatomandry FMMY 12:56 PM 382 NM next
11-27 Pierrefonds FMEP 3:32 PM

Flight time 11:30 25 stops

Andavodoaka, small fishing village on the South-West coast

Passing by Antanimieva

Isalo National Park where you can find Canyon Des Singes

Betroka on the Mangoky river

Near Tsivory

Amboasary next to the Andratina river

Near Ambinda



Quite a busy town, market day I assume

Toliary on the South-West coast

Crossing the Linta river

Near Tsianoriha


Tolagnaro on the South-East coast

I’ve seen that face before at the Queen’s palace in Antananarivo

Near Mahatalaky

Near Morokibo

Bye bye sunshine at Ankazomasy

Vodivola where the Mashinahaka river flows into the Indian Ocean

Manampatrana river in the distance, flying by moon light from here on

Andringitra Massif

Andingitra National Park on top of the massif

Near Saky


Approaching Ikalamavony, drone came required for landing, too dark in the rain

The clouds dim the moon enough for a picture

Mount Alereila up ahead

Following the Masiatra river North-East



I hope they brought enough coffee, not done yet

Mahanoro on the East coast

Vatomandry, last stop in Madagascar today

Amazing beach, however onward to the East

Réunion island spotted

A French volcanic island I’ll be exploring by day light tomorrow

Coming in to Saint Pierre over l’Étang-Salé les Bains (the golf course)

Landing at Pierrefonds, regular exposure

Great flight, Madagascar is beautiful with its varied scenery.

Leg 98, Saint Pierre, Réunion island via Mauritius and Madagascar to Fregate, Seychelles

DAY11_28.PLN (5.5 KB)

Réunion island is amazing, Mauritius is a mess (in game), Madagascar is missing an island and grew a mystery peak. The trip to the Seychelles provided some good fuel measurement opportunities.

11-28 Pierrefonds FMEP 3:59 AM
11-28 Gillot FMEE 4:31 AM
11-28 Mauritius Intl FIMP 5:46 AM
11-28 Skydive Austral Airstrip FIPL 6:03 AM Runway? 486 NM next
11-28 Betainomby FMBI 9:25 AM
11-28 Toamasina FMMT 9:30 AM
11-28 Sainte-Marie FMMS 10:04 AM
11-28 Ambodiatafa FMAD 10:16 AM Drone cam landing (real sun is out)
11-28 Avaratra FMNC 10:34 AM
11-28 Maroantsetra FMNR 10:56 AM
11-28 Andapa FMAJ 11:15 AM Drone cam landing
11-28 Andapa FMND 11:29 AM Drone cam landing
11-28 Vohimarina FMNV 12:04 PM Drone cam landing 634 NM next, reduce weight, fly at 15K ft
11-28 Fregate FSSF 4:49 PM Drone cam landing, one go around, short runway

Flight time 12:50 13 stops

Departing from Pierrefonds towards Piton des Neiges

Piton des Neiges is a dormant shield volcano

It’s also the tallest peak in the Indian Ocean, 10,069 ft

Grand Bénare, the western edge of the caldera

Piton des Neiges on the North edge of the caldera

There is a whole town inside the caldera, Cilaos

Forêt de la Providence at the base of the volcano

Saint-Dennis, capital of Réunion island

Flying on to visit the other volcano on the island

Piton de la Fournaise, currently one of the most active volcanoes in the world

Looking back towards Piton des Neiges over Forêt départemento-domaniale de la rivière de Remparts

The volcano, it must have been active when the aerial images were taken

One more look back while heading to Mauritius

Chamarel, Mauritius

Chamarel Seven Colored Earth Geopark and Chamarel waterfall

Port Louis, capital of Mauritius

In line with the harbor is Champs de Mars, 19th century horse racing track

The citadelle in Port Louis, 19th century military fortress

Back to Madagascar (the rest of Mauritius is full of cloud shaped ‘holes’ generic farm textures)

Toasamina also called Tamatave, on the East coast of Madagascar

That mountain / island on the right, I couldn’t find it… Ilay Harandriaka Lehibe

It should be right off the coast past the harbor

Nothing there

It’s on Google and Bing (only as aerial/sat images, not on the map). However you can’t click on the name, while on Bing a Ferry goes straight through the island

Ah, it’s a reef! Still no clue where the mountain from that picture above is.

Sunset over Madagascar

Nosy Boraha, apparently there’s a pirates’ cemetery on the island


Mananara Avaratra

Maroantsetra, formerly Louisbourg, at the northern end of the Bay of Antongil

Approaching Andapa

And leaving Andapa

Another mystery at Marojejy National park

That peak standing out on the right, doesn’t exist

Which explains why a road goes straight up it

Great views at Marojejy National park

After a quick stop at Vohimarina I pointed the plane towards the Seychelles. Long flight, time for some measurements.

Full power at 15K ft gets about 12.06 nautical miles to the gallon.
Throttle and propeller down to 70% at 11K ft gets about 12.35 nautical miles to the gallon.
(Compared at the transition point since the plane speeds up as fuel weight decreases)

The difference in speed, 142 TAS vs 112 TAS. You have to sacrifice a lot of speed to extend the range. (I’m doing tests to figure out a way to reach Hawaii in a couple months) It’s definitely not a fire and forget autopilot journey. Fuel weight, wind speed, danger of icing, it’s going to be tricky. My previous longest flight ended just short of the runway and was ‘only’ 756 NM (double icing incidents). Now I want to cross 910nm. The recent patch has improved fuel economy somewhat, yet the listed 920nm range is still very hard to reach. Plenty of time left to figure out a way, half a year the way I’m going back and forth!

Fregate island, Seychelles

Victoria-Seychelles Airport is missing, this rather short grass strip is the only option currently

I’ll check out the site of the airport tonight/tomorrow in daylight while touring around the Seychelles. Sunrise should be 9pm my time, perhaps tonight.

Leg 99, Fregate, Seychelles via Madagascar and Mozambique to Kilwa Masoko, Tanzania

DAY11_29.PLN (7.8 KB)

Unfortunately the Seychelles weren’t worth the detour (apart from the amazing sites online). The area has very sketchy low detail, nothing deserving the title most beautiful islands on Earth. However I figured how to fly back while sleeping (■■■■ tank switch is the bottle neck) and found an amazing volcano on one of the islands on the way back to Africa.

11-28 Fregate FSSF 21:07 PM Sunrise, loop around Seychelles
11-28 Fregate FSSF 22:09 PM 608 NM next, reduce weight, fly at 15K ft
11-29 Andrakaka Navy FMNK 4:00 AM Slept during long glide from 18.5K ft at 50% thottle / 70% propeller
11-29 Arrachart FMNA 4:04 AM
11-29 Ambilobe FMNE 4:29 AM
11-29 Ampampamena FMNZ 4:43 AM
11-29 Fascene FMNN 4:54 AM
11-29 Chirongui FMCR 6:08 AM Short runway
11-29 Pamandzi FMCZ 6:15 AM
11-29 Ouani FMCV 6:51 AM
11-29 Moheli FMCI 7:09 AM
11-29 Prince Said Ibrahim FMCH 7:45 AM
11-29 Quirimba FQPD 8:56 AM
11-29 Ibo FQPE 9:02 AM
11-29 Matemo FQPM 9:08 AM
11-29 Medjumbe FQMO 9:21 AM
11-29 Mocimboa Da Praia FQMP 9:37 AM
11-29 Vamizi Airstrip FQMM 9:49 AM Drone view!
11-29 Palma LMZ 9:58 AM
11-29 Mtwara HTMT 10:10 AM
11-29 Lindi HTLI 10:27 AM
11-29 Kilwa Masoko HTKI 10:59 AM

Flight time 13:52 20 stops

I had high hopes for the Seychelles, remembering it from when Survivor was still going to new locations

Now the real thing…

Fregate early morning, sunrise

Baie Ste Anne

Looks nothing like the real thing

But it’s nice to fly at sunrise for a change, wispy fog clouds over the water melting away

North island, the part that doesn’t look too bad

Look at those beaches!

What it should look like from the air

Slihouette Island

The same part from the opposite direction on the right

I’ll spare you the mess that’s Sahe and Victoria-Seychelles Airport. On Bing it’s mostly covered in clouds, only about a 100 meter section of runway is visible. The whole island is a mess. The real thing

Back to Madagascar after a refueling stop at Fregate where I started. I let the plane climb as high as possible in FLC mode. When I was about to go to bed I reduced throttle to 50% and propeller to 70% while turning of FLC mode. That makes the plane slow down and start losing height, while autopilot, still on nav mode, keeps the plane at about the same attitude.

This reduces the fuel consumption to initially 5.90 gallons per hour to around 8 gallons per hour when the plane stabilizes around 5,000 ft. With 37 gallons of use-able fuel per tank, that gives over 5 hours before the tank needs to be switched again. That’s more than my usual night sleep.

It worked like a charm, when I woke up there were still 14 gallons of fuel left (11 use-able). I sped up the plane to full throttle, 100% propeller with ETE of 15 minutes. I could have slept for another hour easily. (Although would have overshot and might have flown into a mountain…)

Back over Madagascar, Ambodontava

Near Ampasinbengy

Antanimandry, on the North-West coast

Madirokely on Nosy Be, island off the North-West coast of Madagascar

Amazing place to dive

Forever dive at Nosy Be, including cockpit view landing at Aéroport international de Nosy Be-Fascene

Approaching Mayotte, an archipelago between Madagascar and Mozambique

It kinda looks like the forest was on fire when the images were taken

Bambao on Nzwani island

Ouani on the other side of the island

Yep, looks inviting

Mount Karthala on Comoros

7,746 ft high active shield volcano

Best find of the day, hidden above the clouds (if you usually fly at 2,500 ft)

Pretty close to the real thing, fs2020 just needs some smoke effects

Matemo, off the coast of Mozambique next to Parque Nacional das Quirimbas

Medjumbe, small private island a bit further North

Compared to the real thing

Sunset over Mikindani Bay

Right in the opposite direction, near full moon

Kilwa Masoko

Where you can visit the ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani

Drone cam landing in Kilwa Masoko

Leg 100, Kilwa Masoko, Tanzania via Kenya to Gelai, Tanzania

DAY11_30.PLN (9.1 KB)

I did not get to see Mount Kilimanjaro today, hidden in the clouds. However leaving those clouds provided much more spectacular views than the mountain itself.

11-30 Kilwa Masoko HTKI 3:58 AM
11-30 Songo Songo Airstrip HTLV 4:21 AM
11-30 Mafia HTMA 4:31 AM
11-30 Mchukwi Rufiji HTLQ 4:47 AM
11-30 Amani Gomvu HTAG 5:14 AM
11-30 Dar-Es-Salaam Intl HTDA 5:26 AM
11-30 Kisauni HTZA 5:51 AM
11-30 Chake Chake HTPE 6:26 AM
11-30 Tanga HTTG 6:48 AM
11-30 Funzi Island HKSH 7:11 AM
11-30 Ukunda Airstrip HKUK 7:20 AM
11-30 Kwale HKKW 7:27 AM
11-30 Moi HKMO 7:34 AM
11-30 Bamburi HK0H 7:40 AM
11-30 Buchuma Gate HKVB 8:01 AM
11-30 Rukinga Ranch Airstrip HKVF 8:08 AM
11-30 Voi HKVO 8:19 AM
11-30 Wanjala Mine HKWD 8:31 AM
11-30 Kangetchwa HKWN 8:35 AM
11-30 Finch Hattons HKMQ 8:46 AM
11-30 Loiyokitok HKLT 8:58 AM spiraling to gain height
11-30 Kilimanjaro Intl HTKJ 9:55 AM
11-30 Arusha HTAR 10:19 AM
11-30 Kitumbeine HTLO 10:34 AM
11-30 Gelai East HTLX 10:49 AM

Flight time 6:51 24 stops

First up, Dar Es Salaam, coastal city on the Zanzibar Archipelago

Askari monument on the left, in honor of local soldiers who fought with the British Carrier Corps in WWI.

Aania Front church on the right, constructed in the late 1800s by German missionaries.

Karume International Airport airport, Kisauni, Zanzibar


Chake Chake at the end of Chake-Chake Bay

Tanga back on the mainland

Amboni limestone caves close to Tanga

Shimba Hills National Reserve, great waterfall there

Mombasa, known as the white and blue city in Kenya

Fort ■■■■■, 16th-century Portuguese coastal fort, and Heller park where you can pet Giraffes

Ngutini wildlife conservancy

Hill next to Voi

Wanjala iron ore mine. Traces of gold were found in the iron ore in 2012

Tsavo West National Park, clouds all around, clear over the park

Finch Hattons, 5 star luxury camp not far East of mount Kilimanjaro

This is as close as I got to mount Kilimanjaro, well hidden in the clouds

Kilimanjaro is 19,336 ft high, out of the Bonanza’s reach (I did get it that high once, takes a long time climbing at 30 fpm with nearly empty tanks and no co-pilot)

I managed to get the drone on top of the clouds but no sign of Kilimanjaro

At least the view was stunning when emerging from the clouds

Then I looked behind me

Back on the ground at Kilimanjaro International Airport

Mt Meru was more cooperative

Situated in Arusha National Park

Mt Meru is a dormant stratovolcano, 14,980 ft high

Mt Meru Forest Reserve

To the South of Mt Meru

Approaching Kitumbeine

On to the last stop for today, Gelai East

Amazing area to fly through, great finish to the 100th leg. I’ll wait here for the sun to come back.

Leg 101, Gelai, Tanzania to Angama, Kenya

DAY12_1.PLN (11.2 KB)

Kenya is awesome!

12-01 Gelai East HTLX 4:02 AM
12-01 Magadi HKMG 4:16 AM
12-01 Orly (Olooitikosh) HKAT 4:35 AM
12-01 Jomo Kenyatta HKJK 4:47 AM
12-01 Eastleigh HKRE 4:57 AM
12-01 Wilson HKNW 5:02 AM
12-01 Kedong HKPD 5:15 AM
12-01 Oserongoni HKND 5:34 AM
12-01 Sirocco HKQK 5:40 AM
12-01 Naivasha HKNV 5:46 AM
12-01 Nyeri HKNI 6:13 AM
12-01 Rutundu HKMN 7:03 AM
12-01 Isiolo HKIS 7:18 AM
12-01 Buffalo Spring HKSB 7:26 AM
12-01 Loloroi HKIO 7:45 AM
12-01 Ol Malo Lodge Airstrip HKQE 8:02 AM
12-01 Loisaba Airstrop HKRF 8:07 AM
12-01 Kamogi Ranch Airstrip HKRM 8:10 AM
12-01 Mugie Ranch HKMF 8:17 AM
12-01 Kuti HKRI 8:22 AM
12-01 Lake Baringo (Kampi Ya Samaki) HKBI 8:40 AM
12-01 Kapchomuswo (Kabarnet) HKTG 8:55 AM
12-01 Eldoret Intl HKEL 9:15 AM
12-01 Kakamega HKKG 9:29 AM
12-01 Kisumu HKKI 9:40 AM
12-01 Rusinga HKHA 10:02 AM
12-01 Mfangano HKHM 10:07 AM
12-01 Migori HKMM 10:31 AM
12-01 Kihancha HKTP 10:37 AM
12-01 Kihancha HKIC 10:42 AM
12-01 Angama HKLP 10:51 AM

Flight time 6:49 30 stops

Starting the day by heading towards lake Magadi

Lake Magadi

Near Oloika

Near Ole Seni, in Kenya’s Rift Valley

Travelling up the steps, higher and higher

Orly, Olooitikosh next to Champagne Rally Park

Jomo Kenyatta airport, Nairobi

Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, here looking at Eastleigh airport

Wilson airport at the top left, big city, 3 airports

Nairobi by night and the railway museum, new and old

Kedong, great place to land

Mount Suswa Conservancy

Lake Naivasha

Crossing the Aberdare mountain range

Aberdare national park at the other side

Lovely forest

Approaching Mount Kenya, looks like the peak is hidden again

The peak of Mount Kenya, 17,057 ft high, within my reach

Rutunde airstrip, halfway down Mount Kenya

Good thing it has a slope to speed up for take off

Flying on on the North-West side of Mount Kenya

Mount Kenya, hidden in the clouds

The lighting is superb in this game

Buffalo spring airstrip, tons of fun landing sites around here


Following the Ewaso Ngiro river

Near Lopito

Ol Malo Lodge airstrip

Komogi Ranch

(Just out of the picture on either side, end of the high detail area)

Lake Baringo

Ol Kokwe Island, another Atlantis

There are multiple islands in the lake, visible on Bing, somehow missing

Katimok Provincial Forest

Kapchomuswo, Kabernet

Near Bartolimo

I checked first whether I would make it before taking the drone for a spin!

Eldoret International Airport

Kakamega Forest

Coming up on Lake Victoria

Mbita in the distance, where the island connects to the mainland

Rusinga, that airstrip took a pass to find

Kinancha, getting late


Angama, final stop today, for good reason

Safe on the ground, now where is my umbrella

Leg 102, Angama, Kenya to Rungwa, Tanzania

DAY12_2.PLN (10.5 KB)

A lot of rain today. I don’t have much luck with mountains, they always seem to hide in a thick layer of clouds.

12-02 Angama HKLP 4:03 AM
12-02 Musiara HK48 4:07 AM
12-02 Weavers Airstrip HKKV 4:12 AM
12-02 Narok HKTU 4:18 AM
12-02 Cottar’s camp HKSD 4:23 AM
12-02 Oseur Airstrip HKQG 4:28 AM
12-02 Cottars Mara HTMM 4:32 AM
12-02 Klein’s Camp HTOU 4:38 AM
12-02 Kishoshoroni HTOE 4:47 AM
12-02 Fort Ikoma HTNF 5:07 AM
12-02 Sasakwa HTIS 5:12 AM
12-02 Kirawira B Aerodrome GTZ 5:21 AM
12-02 Nakatunguru HTPQ 5:51 AM
12-02 Mwanza HTMW 6:04 AM
12-02 Mwanza HTPP 6:18 AM
12-02 Maswa HTMC 6:49 AM
12-02 Buturi HTKE 7:07 AM
12-02 Mbono 2 HTLP 7:14 AM
12-02 Ndutu HTNO 7:23 AM
12-02 Endulen HTEN 7:36 AM
12-02 Ngorongoro HTNV 7:50 AM go around, hard to spot low visibility
12-02 Harbanget HTOA 8:14 AM
12-02 Gorimba HTKZ 8:48 AM
12-02 Handa HTLF 8:53 AM
12-02 Dodoma HTDO 9:41 AM
12-02 Mvumi HTKC 9:53 AM
12-02 Chidudu HTKY 10:13 AM
12-02 Makwasa HTOY 10:41 AM
12-02 Rungwa HTNS 10:59 AM

Flight time 6:56 28 stops

Cottar’s camp, heading for rain

Near Kleins camp, from the &Beyond people, I keep running into them

Kishohoroni, visibility is falling

Plenty rain coming down on the way to Fort Ikoma

Close to Fort Ikoma

Kibara on Speke Gulf, rain in the highlands, clear over the lakes


Busogwa, following lake Victoria to the South

Mwanza, big port city

Where you can find Bismarck rock

Away from the lake, back in the rain a Bututi

A break in the clouds, just to see the big cloud engulfing Mount Oldeani

Endulen at he base of Mount Oldeani


A bit of stunt flying through the valleys of mount Oldeani

Lake Balangida


Gorimba airport



Dodoma, the capital of Tanzania

The airport is right in the middle of the city

The airport and Nyerere square



Mulanje Mountain Forest Reserve


Michiru Mountain Conservation Area

Final stop in Rungwa, Tanzania today. Tomorrow on to Burundi and Rwanda

Leg 103, Rungwa, Tanzania via Democratic Republic of the Congo and Burundi to Kigali, Rwanda

DAY12_3.PLN (6.4 KB)

Bad weather again today, or rather amazing awesome unbelievable weather. The sky stole the show today.

12-03 Rungwa HTNS 4:00 AM
12-03 Rungwa River HTIC 4:26 AM
12-03 Mlambala HTIO 4:40 AM
12-03 Sumbawanga HTSU 5:08 AM
12-03 Kirando HTPL 5:43 AM
12-03 Mahale Airstrip HTML 6:38 AM
12-03 Kalemie FZRF 6:55 AM
12-03 Kigoma HTPJ 7:39 AM
12-03 Uvira FZUB 8:13 AM
12-03 Kabare FZLS 8:43 AM
12-03 Kabare FZPB 9:00 AM
12-03 Bujumbura Intl HBBA 9:44 AM (capital Gitega on the way)
12-03 Ruyigi HBRU 10:18 AM
12-03 Kirundo HBBO 10:48 AM
12-03 Nemba HRYN 10:58 AM
12-03 Gako HRKI 11:03 AM
12-03 Kigali Intl HRYR 11:16 AM

Flight time 7:16 16 stops

Starting in the rain over Lukwati game reserve in Tanzania

Dramatic skies, however I’ve seen nothing yet at this point

Near Mlambala

Airstrip along the Rungwa river

Crossing lake Rukwa

Looking out towards Sumbawanga

On the way to Kirando

Close to Mwai

How is my laptop not melting

Lake Tanganyika, longest freshwater lake in the world

Mahale Mountain National Park

Picking my jaw back up from the floor at Mahale airstrip, at the base of the mountains

Between Kalemie and Kigoma

Near Mahiela

Lulimba in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Panda, small village on the R521

Approaching Uvira airport

Uvira airport, which is still 90 miles from Uvira

Crossing Massif D’itombwe to Uvira at the North-West end of lake Tanganyika

Quick stop at Butetegele

Unnamed city in South-Kivu

Neither Bing nor Google know what it’s called at 3°03’38.4"S 28°11’23.2"E

Heading further towards the lake

Still over Massif D’itombwe

Bujumbura, largest city in Burundi on the North-East end of lake Tanganyika

Those rectangles standing out is Station d’épuration des eaux, water treatment plant

Near, oh who cares, simply amazing. They sure make good clouds in Burundi

Gitega, capital of Burundi

Losing light on the way to Kirundo

Lake Rwihinda

Lake Cyohoha South on the border with Rwanda

Kigali, capital of Rwanda

Nice easy landing

I mostly know Rwanda from the movie Hotel Rwanda. Hôtel des Mille Collines became famous after 1,268 people took refuge inside the building during the 1994 genocide.

Bustling night life and genocide memorial

1 Like

Leg 104, Kigalu, Rwanda to Mogoto, Uganda

DAY12_4.PLN (8.1 KB)

A lot of messy terrain today including bad weather, this area is not well captured. It’s a shame since it included Mount Stanley and more volcano sites. Too many clouds there I guess, all on the sat images.

12-04 Kigali Intl HRYR 4:06 AM
12-04 Gisenyi HRYG 4:39 AM
Bad performance, weird shimmering trees, streaming issues, restart
12-04 Gisenyi HRYG 4:46 AM
12-04 Goma Intl FZNA 4:50 AM
12-04 Ruhengeri HRYU 5:21 AM Messy area
12-04 Kisoro HUKI 5:33 AM
12-04 Kisoro HUKL 5:44 AM
12-04 Rutshuru FZNC 5:50 AM
12-04 RWindi FZNR 6:06 AM
12-04 Ntungamo HUNU 6:19 AM
12-04 Mweya HUMW 6:31 AM
12-04 Kasese HUKS 6:48 AM
12-04 Margherita HUMH 7:07 AM
12-04 Bundibugyo HUBU 7:27 AM
Streaming issues, restart
12-04 Bundibugyo HUBU 7:34 AM
12-04 Fort Portal HUFP 7:49 AM
12-04 Kyenjojo HUKM 7:58 AM
12-04 Entebbe Intl HUEN 8:54 AM
12-04 Kajjansi Airfield HUKJ 9:00 AM
12-04 Bweyogerere HUNA 9:16 AM
12-04 Nakasongola HUNK 9:38 AM
12-04 Lira HULI 10:02 AM
12-04 Matany Airstrip HUNP 10:41 AM
12-04 Moroto HUMO 10:52 AM Drone cam landing

Flight time 6:38 21 stops

Mount Niyaragongo from its good side before the weather managed to hide it

11,384 ft high active volcano with the world’s largest lava lake

Older eruption site, Baruta, just to the North of Niyaragongo

Due to the active nature of the volcano, most of Niyaragongo is permanently hidden beneath the smoke

This is the one part with detail, everywhere off screen it’s a mess, no lava lake unfortunately

The real thing

Active volcanoes and waterfalls on the wish list!

Kisoro near Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Volcanoes national park

Detail is pretty poor around here, better for the weather to hide it

What it looks like in reality

Rutshuru in the western branch of the Albertine Rift

Queen Elizabeth National Park further North on the way to Mount Stanley (in the distance)

Kasese at the base of Mount Stanley or rather cloud Stanley

Rwenzori Mountains National Park

The real thing

Margherita on the North side of Mount Stanley

Guess where the mountain is

Crossing back to the South-East side

Cleared it, barely


Near Kitega

Entebbe International Airport

Kampala, the capital of Uganda

Kabaka’s Palace in Kampala

Which includes this torture chamber from the butcher of Uganda, Idi Amin

The rest of the trip was pretty much flat with default texture patches to cover up the clouds on the sat data

Losing light on the way to Matany

No clue when the moon will be out, drone cam landing at Moroto before the last light disappears

Leg 105, Mogoto, Uganda via Kenya to Baidoa, Somalia

DAY12_5.PLN (7.4 KB)

Another milestone reached, 2000th airport visited during this leg. Although some airports are a bit of guesswork where or what the landing strip is.

12-05 Moroto HUMO 3:54 AM
12-05 Perror HUMR 4:17 AM Runway?
12-05 Lodwar HKLO 4:40 AM
12-05 Ferguson’s Gulf HKFG 4:54 AM
12-05 Kataboi HKLW 5:09 AM Runway?
12-05 Alia Bay HKLD 5:26 AM Runway?
12-05 Loyangalani HKLY 5:54 AM
12-05 Gatab Lower HKOX 6:12 AM
12-05 Belatrix Kargi HKON 6:38 AM
12-05 Segel HKQI 6:50 AM
12-05 Sololo HKST 7:29 AM
12-05 Moyale MYS 7:50 AM
12-05 Moyale Lower HKMY 7:55 AM
12-05 Bute Moyale HKOP 8:07 AM
12-05 Takabba HKSS 8:32 AM
12-05 Rhamu HK0B 9:01 AM
12-05 Mandera HKMA 9:20 AM
12-05 Lugh Ganane HCMJ 9:41 AM
12-05 Waajid HCWA 10:02 AM
12-05 Baidoa HCMB 10:26 AM Virtual vision landing

Flight time 6:32 19 stops

I haven’t seen the desert in a while, still as lovely as before

Following a dried up river to Lodwar

Lodwar on the Turkwel river

Kataboi on lake Turkana

Alia Bay on the other side of the lake

Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve

Flying up Mount Kulal, a 7,497 ft high eroded extinct vulcano

Pretty steep climb, I had to loop back to make it

The airstrip is on the hill, taking of right over the valley

Between Gatab and Belatrix Kargi


Gof Barachuma, one of the many craters in the area, this one near Segel airstrip


Moyale, Etheopia, right on the border with Kenya

The city is in both countries, flying back into Kenya

Approaching Takabba over the Dide Galgalu Desert

Lost in the coarse height data, right in Takabba


Peaceful non eventful flight to Lugh Ganane

Lugh Ganane inside a huge loop in the Webi Jubba river

Approaching Waajid, last bit of sunshine

Following a string of lights to Baidoa

Fancy lighting for a dusty dirt road!

No more light, continue tomorrow.

Leg 106, Baidoa, Somalia via Yemeni islands to Las Khorey, Republic of Somaliland

DAY12_6.PLN (7.1 KB)

A double leg today. After finishing my usual early morning flight I looked up when the moon would rise over Somalia and went back out in the afternoon for a flight by moon light.

12-06 Baidoa HCMB 3:43 AM
12-06 Baledogle HC01 4:27 AM
12-06 K50 International HCAF 4:37 AM
12-06 Mogadishu HCMM 4:53 AM
12-06 Belet Uen HCMN 6:03 AM
12-06 Dhuusamarreeb Airport HCDH 6:49 AM
12-06 Dhuusamarreeb Airport HCDS 7:09 AM
12-06 Adado Airport AAD 7:30 AM
12-06 Geladi Airport HCGA 7:56 AM
12-06 Galcaio HCMR 8:26 AM
12-06 Garowe HCMW 9:16 AM
12-06 Eil HCME 9:50 AM Drone cam landing
12-06 Gardo HCMG 10:32 AM Landed on road parallel to airstrip
12-06 Gardo HCMG 2:59 PM Moon is up!
12-06 Hafun Airstrip HCBA 3:58 PM Drone cam landing
12-06 Hafun Old Base Airstrip HCBG 4:03 PM Drone cam landing
12-06 Moori OYSQ 5:19 PM lights!
12-06 Alula HCMA 6:45 PM Plane animations stuck, belly landing despite gear showing down
12-06 Bosaso HCMF 7:30 PM
12-06 Las Khorey HCLA 8:01 PM

Flight time 11:51 18 stops

First Mogadishu, the capital Somalia

Big city, 4.9 million people

It’s been an important port city for millennia

There are no airports along the coast so heading inland to Bulet Uen

It can be green there as well

Pretty dry when the images were taken

Guriel Airstrip near Guriceel


A little bit of elevation towards Garowe, it has been mostly flat terrain so far

Approaching Garowe

And onwards to Eil, sun already setting, not much to see in this part of Somalia

Landing in Eil by drone cam, barely visible runway

Stubbornly continuing, it gets really dark without the moon, last light fading

I had to land on the road next to the runway in Gardo, the ground remains black no matter how much you increase the exposure

Luckily there are plenty glowing orbs along even the smallest roads!

After a long break, continuing on by moonlight. Near Rako Raaxo

Coming up on the Indian Ocean at Ashira

Illegally flying without my tail flasher (tail beacon?) since it’s blinding with this increased exposure

Most Eastern tip of Africa, just a bit past Xaafun (Hafun Airstrip)

Hafun old salt factory on the water and the lovely coast by daylight

Darsah, island in the Arabian Sea

It’s pretty much a huge wall in the ocean

With trees I have never seen before, Dragon’s blood trees

Socotra, Yemini island with a lot more of those trees

Hajhir Mountains on Socotra

Socotra is a magical place, beach of colored rocks on the right, Dihamri beach

Hajhir Mountains

Kilmia, the main village of the Guardafui Channel island Abd al Kuri

Back to Somalia, Bereeda

Going along the North shore back West

Approaching Alula over the rugged terrain

Near Alula

Big mountains on the coast at Bandar

Qandala, ancient port town

On to Bosaso, more mountain walls right up to the coast

First signs of dawn approaching on the horizon

On the way to Las Khorey

Loving this game!

FInal stop today, Las Khorey, an ancient coastal city in the Sanaag region of Somaliland

The self declared Republic of Somaliland is not internationally recognized. It was a British protectorate until 1960, after which it was independent for 5 days. Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991. While no foreign power recognizes its sovereignty, it is self-governing with an independent government, democratic elections and a distinct history.

I guess the question “how many countries are there” can’t be answered. This is at least the fourth time that I’ve run into a contested area as well as dotted border lines, and I haven’t gotten to the Middle East and Asia yet.

1 Like

Leg 107, Las Khorey, Republic of Samaliland to Aba Segud, Ethiopia

DAY12_7.PLN (4.5 KB)

12-07 Las Khorey HCLA 4:11 AM
12-07 Erigavo HCMU 5:05 AM
12-07 Berbera HCMI 5:47 AM
12-07 Egal HCMH 6:28 AM
12-07 Wilwal International HAJJ 7:03 AM
12-07 Jijiga HAJI 7:09 AM
12-07 Dire Dawa Intl HADR 7:45 AM
12-07 Harar Meda HAHM 8:59 AM
12-07 Bole Intl HAAB 9:16 AM
12-07 Lideta Army HAAL 9:22 AM
12-07 Aba Segud HAJM 10:28 AM

Flight time 6:17 10 stops

First up Las Khorey by day

Heading up into the mountains towards Erigavo

It’s a long climb, that ridge is no joke

The edge of the world does exist

Given enough time this whole plateau will be gone as well

Erigavo also spelled as Ceerigaabo or Erigabo

Onwards to Berbera

Back towards the coast, down the ridge

Gulf of Aden in sight

Berbera, the former capital of British Somaliland protectorate

Now flying towards the new capital of Somaliland

Hergeisa, the capital of Somaliland since 1941

Freedom square War memorial to commemorate Somaliland’s breakaway attempt in the 1980s

About 80% of the city was destroyed in 1988 by aerial bombardment during the civil war. I remember my mother having her hands full with a lot of refugees from Somalia late 80s, early 90s. (She worked for vluchtelingenwerk in the Netherlands). Since my mother wasn’t comfortable driving and I had just got my license I ended up driving some back and forth. One women was not used to cars and we had to keep pulling over as the motion made her sick.

War has terrible effects on people. One morning on the way to school, one of the people my mother was helping tried to commit suicide by train. He survived, I can still hear his screams as they tried to back the train off his legs (which he lost)

Flying on, Dugu, Ethiopia

Jijiga not much further

On the way to Dire Dawa

After a quick stop at Dire Dawa, further towards Addis Ababa

Fantale, stratovolcano crowned by a 350 meter deep crater

Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia

African Union Commission conference center at the bottom

The lions of Judah, n the left, Lion of Judah monument from 1954, a cultural symbol of Afrocentrism

On the right, the original monument from 1930. The statue resided in Rome from 1935 to the 1960s, transported there when Italy occupied Addis Ababa at the end of the second Italo-Ethiopian war. It was nearly removed again by the Derg regime after the 1974 revolution. It was allowed to stay as a memory of Ethiopian antifascist resistance and a symbol of Ethiopia.

Tiglacin monument, a memorial to Ethiopian and Cuban soldiers involved in the Ogaden War

The Ogaden War, or the Ethio-Somali war was a dispute between Ethiopia and Somalia which began with the invasion of Ogaden by Somalia. Cuban troops sent by Fidel Castro delivered a major defeat to Somalia. The war left Somalia with a disorganized and demoralized army and an angry population. All of these conditions led to a revolt in the army which eventually spiraled into a civil war. The one I touched on in Hergeisa.

National Museum on the left, contained the famous fossilized bones of the early hominid Lucy.

Red Terror Martyr’s Museum on the right, established in 2010 as a memorial to those who died during the Red Terror 1977 & 1978 under the Derg government. It’s not a pleasant visit, the things people can do to another human being.

Oof that’s a lot to digest on the way out

Cumbi, losing light

Didesa river, well basin now. It’s still empty on Google maps and Bing, showing a construction site

No clue where the lake polygon comes from, maybe a prediction?

A bit of digging shows it as the Arjo Didessa Dam, commissioned U/C, last known info a study about the effects of the dam and an article about the problems with funding stalling the progress. FS2020 is ahead of the curve.

Last stop today Abajifar Airport in Jimma, the coffee production center of Ethiopia

Leg 108, Aba Segud, Ethiopia via Kenya to Bor, South Sudan

DAY12_8.PLN (5.4 KB)

Mostly low detail terrain today, giving me more time to look around at what it really looks like. Still some good sights in game as well.

12-08 Aba Segud HAJM 3:35 AM
12-08 Awasa Old Airstrip HALO 4:36 AM
12-08 Dodola HADO 4:48 AM
12-08 Robe HAGB 5:22 AM
12-08 Negele HANG 6:17 AM
Game lock up, not responding, end task 7:02 AM
Continue from last known position 7:09 AM
12-08 Sabarei HATU 7:40 AM
12-08 Lokwor HALE 7:57 AM
12-08 Baco HABC 8:36 AM
12-08 Mizan Teferi HAMT 9:16 AM
12-08 Tippi HATP 9:26 AM
12-08 Tippi HATI 9:52 AM
12-08 Kapoeta HSPD 10:11 AM
12-08 Bor HSEQ 10:41 AM
12-08 Bor HSEE 11:19 AM Virtual vision landing, diverted from HSDW

Flight time 7:47 13 stops

Bale Mountains National Park near Mount Batu

Mount Batu and the dry highlands

Approaching Negele

And leaving again

Yabelo Wildlife sanctuary

Which features a picture of a Zebu (domestic humped cattle) not all that wild

The terrain near Yebelo

Stephanie Wildlife Sanctuary aka Chelbi wildlife reserve

Also no pictures of wildlife, however the people and culture around here are amazing

Dreamy cliffs

Lake Chew Bahir in the distance

Sibiloi National Park

Mago National Park

Here you can find the Mursi Tribe

Considered as one of the most dangerous tribes in the world. Here is a documentary from the 70s

Meanwhile, arriving in Jinka, located in the hills north of the Tama Plains

On to Omo National Park

Where the Nyagatom tribe resides among others

On the way to Kure

Near Tippi

Kapoeta, South Sudan

Boma National Park

Where the Murle Tribe lives

Losing light on the way to Kalana, time flies

And on to Bor

I had to divert to a different air strip than originally planned, too dark to land. The airport at Bor has the runway in the G1000 which works for landing without light. It was only a 4 minute detour, plenty air strips along the White Nile.

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Leg 109, Bor, South Sudan to Asosa, Ethiopia

DAY12_9.PLN (14.9 KB)

A long flight today. I went to bed early because of an oncoming migraine, better to sleep through it. However then I couldn’t sleep anymore from 2 AM. The headache was not that bad anymore, time to fly.

Then it turned out South Sudan has the most consistent poor coverage so far, it really is a place to avoid in FS2020. Completely flat with bad textures everywhere. I had set out a big survey with tons of stops, thinking, if there are big clusters of airstrips, the area must have plenty to see. Maybe there is, not in the game though, nor any pictures on Google. I did find one interesting way point with picture, crash sight of an Antonov.

All the landings kept it fun, especially after I pushed on in the dark. The drone came at max exposure makes the landing light useful to see the ground in an otherwise pitch black night.

12-09 Bor HSEE 2:25 AM
12-09 Bor HSDW 2:29 AM
12-09 Bor HSBR 2:34 AM
12-09 Juba HSSJ 3:02 AM
12-09 Yei HSYE 3:28 AM Airstrip on bad texture
12-09 Ibba Airstrip HSMJ 4:06 AM
12-09 Tonj HSTN 5:02 AM Runway is the slightly greener line…
12-09 Tonj HSTA 5:09 AM Airport marker on, impossible to tell what is a ‘runway’
12-09 Tonj HSTG 5:15 AM
12-09 Wau HSWW 5:31 AM
12-09 Kajok HSKF 5:42 AM
12-09 Kajok HSKE 5:50 AM
12-09 Kajok HSKK 5:54 AM
12-09 Kajok HSKO 6:02 AM Runway?
12-09 Aweil HSAO 6:22 AM
12-09 Aweil HSAA 6:35 AM Runway? Landed on road
12-09 Aweil HSAB 6:47 AM Airport marker on, invisible ‘runway’
12-09 Aweil HSAC 7:01 AM
12-09 Aweil HSBL 7:10 AM
12-09 Aweil HSBI 7:26 AM
12-09 Gogrial HSHX 7:38 AM
12-09 Gogrial HSHN 7:41 AM
12-09 Gogrial HSIA 7:51 AM
12-09 Gogrial HSHO 7:54 AM
12-09 Gogrial HSHZ 8:03 AM
12-09 Bentiu HSCC 8:29 AM
12-09 Leer HSLM 8:41 AM
12-09 Leer HSMP 8:50 AM Dodging cars while landing
12-09 Leer HSLQ 9:12 AM
12-09 Leer HSNI 9:24 AM
12-09 Malakal HSNJ 9:36 AM Odd memory usage increase, keeps rising, fps tanking
12-09 Malakal HSMZ 9:49 AM Bad memory leak, landing at 2 fps, slowing sim rate down as well
Memory usage more than doubled to 12 GB system ram, restart, not responding on exit but ram usage is going down
Patch appeared on restart, small patch
12-09 Malakal HSMZ 10:00 AM Still 7 GB ram in use despite flat terrain
12-09 Bentiu HSDF 10:05 AM Weird double airport marker (HSCY)
12-09 Bentiu HSDG 10:09 AM
12-09 Bentiu HSDD 10:13 AM
12-09 Malakal HSNB 10:21 AM Memory down to 4.3 GB, back to normal
12-09 Malakal HSSM 10:40 AM
12-09 Malakal HSNU 10:51 AM Drone cam landing
12-09 Malakal HSOT 11:00 AM Drone cam landing
12-09 Adareil AEE 11:25 AM Drone cam landing
12-09 Kurmuk HSKW (Bunj Airport, Boing) 11:49 AM Drone cam landing, mind the road crossing
12-09 Asosa HAAN 12:08 PM Drone cam landing, hard to spot on Google/Bing
12-09 Asosa HASO 12:23 PM Virtual vision landing, runway!

Flight time 9:42 42 stops

Juba, the (temporary) capital of South Sudan, situated along the White Nile

Juba became the capital in 2011 when South Sudan formally declared its independence

However the government proposed that a new planned city be built as a replacement capital elsewhere, likely Ramciel in the middle of South Sudan

And well, nothing to see really, this is the most decent shot I could get for hours

Somewhere between Kajok and Aweil, no bad transitions in view and a couple colors

Aweil, one of them, it’s all called the same

This town actually had one picture available on line, low res

Looks just as flat

Antonov crash site on the edge of Gogriel

Antonov AN-26 crashed in 1997, no casualties

Forced landing after being hit by Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) ground fire.

Near Fan Agork, unknown river

Leer or rather Koch inside Block 5A oil concession

Between 1998 and 2003 the community was attacked many times by government-supported troops or militias.

Losing light, forcing some colors out over the White Nile

I passed over some refugee camps in the dark, not much to see, mostly pictures of UNHCR missions. South Sudan is the most recent recognized sovereign country in the world and the situation is ongoing

I kept flying to more detailed areas to explore tomorrow. Since the moon was gone, pitch black out, undefined runways (not present in the G1000) I had to find a new way to land. It turns out that at max exposure the landing light reaches the ground from about 100 ft up. Good enough to land if you’re in the right spot.

Thus it became a game of finding the runway on Google/Bing, then making sure to come from the right direction to the right spot. The airport marker helps, at least at these small airstrips without beacons you can be reasonably sure it’s actually on the ‘runway’ Which is just a dirt strip. Roads nearby help as well for orientation, they all have lights in game!

Without any roads or other visual references it’s quite a thrill to find the runway

Any moment now the ‘strip’ will appear, don’t sink too soon, trees!

The final stop had a real runway, present in the G1000 as well. Easy now compared to above

Asaso in Western Ethiopia.

Safari time tomorrow. I set out a route along all the Fauna POI, let’s see if I can find any animals.


Leg 110, Asosa to Semara, Ethiopia

DAY12_10.PLN (3.8 KB)

After nearly 100,000 Nautical Miles, finally wildlife spotted! Only at one site though, the first I went to. The other locations remained empty no matter how much I flew around in circles. I even reloaded the game at the marked location to see if that would help. No matter, the locations were beautiful by themselves. Great are to explore with amazing sights.

Btw, don’t unplug a charging controller while fs2020 is running…

12-10 Asosa HASO 3:01 AM
Lockup, end task, restart. Unplugged (charging) DS4 controller to get sound (Win 10 assigns sound to DS4), game hangs
12-10 Asosa HASO 3:08 AM Blue Nile Giraffes 11°30’26.99"N 37°32’56.06"E
12-10 Bahir Dar HABD 4:42 AM Bahir Dar Stadium
12-10 Azezo HAGN 5:08 AM Fassil Ghebbi 12°36’30.24"N 37°28’12.39"E
12-10 Humera HAHU 5:45 AM
12-10 Shire HAIN 6:32 AM
12-10 Axum HAAX 6:55 AM Church of our Lady Mary of Zion (ancient)
12-10 Setoko HAST 8:02 AM Meshesha Wenz - Giraffes 12°57’45.17"N 38°36’14.91"E Not there

12-10 Setoko HAST 8:42 AM Bugna - Elephants 12°15’33.97"N 39°01’54.86"E Not there
Dawunt - Giraffes 11°27’55.83"N 39°11’53.15"E Not there
Dessie Zuriah - Elephants 10°54’46.6"N 39°28’08.54"E Not there
12-10 Combolcha HADC 9:51 AM
12-10 Semera HASM 10:37 AM Road landing, real sun out, too dark for drone

Flight time 6:49 8 stops

First departing from Asosa

First time I had to reduce the saturation for an image, it was too painful

Approaching Debre Zeyit

Near Debre Zeyit

No name available for this river, Chamoga river on the other side of the hill

And there they are!! Along the Blue Nile near Bahir Dar

They’re not shy, they don’t stop for a picture either. You can’t pause nature.

Exactly where the marker said they would be, walking back and forth

A little bit back to Bahir Dar on lake Tana, starting point of the Blue Nile

Bahir Dar international stadium at the bottom

Martyrs Memorial Monument in memory of those who gave their lives fighting against the Derg dictatorship.

To the other end of the lake where Fassil Ghebbi is in Gondar

Fortress and palace compound, once the seat of Ethiopian emperors

The shape is there, missed the mark on textures

Fasilides’ Bath on the right, emperor of Ethiopia from 1632 to 1667

Near Cafta, the mountains are pretty high here

Climbing to about 10K ft to get over

Approaching Shire further ahead, no name for that settlement in the picture

Moving on to Axum also spelled as Aksum

Aksum, known for its tall, carved obelisks, relics of the ancient Kingdom of Aksum

And the ancient Church of our Lady Mary of Zion

Place where emperors were crowned and said to contain the ark of the covenant

Many ancient things to see here, Queen Sheba’s palace on the left

The Ezana Stone on the right, documenting the conversion of King Ezana to Christianity and his conquest of various neighboring areas between 330 and 356 AD

So much history in Aksum, Queen Sheba’s bath, the obelisk of Axum from the 4th century, the tomb of king Bazen and multiple other ancient palace sites.

Flying on to Sekoto

Abiy Addi along the way

Takeze river, dam down below on the right

Tekezé Dam and power station on the left

Taking a peek at the construction of the power station

Mount Ras Deshen in the distance, 14,900 ft high

8,000 ft is about ground level here at airstrips

Following the Takeze river to the South

Meshasha Wenz, more giraffes are supposed to be here

Approaching Sekoto

Bugna, flying back and forth looking for the missing elephants

They’re probably hiding in that tent…

None here either, pretty area

Near Girara, a single cloud

Crossing over the Bashilo river

Dawunt, where are the giraffes hiding

Oh well, flying on to Kombolcha

Imagine marching armies through here in ancient times

No elephants at Dessie Zuria either, Combolcha

On the far right is a camp from Yapi Merkezi, busy constructing a 1224 km railway line connecting Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania to the Indian Ocean. There’s no sign of it yet on Bing, on Google you can see the construction up to just North of the airport.

Hardibo lake North of Kombolcha

Mile Serdo wildlife reserve

It’s dark again, very dark. My final stop, Semera, had no runway lights of course. No matter how well I lined up with the drone the runway remained invisible. The real sun drowned out the weak shine from the landing light. I resorted to landing on one of the well lit roads next to the airport. Tricky landing since the road was not flat, but it worked. Or rather I landed on the nice clear strip next to the road, rush hour in Semera.

Leg 111, Semara, Ethiopia via Djibouti and Eritrea to Port Sudan, Sudan

DAY12_11.PLN (5.5 KB)

Another beautiful flight keeping me busy until sundown, so much to see

12-11 Semera HASM 4:02 AM
12-11 Dikhil HDDK 4:45 AM
12-11 Ali-Sabieh HDAS 5:04 AM
12-11 Chabelley HDCH 5:21 AM
12-11 Ambouli HDAM 5:30 AM
12-11 Tadjoura HDTJ 5:45 AM
12-11 Obock HDOB 5:57 AM
12-11 Assab Intl HHSB 6:29 AM
12-11 Adigrat HAAR 7:55 AM
12-11 Dahalak Island Southeast Z10Y 8:27 AM Flamingos 15°46’49.91"N 40°07’31.10"E Not there
12-11 Massawa Intl HHMS 8:53 AM
12-11 Asmara Intl HHAS 9:14 AM
12-11 Keren HHKE 9:52 AM
12-11 Port Sudan HSPN 11:04 AM Nice lighted runway

Flight time 7:02 13 stops

First up, Dikhil in Djibouti, fuzzy runway

Along the Hariou river which looks very dry

Approaching Ali Sabieh, the colors of the desert are back

Ali Sabieh

That drawing on the left is Ali Sabieh mountain

Yep, it’s dry there

On the way to Chabelley

The gulf of Tadjoura in the background

Djibouti, capital of Djibouti at the entrance to the Red Sea

Colorful city, whitewashed French colonial buildings and Moorish arcades

Crossing the river Alloum

The border with Eritrea already, Djibouti is pretty small

Approaching Āssab

And on towards Adigrat

I went a bit inland to visit Nabro Volcano on the way to Adigrat

A stratovolcano which was believed to be extinct until its recent eruption in 2011

There is actually a whole series of old volcanoes here

Near Daghil Liddola

A lot of variation in the terrain on this route

Arriving at Adigrat, Ethiopia. Eritrea is only a narrow strip on the coast at its South end.

Dahlak island, back in Eritrea, in the Red Sea

There are supposed to be flamingos on this part, no sign

Not on real life pictures either. The water is so clear!

Massawa International Airport

Former Imperial palace in Massawa

The would fit right into an Uncharted or Tomb Raider game

Asmara, the capital of Eritrea

Those little clouds are actually producing a lot of lightning…

Known for its Italian colonial buildings

Ranging from art deco cinemas to the Futurist, airplane-shaped Fiat Tagliero service station

Fiat Tagliaro on the left, strong Fallout 4 vibes

On the right could be a scene from a movie

Near Mihlab

And Curoh, great lighting

Little fluffy clouds

Nafka wildlife reserve

Passing by Nafka, time to turn the displays’ brightness down

Shmup style, Amiga parallax shooter

Near Madroriet

Yob wildlife reserve

Sneaking into Sudan after dusk

Ending today’s flight at Port Sudan, nice well lit runway, landing in comfort.

Leg 112, Port Sudan, Sudan to Am Djarass, Chad

DAY12_12.PLN (4.2 KB)

Exploring around the Nile in Sudan and a cool volcanic site in Chad. There aren’t many landing strips in the deserts, few stops today.

12-12 Port Sudan HSPN 3:47 AM
12-12 Port Sudan HSSP 3:54 AM
12-12 El Bauga HSEX 4:45 AM
12-12 Atbara HSAT 5:17 AM
12-12 Khartoum HSSS 6:19 AM
12-12 Wadi Seidna Air Base HSOM 6:28 AM
12-12 Ed Debba HSDB 7:32 AM Nearly impossible to spot ‘runway’
12-12 Dongola HSDN 8:04 AM
12-12 Umm Kaddadah HSUM 10:10 AM
12-12 Am Djarass FTAJ 11:32 AM Virtual vision landing

Flight time 7:45 9 stops

Departing from Port Sudan

Into the desert towards El Bauga

Familiar views by now, dry rivers, bare mountains, still pretty

And all the patterns otherwise covered up by vegetation

Gold veins, I wish

There is gold here though, Ariab Mining company - Hassai

Hassai Gold Mine, the only gold producing mine in Sudan

The mine has produced over 2.3 million ounces of gold from 18 pits in the area

Atbara, where the Atbarah river joins the Nile

Known as the railway city for its links to the railway industry

Following the Nile upstream

Meroë, ancient city about 4km from the Nile

Pyramids of Meroë

Shendi further up the Nile

Both sides of the Nile are farmland pretty much all the way

Khartoum, the capital of Sudan at the confluence of the White and Blue Nile

The Blue Nile (from the top) starts at lake Tana at Bahir Dar where I was just a few days ago

The White Nile (from behind) comes from Lake Victoria (Uganda side)

Big city with 5.3 million inhabitants, Al-Nilin mosque on tthe right

Strange circles near Al Matammah (not close, closest place with a name)

Giant versions of crop circles perhaps

Older versions are scattered around, can be found at 16°32’15.7"N 31°58’43.7"E

There are smaller same looking versions nearby that definitely look like crop fields

Moving on towards Ed Debba

Which seems to be an alternative name for Al Dabbah

More of the Nile to Dongola

Then followed a 2 hour stretch of desert to get to the volcanic site at Umm Kaddadah

More desert

And more, my crew fell asleep

Approaching Meidob volcanic field North of Umm Kaddadah

Worth the long flight

The volcanic field is formed by overlapping lava flows deep dow

The last eruption was over 4,000 years ago

Volcanic activity began 6.8 million years ago and continued into the Holcene

Malha crater containing a small lake

Umm kaddadah airport, tight landing

There’s actually a much longer dirt strip just behind the camera

Another long flight to the next volcanic fields to the North

That will have to wait until tomorrow, it was pitch black when I arrived in Am Djarass. The runway has no lights but is present in the G1000, ‘instrument’ landing.

Leg 113, Am Djarass, Chad to Al Booster, Gabr, Libya

DAY12_13.PLN (4.5 KB)

More volcanoes to visit, daylight is burning (in Chad)

12-13 Am Djarass FTAJ 3:47 AM
12-13 Fada FTTF 4:26 AM
12-13 Faya-Largeau FTFL 5:12 AM
12-13 Zouar FTTR 6:45 AM
12-13 Zougra FTTZ 7:17 AM
12-13 Matan AS Sarra HL56 8:56 AM
12-13 Kufra HLKF 9:59 AM
12-13 Sarir C-4 HLSA 11:24 AM Runway lights
12-13 Messla HLML 11:34 AM Virtual vision landing
12-13 Gialo HLGO 11:56 AM Drone cam landing visible thanks to glowing textures
12-13 Al Booster (Gabr) HL0N 12:25 AM Virtual vision landing, 27 knot crosswind

Flight time: 8:38 10 stops

Interesting mounts on the way to Fada already

A most likely dried up lake, no water in it on Google

The river leading to it is definitely dry

Fada on the Ennedi Plateau

I’m getting some Star Wars vibes from this town

Emerson Dias Crater, maybe

It’s listed as a night club on Googlemaps with reviews complimenting the music and ambiance

Approaching Faya-Lageau

Flying on towards Zouar

Emi Koussi

11,302 ft high shield volcano

Highest peak in the Sahara

Following the lava flow down the mountain

Tibesti mountains

It’s pretty much the only named thing in the area besides one other volcanic site

Thus more Tibesti mountains (area)

on the way to Zouar

Intimidating wall to fly by

Next to Zouar

Pic Toussidé, 10,712 ft high active volcano

There are no trees/bushes on the sides, the lava flows seem to trick the flora generation algorithm

Crater next to Pic Toussidé

And a smaller one next to the one above

Bardaï-Zougra Airport at NDrali

Heading East through the Tibesti mountains


More mountains

The terrain changes quick around here

And then the sand took over, long stretch of featureless desert to Matan AS Sarra

Airbase in southernmost Libya

To Kufra

Very red around here

More crop circles on the edge of Al-Jawf (Kufra airport)

Mesmerizing, those are some big records

Kufra Airport at Al Jawf, which averages 2.5 mm of rain annually

An intricate network of pipes connect all the farms

On to Safir while the sun goes down

I continued on in the dark to Gabr, Al Booster Airport. Tomorrow I’ll reach the Mediterranean sea (only to turn back South to follow the Nile through Egypt next)

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Leg 114, Al Booster, Gabr, Libya to Aswan, Egypt

DAY12_14.PLN (4.5 KB)

That was a pleasant surprise. I didn’t think it would be visible in Egypt but I did get to witness a partial eclipse when the sun went down. So cool.

12-14 Al Booster (Habr) HL0N 3:57 AM
12-14 Al Jaghbub HLAL 4:05 AM
12-14 Habata HE18 4:54 AM
12-14 Sidi Barrani HE40 5:08 AM
12-14 Mersa Matruh HEMM 5:32 AM
12-14 Badr El Din HE11 6:14 AM
12-14 Dakhla HEDK 7:51 AM
12-14 Shark El Oweinat Intl HEOW 8:53 AM
12-14 Wadi Halfa HSSW 9:54 AM
12-14 Abu Simbel HEBL 10:14 AM
12-14 Aswan Intl HESN 11:00 AM

Flight time 7:03 10 stops

First stop Habata Airport, Egypt. Clearly a military air base near the border

Sidi Barani, a bit cloaser to the coats, another military air base

They were very friendly, didn’t mind me landing without announcing myself at all

Mersa Matruh, popular resort town

Also known for Rommel beach and Rommel museum located in caves that served as the German WWII commander’s headquarters.

Pretty place

Well defended too, another air base but also international airport

Heading South to Badr Al Din

Mostly flat but taking a step down here

The step is creating some odd patterns

Badr Al Din is just an oil/gas mining area, on wards to Dakhla

20 knot cross wind pushing my plane at an angle

The desert, either the same for hours or changing every couple minutes

Dakhla, one of the seven oases of Egypt’s Western Desert

Skimming the dunes for a change

No shortage of sand here

Shark El Owainat, looks like an IQ test, find and extend the pattern

Heavily defended farm land

Continuing on to Wadi Halfa

Lake Nubia

It’s dammed at Aswan, about 290 km North-East from here

Wadi Halfa, Sudan, the town is to the left on the shore of Lake Nubia

Port town at the end of a rail line from Khartoum, goods transfer to a boat here

Going downstream or North-East along the lake, check out the sun

At the shore of lake Nubia, something’s happening with the sun

I did not expect to get to see the solar eclipse here!

Partial solar eclipse over Lake Nubia, Egypt

Arriving at Abu Simbel

Known for the Abu Simbel temples, build by King Ramses II 3,000 year ago

Not in the original spot though, relocated in 1968 when the Aswan dam was build

Crossing the Sheikh Zayed Canal for irrigation of the desert

Dark again, last stop incoming

Aswan at the end of lake Nassar, after Aswan high dam it’s simply the Nile again

Aswan also has several historical sites

Qubbet el-Hawa left and Fatamid cemetary right

Tomorrow I’ll be following the Nile to visit the Pyramids.

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Leg 115, Aswan to Alexandria, Egypt

DAY12_15.PLN (7.1 KB)

A lot of sight seeing today into the night. The clouds reflected enough light back from the cities to keep going over the Nile delta.

12-15 Aswan Intl HESN 3:56 AM
12-15 Daraw HE23 4:17 AM
12-15 Ras Banas HE14 5:15 AM
12-15 Marsa Alam Intl HEMA 6:00 AM
12-15 Hurghada Intl HEGN 6:44 AM
12-15 Wadi Ubu Shihat HE26 7:10 AM
12-15 Luxo intl HELX 7:33 AM Valley of the kings
12-15 Suhag Intl HESG 8:02 AM
12-15 Asyut Intl HEAT 8:27 AM
12-15 El Minya HE25 8:55 AM
12-15 Beni Suef HEBF 9:22 AM
12-15 Hulwan HE15 9:39 AM Meidum Pyramid otw
12-15 October HEOC 9:50 AM 3 Pyrmids otw
12-15 Cairo Intl HECA 10:12 AM whole shebang otw
12-15 Quwaysina HE42 10:27 AM
12-15 Gebel El Basur HE28 10:43 AM Virtual vision landing, on taxi way oops
12-15 Jiyanklis New HEGS 10:58 AM Virtual vision landing
12-15 Borg El Arab Intl HEBA 11:11 AM Virtual vision landing Borg El Arab Stadium
12-15 Alexandria Intl HEAX 11:29 AM Lights!

Flight time 7:33 18 stops

First a closer look at Aswan high dam

The world’s largest embankment dam, built across the Nile between 1960 and 1970

Aswan low dam, built between 1898 and 1902, closer to Aswan

The first attempt at this ■■■■ was in the 11th century

Aswan looking towards Aswan low dam and Aswan high dam on the horizon

Daraw, near the temple of Kom Obo

Heading to the East coast to take a peak at the Red Sea

Wadi El Gemal National Park

Nature’s doodling

Passing through the valley

Marsa Alam, resort town. There are a lot of these along the coast here

More doodles on the way to Hurgada

Bridge of Akassia Swiss resort

On the outskirts of Hurgada

Hurgada, 40km long beach resort town

Known for its great scuba diving opportunities

Time to head back to the Nile

Loosely following the road through the mountains

Erosion leads the way

Sand fills in the gaps

Road goes on top

Wadi Abu Shihat, another military airbase I guess

Luxor at the site of ancient Thebes

The pharaohs’ capital at the height of their power, during the 16th–11th centuries B.C.

Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, reconstructed

The mountains have better height data just a little to the North


Near Bani Rafi

Irrigation canal which runs parallel to the Nile from Asyut all the way to Cairo


Jabal At Tayr

The East side of the Nile is next to a big wall, West side is where 90% of the farms are

Meidum pyramid, it’s starting to get late already, wondering if I’ll reach Giza before dark

Masheya Fadel, more pyramids on the horizon

Helwan, ruins of Memphis on the other side of the Nile

Bent pyramid and Red pyramid behind

Closer pictures didn’t turn out, on to Giza

Giza Necropolis, if you haven’t heard of this, you’re not from Earth

The tourist buses are part of the scene


Cairo tower in the middle of the island

Egypt’s tallest tower with revolving restaurant on top

Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan Hassan

Madrasas generally taught calculation, grammar, poetry, history and above all the Qur’an and sacred law

Cairo international airport behind another military air base filled with helicopters

Ganaklis military airport

Egypt is ranked 10th in total strength of air power, ranked 4th in terms of tanks

Towards Alexandria, the sky is glowing from the light below

Borg El Arab Stadium

Alexandria, ancient port city about 2,350 years old

The capital of Ptolemaic Egypt and Roman and Byzantine Egypt for almost 1,000 years. Home of the lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Destroyed by three earth quakes between 956 and 1323. Also the place of the Great Library, useful early wonder in Civilization. It was first heavily damaged by the Roman occupation (27 BC - 284 AD) and what was left over destroyed in the siege in 297 AD.

Modern lighthouse present for this weary traveler, easy landing

That pretty much sums up Africa, tomorrow I’ll be heading into the Middle-East.

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